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Long Bones in the Human Body Flashcards

Long Bones in the Human Body Flashcards
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Long Bones: Radius
One of the long bones found in the lower arm between the wrist and the elbow. When your arm hangs naturally, this bone is closer to your body.
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Long Bones: Humerus
This long bone is located in the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow.
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Long Bones: Phalanges
Both our fingers and our toes are made up of this kind of long bone.
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Long Bones: Metacarpals
These are long bones found in our palms.
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Parts of a Long Bone: Diaphysis
We use this term when talking about the shaft (central) section of a long bone.
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Parts of a Long Bone: Metaphysis
The section of a long bone where bone growth occurs. It is found between the epiphysis and the diaphysis.
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Parts of a Long Bone: Epiphysis
This term refers to the end of a long bone. This section of the bone is generally wider than the rest of the bone.
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Long Bones
This bone classification doesn't refer to bone size, but rather its shape:
  • Shaft length greater than its width
  • Slightly curved and have two ends
  • Two ends usually bigger than the shaft
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Flashcard Content Overview

Use these cards to go over the epiphysis, metaphysis, and diaphysis of long bones. You can consider the bone tissues that make up long bones. These cards also offer information about specific long bones in the human body, including:

  • Clavicle
  • Humerus
  • Ulna
  • Radius
  • Metacarpals
  • Phalanges
  • Femur
  • Tibia
  • Fibula
  • Metatarsals
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Back
Long Bones
This bone classification doesn't refer to bone size, but rather its shape:
  • Shaft length greater than its width
  • Slightly curved and have two ends
  • Two ends usually bigger than the shaft
Parts of a Long Bone: Epiphysis
This term refers to the end of a long bone. This section of the bone is generally wider than the rest of the bone.
Parts of a Long Bone: Metaphysis
The section of a long bone where bone growth occurs. It is found between the epiphysis and the diaphysis.
Parts of a Long Bone: Diaphysis
We use this term when talking about the shaft (central) section of a long bone.
Long Bones: Metacarpals
These are long bones found in our palms.
Long Bones: Phalanges
Both our fingers and our toes are made up of this kind of long bone.
Long Bones: Humerus
This long bone is located in the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow.
Long Bones: Radius
One of the long bones found in the lower arm between the wrist and the elbow. When your arm hangs naturally, this bone is closer to your body.
Long Bones: Ulna
One of the two bones in your lower arm between wrist and elbow, it contributes to the pointy shape of the human elbow. This bone is the one farther from your body when your arm hangs naturally.
Long Bones: Femur
The name for our thigh bone. It stretches from your pelvis to your knee.
Long Bones: Tibia (Shin Bone)
Located in your lower leg, it is the larger of the two long bones in this part of the leg and is situated towards the front of the leg.
Long Bones: Fibula (Calf Bone)
This bone is located in our lower leg and is the smaller long bone in this area. It is found slightly to the side of the knee.
Long Bones: Metatarsals
These long bones found in our feet aren't part of the heel. Instead, they form the part of our feet that connects to the toes.
Long Bones: Clavicle
This long bone, referred to as the collarbone, stretches from one side of our chest to the other.
Long Bone Tissue: Cortical (Compact Bone)
The tissue that forms a bone's outer shell. Most of our skeleton is made of this kind of tissue, which offers support and protection to our muscles and organs.
Long Bone Tissue: Cancellous (Spongy Bone)
A type of bone tissue contained in the epiphysis of long bones. It is dense and provides extra surface area. Red bone marrow is found here.

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