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Physical Chemistry: Help & Review

  • Course type: Self-paced
  • Available Lessons: 87
  • Average Lesson Length: 8 min
  • Eligible for Certificate: Yes

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    The Atom
    chapter 1 / lesson 1
    The Atom

Course Summary

Work through this Physical Chemistry: Help and Review course to review essential physical chemistry topics for exams, homework assignments or continuing education purposes. These convenient lessons and quizzes are available 24/7 so you can study on your own schedule.
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9 chapters in Physical Chemistry: Help & Review

Ch 1. The Atom & Atomic Structure {{cp.topicAssetIdToProgress[43025].percentComplete}}% complete
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - The Atom Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[277].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[277].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Atomic Number and Mass Number Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1607].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1607].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Early Atomic Theory: Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1606].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1606].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1608].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1608].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Electron Configurations in Atomic Energy Levels Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1610].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1610].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - Atomic Structures: Pauli Exclusion Principle, Aufbau Principle & Hund's Rule Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45163].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45163].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - The Law of Conservation of Mass: Definition, Equation & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[16913].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[16913].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - Diamagnetism & Paramagnetism: Definition & Explanation Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45164].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45164].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 9 - Four Quantum Numbers: Principal, Angular Momentum, Magnetic & Spin Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1611].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1611].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 10 - The de Broglie Hypothesis: Definition & Significance Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45166].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45166].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 11 - Ionic Bonds: Definitions and Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3800].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3800].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 12 - How Compounds and Molecules Are Built From Elements Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3219].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3219].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 13 - Polar and Nonpolar Covalent Bonds: Definitions and Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3801].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3801].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 14 - Using Atoms and Ions to Determine Molecular Formulas Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3220].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3220].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 15 - What Are Elements? Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3218].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3218].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - State Functions in Thermochemistry Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1708].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1708].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Enthalpy: Energy Transfer in Physical and Chemical Processes Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1709].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1709].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Using Hess's Law to Calculate the Change in Enthalpy of a Reaction Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1710].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1710].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Calorimetry: Measuring Heat Transfer and Heat Capacity Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1711].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1711].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Predicting the Entropy of Physical and Chemical Changes Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1712].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1712].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - Free Energy: Predicting the Spontaneity of a Reaction Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1713].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1713].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - The Relationship Between Enthalpy (H), Free Energy (G) and Entropy (S) Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1714].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1714].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - Electrochemistry: Free Energy and Cell Potential Energy Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1715].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1715].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 9 - Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[5365].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[5365].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 10 - Bond Energy: Definition & Equation Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45176].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45176].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 11 - Standard Enthalpy of Formation: Explanation & Calculations Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45177].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45177].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - Rate Constant and Rate Laws Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1703].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1703].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Modifying Factors Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1702].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1702].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Effect of Temperature Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1704].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1704].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Activation Energy and Catalysts Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1705].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1705].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Reaction Mechanisms and The Rate Determining Step Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1706].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1706].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - Chemical Kinetics, Reaction Rate Constant & Equilibrium Constant Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45175].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45175].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - Effect of Catalysts on Rates of Reaction Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45178].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45178].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - Collision Theory: Definition & Significance Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45174].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45174].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1668].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1668].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Mole-to-Mole Ratios and Calculations of a Chemical Equation Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1669].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1669].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Mass-to-Mass Stoichiometric Calculations Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1670].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1670].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Stoichiometry: Calculating Relative Quantities in a Gas or Solution Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1671].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1671].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Limiting Reactants & Calculating Excess Reactants Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1672].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1672].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - Calculating Reaction Yield and Percentage Yield from a Limiting Reactant Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1673].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1673].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - Calculating Percent Composition and Determining Empirical Formulas Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1674].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1674].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - Hydrates: Determining the Chemical Formula From Empirical Data Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1675].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1675].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2437].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2437].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1629].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1629].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1630].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1630].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Writing Ionic Compound Formulas: Binary & Polyatomic Compounds Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[6566].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[6566].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1631].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1631].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - Creating Mixtures by Combining Elements & Compounds Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[20107].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[20107].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - Creating Solutions by Combining Elements & Compounds Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[20106].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[20106].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - Understanding the Relationships between Elements, Molecules & Compounds Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19236].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19236].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1628].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1628].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1632].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1632].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1633].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1633].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[28159].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[28159].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1634].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1634].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1635].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1635].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[31411].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[31411].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1636].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1636].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 9 - London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1637].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1637].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 10 - Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1638].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1638].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 11 - Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1639].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1639].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 12 - Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1640].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1640].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 13 - Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1641].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1641].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 14 - Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1642].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1642].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 15 - Functional Groups in Organic Molecules Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1643].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1643].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - Planck's Constant: Formula & Application Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[42979].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[42979].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - The Bohr Model and Atomic Spectra Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1612].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1612].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Wave-Particle Duality: Concept, Explanation & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[4923].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[4923].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Nuclear Physics: Nuclear Force & Building Energy Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[42981].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[42981].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Nuclear Reaction: Definition & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3881].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3881].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - Types of Radioactive Decay and Their Effect on the Nucleus Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1622].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1622].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - Balancing Nuclear Equations & Predicting the Product of a Nuclear Reaction Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1623].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1623].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - Half-life: Calculating Radioactive Decay and Interpreting Decay Graphs Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1624].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1624].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 9 - Mass-Energy Conversion, Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1625].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1625].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 10 - Fusion, Fission, Carbon Dating, Tracers & Imaging: Applications of Nuclear Chemistry Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1626].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1626].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 11 - Disintegration Energy in Nuclear Physics: Definition & Formula Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[42982].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[42982].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 12 - Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle: Definition & Equation Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45165].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45165].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 13 - Electron Cloud: Definition, Model & Theory Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[8090].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[8090].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional

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