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Question 11.Animals that do not have a back bone are best known as:
Question 22.What characteristic does not describe both plants and fungi?
Question 33.Sickle cell anemia results from a mutation in the hemoglobin gene on both homologous chromosomes. At conception, which of the following is a plausible explanation for why some people with this mutation might not be at risk of developing sickle cell anemia?
Question 44.The species of humans that exist today are referred to as:
Question 55.Which of the following distinguishes human communication from other primates?
Place the following terms in order of increasing complexity within the cell:
Question 77.Primates can be grouped into two main categories. Which of the following correctly pairs the group with the location?
Question 88.Which of the following statements about species is MOST accurate?
Question 99.A nucleic acid monomer is called:
Question 1010.What is proteomics?
Question 1111.According to the phylogenetic tree, which organisms are the least related to each other evolutionarily?
Question 1212.The coat color gene of a population of squirrels is defined by a dominant allele G, which encodes a gray coat, and a recessive allele g, which encodes a black coat. In a population, genetic typing reveals the genotypic distribution to be 50 GG, 30 Gg, and 20 gg. What is the allelic frequency of the G allele?
Question 1313.Which of the following is not a distinctive characteristic of primates?
Question 1414.A farmer mates a goat and a sheep together. However, he finds he cannot use this hybrid animal to produce any new hybrids. This is an example of _____.
Question 1515.After observing a population of fish with interesting protective spines, a scientist decides to move two of the fish into a new pond to create a new population of fish to study the ability of the fish to survive a new set of predators. Which of the following evolutionary agents did the scientist introduce?
Question 1616.Which best describes natural selection?
Question 1717.A postzygotic _____ is a mechanism that reduces the viability or reproductive capacity of hybrid offspring.
Question 1818.Which of the following is an accurate statement?
Question 1919.If a clade has a known common ancestor and displays all of its descendants, it is called:
Question 2020.Why is the peppered moth phenomenon uncommon?
Question 2121.According to Darwin, why did finches have different beaks on the islands of the Galapagos?
Question 2222.Which of the following statements about the regional continuity model of human origin is TRUE?
Question 2323.Which of the following is the most modern species of humans?
Which of the following is an example of a homologous structure or trait?
I. Leg bones of a human and leg bones of a penguin
II. Wing of a penguin and wing of a mosquito
III. Beak of a penguin and beak of a duck
Question 2525.What scientist is credited with the idea that early life on Earth formed through a series of reactions that made simple compounds gradually more complex?
Question 2626.How does the Out of Africa model differ from the Replacement model of human origin?
Question 2727.Which is true about evolution?
Question 2828.Which best describes a genome?
Question 2929.Which answer choice correctly orders the three major eons of Earth's history, from the oldest to the most recent?
Question 3030.How do losses of alleles in natural selection differ from losses of alleles in genetic drift?
Question 3131.If the diploid chromosome count in humans is 46, how many pairs of homologous chromosomes are there?
Question 3232.The study of the allelic, genotypic, and phenotypic variation within a population is referred to as _____
Question 3333.A phosphodiester bond links:
Question 3434.Who is credited with first theorizing that humans advanced over a vast amount of time, moving along the evolutionary ladder from apes to Homo sapiens?
Question 3535.Homo habilis lived during a timeframe most similar to:
Question 3636.Why is Brassica rapa a good model organism for genetics studies?
Question 3737.In which method of DNA Replication would new DNA consist of alternating parent and daughter DNA?
Question 3838.Which of the following differentiates humans from other hominoids?
Which of the following is an example of polyploidy?
I. An insect with n = 4 has 8 total chromosomes in each somatic cell
II. A plant with n = 12 has 48 total chromosomes in each somatic cell
III. A fish with n = 66 has 132 total chromosomes in each somatic cell
Question 4040.According to the cladogram shown, which organisms are most closely related?
Question 4141.How many chromosomes can be lost before it is considered a lethal event?
Question 4242.Humans are animals which are best classified as:
Question 4343.Why has the regional continuity model of human origin been criticized?
Question 4444.Define speciation.
Question 4545.How does the fossil record support evolution?
Question 4646.Of the following, which group(s) of protists is(are) heterotrophs?
Question 4747.What is the main difference between natural selection and artificial selection?
Question 4848.How many rounds of DNA Replication were needed to disprove the Conservative method?
Which of the following statements does not represent the idea of acquired characteristics?
I. A body builder develops stronger muscles during the course of his life, so his son will be strong as well.
II. A cat that lost its tail will produce offspring with shorter tails.
III. Neck length in a giraffe population increased over time since taller giraffes had a competitive advantage over shorter giraffes.
Question 5050.The coat color gene of a population of squirrels is defined by a dominant allele G, which encodes a gray coat, and a recessive allele g, which encodes a black coat. In a population, genetic typing reveals the genotypic distribution to be 50 GG, 30 Gg, and 20 gg. If this population is in equilibrium, then what should the genotypic frequency of gg squirrels in this population be?
Evolution Study Guide Final Exam Instructions
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