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Biology 105: Anatomy & Physiology Final Exam

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Page 1

Question 1 1. Which of the following is a structure that develops after ovulation?

Question 2 2. Lately Joe has been suffering an inability to pass urine, and he has decided to see his doctor. After giving Joe a thorough examination, the doctor has made an official diagnosis. Which of the following statements BEST describes the doctor's explanation as to why Joe is experiencing a decrease in his ability to urinate?

Question 3 3. Nathan is still suffering from the unexpected and tragic death of both of his parents in an automobile accident last year. Which of the following types of hormones is helping him to cope with this long-term stressor?

Question 4 4. Which of the following would be the smallest in diameter?

Question 5 5. Where is the pineal gland located?

Page 2

Question 6 6. What is the difference between the diaphysis and the epiphysis?

Question 7 7. Which of the following structures contains the most richly-oxygenated blood?

Question 8 8. What type of reaction causes the formation of sugar molecules larger than monosaccharides?

Question 9 9. An ionic bond occurs when a _____ and an _____ come together and form a bond.

Question 10 10. During everyday activities, such as running and walking, _____ are involved.

Page 3

Question 11 11. Which of the following structures is superior to the rib cage?

Question 12 12. Which of the following is proprioception most likely responsible for?

Question 13 13. What layer (s) of tissue is shed during menses?

Question 14 14. Since the optic nerve transmits information from the eye to the brain, an injury to the optic nerve could result in _____

Question 15 15. Keratinocytes are cells that _____.

Page 4

Question 16 16. Which of the following is the correct order in which proteins are digested?

Question 17 17. Which of the following is NOT true of the enterogastric reflex?

Question 18 18. Within the individual myofibril of the muscle cell are repeating units that run end-to-end along the length of the myofibril. What are these units called?

Question 19 19. Which of the following hormones are secreted by the pineal gland?

Question 20 20. Which of the following is NOT produced during the electron transport chain?

Page 5

Question 21 21. Consider a drug that inhibits ATP synthesis. What effect would this drug have on muscle tissue?

Question 22 22. The sole of your foot is known as the _____ surface.

Question 23 23. If a muscle is held at a shortened resting length, then why is tension development compromised?

Question 24 24. Which accessory gland secretes a lubricant known as pre-ejaculate?

Question 25 25. Which part of the embryonic brain will later mature into structures most critical to your heart rate?

Page 6

Question 26 26. _____ hold fats together in biological systems and bond fatty acids to glycerol.

Question 27 27. Norepinephrine may be released by the sympathetic nervous system in order to directly increase blood pressure during hypotension. In addition, the sympathetic nervous system may also trigger vasoconstriction by which of the following mechanisms?

Question 28 28. A cell that hasn't differentiated (designated what kind of cell it is) is known as a(n) _____.

Question 29 29. Rods and Cones are NOT:

Question 30 30. Which valve opens when the left ventricle contracts?

Page 7

Question 31 31. Why is solid water (ice) less dense than liquid water?

Question 32 32. Why does air move out of the lungs during expiration?

Question 33 33. Which of the following structures are optimally arranged to maximize contraction?

Question 34 34. The function of photoreceptors is to:

Question 35 35. Why is it important for the bulbourethral glands to neutralize urinary acids?

Page 8

Question 36 36. Endochondral ossification is responsible for forming all these types of bones EXCEPT _____.

Question 37 37. Which of the following is part of the respiratory membrane?

Question 38 38. The sternum's _____ attaches to the first pair of ribs and clavicles

Question 39 39. In this drawing of a frog gastrula, which letter corresponds to the ectoderm?

Question 40 40. When during the typical 28-day ovarian cycle does ovulation occur?

Page 9

Question 41 41. In ectotherms, what controls body temperature?

Question 42 42. The body requires a state of continual balance in order to function at its maximum level of efficiency. What term designates this state of continual balance?

Question 43 43. An aqueous environment is:

Question 44 44. The dermis layer of the skin contains:

Question 45 45. Which structures secretes mucus?

Page 10

Question 46 46. Which of the following contains mostly maternal cells?

Question 47 47. A non-substrate molecule binds to an enzyme. Now the enzyme is able to bind its substrate when it previously could not. What has likely occurred?

Question 48 48. What is the definition of circadian rhythm?

Question 49 49. If only one type of atom makes up a substance, what can you call this substance?

Question 50 50. The matrix that red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are suspended in is also known as:

Biology 105: Anatomy & Physiology Final Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next question. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. You will lose your work if you close or refresh this page. Good luck!

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