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Urinary System Chapter Exam

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Page 1

Question 1 1. The word renal is related to;

Question 2 2. Osmoregulation is the active regulation of _____ movement in and out of a cell or body.

Question 3 3. Identify the following:

Question 4 4. What is the primary function of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

Question 5 5. The release of PTH will cause:

Page 2

Question 6 6. The following is the most important organ involved in the detoxification of your body:

Question 7 7. One of the side effects of drug X is excessive urination. What modification in drug mechanism could be developed to reduce this problem?

Question 8 8. WHAT is the bodily production response of angiotensin II to counter a decrease in the production of renin?

Question 9 9. Under normal conditions, what has the final say as to whether or not your urine becomes acidic or alkaline?

Question 10 10. The renal artery is the primary source of blood supply for the _____.

Page 3

Question 11 11. If a sample of blood contains glucose and hemoglobin, which is MOST likely to pass through the glomerulus, and why?

Question 12 12. Where is the renal papilla located?

Question 13 13. Which structure carries the blood purified by the kidneys back into circulation?

Question 14 14. The renal hilum is the location where one would find the _____.

Question 15 15. The enzyme renin would be released in the body due to a response to WHAT action?

Page 4

Question 16 16. If the glomerular filtration rate is increasing, then what preceded this change?

Question 17 17. A condition whereupon a person's body is unable to form concentrated urine, due to an absence or lack of a response to ADH, is called _____.

Question 18 18. Following fluid flow from the filtration membrane through the nephron, WHERE is the location of fluid directly BEFORE it reaches the collecting duct?

Question 19 19. Glomerulus is the specific name of the _____ where blood filtration occurs in the kidneys.

Question 20 20. Water is reabsorbed back into the blood in the thin segment of the descending limb of the _____.

Page 5

Question 21 21. Why are the renal pyramids connected to the renal pelvis?

Question 22 22. Secretion of potassium into urine, promoting absorption of sodium out of the renal tubule's filtrate and into the blood, and encouraging more water to be reabsorbed back into the blood in order to increase the blood pressure are functions attributed to WHAT steroid hormone?

Question 23 23. The ureter is the tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the _____.

Question 24 24. How is the functional unit of the kidney, the nephron, supplied with blood?

Question 25 25. We know the arcuate arteries are named because they resemble an arc. Where are they located?

Page 6

Question 26 26. How does the JG apparatus respond to a low amount of sodium in the distal convoluted tubule?

Question 27 27. Acid-base balance, water regulation, and waste excretion are primary functions of which bodily organ(s)?

Question 28 28. WHAT is a primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule?

Question 29 29. It is possible to interfere with the countercurrent exchange system by _____.

Question 30 30. Which organ enables your body rids itself of hydrogen ions?

Urinary System Chapter Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next question. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. You will lose your work if you close or refresh this page. Good luck!

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