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Legislative Branch Vocabulary & Flashcards

Legislative Branch Vocabulary & Flashcards
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Unicameral Legislature
A law-making body of government consisting of a single house; Nebraska utilizes this type of legislature
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Bicameral Legislature
A law-making body of government consisting of two houses: a Senate and an Assembly or House of Representatives
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Congress
Consist of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate
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United States Constitution
Explains all powers of the three government branches.
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Judicial Branch
This branch consists of all federal courts, the Supreme Court and its duties are to review and interpret laws.
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Executive Branch
This branch which enforces the law consists of the president, vice president, and cabinet members. Duties include: the Armed Forces, federal budget, foreign policy, veto and approve laws.
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Checks and Balance
A system which prevents one branch of government from being more powerful than the other
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Three Branches of Government
The three branches of the U.S. government are the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
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17 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Have you ever wondered what the roles of the legislative branch are? These flashcards cover the roles of the legislative branch and will help you understand why there are two houses in Congress. You will also be able to identify the legislative process in the government and understand how the legislative branch functions.

Front
Back
Three Branches of Government
The three branches of the U.S. government are the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Checks and Balance
A system which prevents one branch of government from being more powerful than the other
Executive Branch
This branch which enforces the law consists of the president, vice president, and cabinet members. Duties include: the Armed Forces, federal budget, foreign policy, veto and approve laws.
Judicial Branch
This branch consists of all federal courts, the Supreme Court and its duties are to review and interpret laws.
United States Constitution
Explains all powers of the three government branches.
Congress
Consist of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate
Bicameral Legislature
A law-making body of government consisting of two houses: a Senate and an Assembly or House of Representatives
Unicameral Legislature
A law-making body of government consisting of a single house; Nebraska utilizes this type of legislature
Elastic Clause
Article I, Section 8, Clause 18 of the United States Constitution grants the power to write pertinent laws according to current needs. Also known as the necessary and proper clause.
Habeas Corpus
Protection against illegal imprisonment by allowing a detainee to petition a review. Congress is expressly denied the ability to suspend habeas corpus in Art. 1, Sec. 9 of the U.S. Constitution.
Ex Post Facto
Laws that hold a person accountable for breaking a law before his/her action is considered illegal. Congress is denied the power to create ex post facto laws.
Impeach
The power given to the House of Representatives to hold the president, Supreme Court justices, and all federal officials accountable for possible criminal charges.
Legislative Branch
House of Representatives and Senate. Powers: make laws, build the military, create a post office, regulate naturalization and foreign trade, obtain loans, and impeach and try federal officials.
Budgetary Power
Power granted to the legislative branch to control how federal money is spent.
Bill
Legislation presented by Congress; sent to committee experts; accepted, rejected, or changed; debated and voted on by the Senate and House; and then sent to the president to become a law.
House of Representatives
One of the two houses of Congress. It represents the people instead of the states with 435 members serving two-year terms. It creates tax bills and has the power of impeachment.
Senate
Consists of two members from each state. Powers: approve, amend, or reject treaties; conduct impeachment trails; advise the president when appointing ambassadors or Supreme Court justices.

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