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Human Brain Flashcards

Human Brain Flashcards
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Lobe
Divisions of the cerebral cortex based on naturally occurring, functionally-coordinated sections
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Cerebellum
The structure found behind the brain stem that helps the body manage movement, hand-eye coordination, and balance
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Thalamus
The structure in the brain responsible for relaying sensory information to the cerebral cortex
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Hypothalamus
The structure in the brain responsible for promoting survival and reproduction by controlling things such as internal body temperature, hunger, mating behavior, and the 'fight or flight' response
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Hippocampus

The structure in the brain responsible for forming new memories and managing spatial orientation

Often the first part of the brain damaged in Alzheimer's disease patients

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Brain Stem
The structure that connects the brain and spinal cord and regulates basic body functions like blood pressure, swallowing, digestion, heart rate, and breathing
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Gyrus (plural: gyri)
The raised portion of brain tissue found between sulci
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Sulcus (plural: sulci)

Indentation lines found on the brain

Central sulcus: divides the frontal and parietal lobes

Lateral sulcus (1 in each hemisphere): divides the temporal lobe from the parietal and frontal lobe

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Hemisphere
The name given to the left and right regions of the brain
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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Found just underneath your skull is one of the most important organs in your body: your brain. It is so important because it is responsible for coordinating pretty much everything your body needs to stay alive. The brain is complicated, and studying it must begin with a broad overview of how it works. This flashcard set will help you review the basics of the brain's anatomy and the structure and function of the different parts that make it up.

Front
Back
Hemisphere
The name given to the left and right regions of the brain
Sulcus (plural: sulci)

Indentation lines found on the brain

Central sulcus: divides the frontal and parietal lobes

Lateral sulcus (1 in each hemisphere): divides the temporal lobe from the parietal and frontal lobe

Gyrus (plural: gyri)
The raised portion of brain tissue found between sulci
Brain Stem
The structure that connects the brain and spinal cord and regulates basic body functions like blood pressure, swallowing, digestion, heart rate, and breathing
Hippocampus

The structure in the brain responsible for forming new memories and managing spatial orientation

Often the first part of the brain damaged in Alzheimer's disease patients

Hypothalamus
The structure in the brain responsible for promoting survival and reproduction by controlling things such as internal body temperature, hunger, mating behavior, and the 'fight or flight' response
Thalamus
The structure in the brain responsible for relaying sensory information to the cerebral cortex
Cerebellum
The structure found behind the brain stem that helps the body manage movement, hand-eye coordination, and balance
Lobe
Divisions of the cerebral cortex based on naturally occurring, functionally-coordinated sections
Temporal Lobe

The lower central division of the cerebral cortex

Associated with hearing, language comprehension, and memory

Frontal Lobe

The forward division of the cerebral cortex

Associated with speech, emotions, motor function, and planning

Parietal Lobe

The top central division of the cerebral cortex

Associated with integrating senses and motor function

Occipital Lobe

The back division of the cerebral cortex

Associated with visual information processing

The Pons
The structure found in the upper region of the brain stem responsible for regulation of breathing, hearing, taste, balance, and deep sleep
Medulla Oblongata
The structure found in the lower part of the brain stem responsible for regulation of heart rate, blood pressure, and reflexes
Circle of Willis
A circle of connected arteries found at the base of the brain, providing an alternative route for oxygenated blood to enter the brain should there be a blockage
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)

The clear fluid made by the choroid plexus in the brain

Surrounds and cushions the brain and spinal cord, protecting against injuries like concussions

Buffers the brain from harmful chemicals

Blood-CSF Barrier

The physical barrier formed by tight cell junctions between the choroid plexus and arachnoid mater

Prevents foreign substance in the blood from entering the brain

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