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Question 22.Osmoregulation is the active regulation of _____ movement in and out of a cell or body.
Question 33.Identify the following:
Question 44.What is the primary function of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?
Question 55.The release of PTH will cause:
Question 66.The following is the most important organ involved in the detoxification of your body:
Question 77.One of the side effects of drug X is excessive urination. What modification in drug mechanism could be developed to reduce this problem?
Question 88.WHAT is the bodily production response of angiotensin II to counter a decrease in the production of renin?
Question 99.Under normal conditions, what has the final say as to whether or not your urine becomes acidic or alkaline?
Question 1010.The renal artery is the primary source of blood supply for the _____.
Question 1111.If a sample of blood contains glucose and hemoglobin, which is MOST likely to pass through the glomerulus, and why?
Question 1212.Where is the renal papilla located?
Question 1313.Which structure carries the blood purified by the kidneys back into circulation?
Question 1414.The renal hilum is the location where one would find the _____.
Question 1515.The enzyme renin would be released in the body due to a response to WHAT action?
Question 1616.If the glomerular filtration rate is increasing, then what preceded this change?
Question 1717.A condition whereupon a person's body is unable to form concentrated urine, due to an absence or lack of a response to ADH, is called _____.
Question 1818.Following fluid flow from the filtration membrane through the nephron, WHERE is the location of fluid directly BEFORE it reaches the collecting duct?
Question 1919.Glomerulus is the specific name of the _____ where blood filtration occurs in the kidneys.
Question 2020.Water is reabsorbed back into the blood in the thin segment of the descending limb of the _____.
Question 2121.Why are the renal pyramids connected to the renal pelvis?
Question 2222.Secretion of potassium into urine, promoting absorption of sodium out of the renal tubule's filtrate and into the blood, and encouraging more water to be reabsorbed back into the blood in order to increase the blood pressure are functions attributed to WHAT steroid hormone?
Question 2323.The ureter is the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the _____.
Question 2424.How is the functional unit of the kidney, the nephron, supplied with blood?
Question 2525.We know the arcuate arteries are named because they resemble an arc. Where are they located?
Question 2626.How does the JG apparatus respond to a low amount of sodium in the distal convoluted tubule?
Question 2727.Acid-base balance, water regulation, and waste excretion are primary functions of which bodily organ(s)?
Question 2828.WHAT is a primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule?
Question 2929.It is possible to interfere with the countercurrent exchange system by _____.
Question 3030.Which organ enables your body rids itself of hydrogen ions?
Urinary System Chapter Exam Instructions
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