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SAT World History: Ancient Greece Flashcards

SAT World History: Ancient Greece Flashcards
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Demigod in Greek mythology

a child that is born from a mortal and an immortal (god)

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The Olympians in Greek mythology

Third generation of gods; anthropomorphic and were gods that represented things such as the sky and the sea.

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Titans in Greek mythology

Children of Gaia; the second generation of gods who represented motion and change within the world.

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anthropomorphic

Greek gods take on characteristics shapes of men.

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Foundation of ancient Greek religion

Based on myths and rituals; gods, heroes, and men were worshiped.

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Ancient Greece in the Dark Ages

A period in time when Greek religion and myth began to form.

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The Dorian Invasion

The Dorian invasion began around 1200-1100 BCE when they conquered the Mycenaeans.

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Mycenae

Warriors that conquered the Minoans

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Bronze Age in Greece

Period in ancient Greek history during which the powerful cities of classic Greek literature, Troy and Mycenae, flourished

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The Odyssey

Sequel to the Iliad, Homer's second epic tells the story of Odysseus' 20-year journey home to Ithaca.

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Wrath of Achilles

The beginning of the epic; he is mortal, unlike his mother, and is angry because he will die; he becomes a great warrior on the battlefield.

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Xenia

Ancient Greek law that dictates the offering of generosity and hospitality to travelers

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The Iliad

Greek Epic told by Homer set during the Trojan War

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abjad

a system of writing in which symbols take place of consonants and the reader determines the appropriate missing vowel.

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symbolic phonemes
symbols that represent the sounds of words
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Cuneiform
The first form of writing that consisted of drawings or pictographs.
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Minoans

A culture that existed during the early Bronze Age and built a trading empire with goods, including saffron and tin.

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35 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set covers information from the Ancient Greece time period. These flashcards will test your knowledge on Greek myth and religion, the Greek city-states, and the many contributions the Greeks imparted to our culture today through their rich history. In addition, you will learn about the role of Women in Greece; revisit classics, such as the Odyssey and the Iliad; and take a trip back in time to understand the techniques that made the Greeks so successful during war.

Front
Back
Minoans

A culture that existed during the early Bronze Age and built a trading empire with goods, including saffron and tin.

Cuneiform
The first form of writing that consisted of drawings or pictographs.
symbolic phonemes
symbols that represent the sounds of words
abjad

a system of writing in which symbols take place of consonants and the reader determines the appropriate missing vowel.

The Iliad

Greek Epic told by Homer set during the Trojan War

Xenia

Ancient Greek law that dictates the offering of generosity and hospitality to travelers

Wrath of Achilles

The beginning of the epic; he is mortal, unlike his mother, and is angry because he will die; he becomes a great warrior on the battlefield.

The Odyssey

Sequel to the Iliad, Homer's second epic tells the story of Odysseus' 20-year journey home to Ithaca.

Bronze Age in Greece

Period in ancient Greek history during which the powerful cities of classic Greek literature, Troy and Mycenae, flourished

Mycenae

Warriors that conquered the Minoans

The Dorian Invasion

The Dorian invasion began around 1200-1100 BCE when they conquered the Mycenaeans.

Ancient Greece in the Dark Ages

A period in time when Greek religion and myth began to form.

Foundation of ancient Greek religion

Based on myths and rituals; gods, heroes, and men were worshiped.

anthropomorphic

Greek gods take on characteristics shapes of men.

Titans in Greek mythology

Children of Gaia; the second generation of gods who represented motion and change within the world.

The Olympians in Greek mythology

Third generation of gods; anthropomorphic and were gods that represented things such as the sky and the sea.

Demigod in Greek mythology

a child that is born from a mortal and an immortal (god)

Arete

a virtue that each Greek god embodies

Polis

Greek city-state and political unit

Constitutions, Colonialism, Competitions in ancient Greece

common features of each Greek city-state

The role of women in ancient Greece

Women were not considered equal; they were judged based on their fathers or husbands. The women of Sparta were the most respected.

Protogeometric

Early Greek pottery with geometric lines 1000-900 BCE

Orders of Greek Columns

Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian

Pediment

a long, angled roof that forms a triangle at the ends

entablature

the flat plane between the columns on a temple where the roof sits.

metopes

Decorations added to the entablatures

entasis

a column that tapers at the top to give the illusion of a taller building.

The Presocratics

First group of philosophers before Socrates

The Monists

The first three philosophers: Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximenes

Pythagoras

Greek philosopher and first mathematician.

Heraclitus

Philosopher who believed that change was central to the universe

Phalanx Warfare

A military formation used by the Greeks in which an army of men move forward toward the enemy as one entity.

agoge

Education and training program mandatory for all Spartan men

Herodotus

Greek historian who documented in writing the events of the Persian War.

serfdom in ancient Greece

a type of slavery employed by the Spartans

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