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Urinary System Chapter Exam

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Page 1

Question 1 1. Where is the renal papilla located?

Question 2 2. Where do the kidneys primarily secrete hydrogen ions?

Question 3 3. WHAT is the bodily production response of angiotensin II to counter a decrease in the production of renin?

Question 4 4. WHAT is a primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule?

Question 5 5. Two systems that influence GFR are known as:

Page 2

Question 6 6. In the case of the kidney's glomerulus, what is hydrostatic pressure?

Question 7 7. Which of the following is NOT a part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

Question 8 8. Which of the following releases renin?

Question 9 9. The ureter is the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the _____.

Question 10 10. The enzyme renin would be released in the body due to a response to WHAT action?

Page 3

Question 11 11. Glomerulus is the specific name of the _____ where blood filtration occurs in the kidneys.

Question 12 12. The glomerulus forms _____ which flows into the _____ and then into the _____.

Question 13 13. How is urine moved from the bladder to the urethra?

Question 14 14. What do the kidneys do in cases of respiratory alkalosis?

Question 15 15. What is the most important hormone involved in determining how diluted or concentrated your urine will be?

Page 4

Question 16 16. Norepinephrine may be released by the sympathetic nervous system in order to directly increase blood pressure during hypotension. In addition, the sympathetic nervous system may also trigger vasoconstriction by which of the following mechanisms?

Question 17 17. Which of the following best describes ACE?

Question 18 18. Why are the renal pyramids connected to the renal pelvis?

Question 19 19. Osmoregulation is the active regulation of _____ movement in and out of a cell or body.

Question 20 20. The efferent arteriole carries _____.

Page 5

Question 21 21. Water is reabsorbed back into the blood in the thin segment of the descending limb of the _____.

Question 22 22. What is the primary function of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

Question 23 23. Secretion of potassium into urine, promoting absorption of sodium out of the renal tubule's filtrate and into the blood, and encouraging more water to be reabsorbed back into the blood in order to increase the blood pressure are functions attributed to WHAT steroid hormone?

Question 24 24. The renal artery is the primary source of blood supply for the _____.

Question 25 25. Which of the following is TRUE about aldosterone?

Page 6

Question 26 26. The renal hilum is the location where one would find the _____.

Question 27 27. Following fluid flow from the filtration membrane through the nephron, WHERE is the location of fluid directly BEFORE it reaches the collecting duct?

Question 28 28. Acid-base balance, water regulation, and waste excretion are primary functions of which bodily organ(s)?

Question 29 29. What is tubuloglomerular feedback?

Question 30 30. The following structures (in the correct order) are collectively known as the renal tubule:

Urinary System Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next question. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. You will lose your work if you close or refresh this page. Good luck!

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