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Skeletal System Overview Flashcards

Skeletal System Overview Flashcards
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Sacrum

A structure made up of five vertebrae fused together

Found underneath the lumbar vertebrae of the vertebral column

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Vertebral Column

Also known as the spinal column or backbone

Made up of 33 vertebrae

Separated into five sections: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal

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Bones of the Nose

Nasal bones: the two bones that form the bridge of the nose

Nasal conchae: bones in the nose shaped like scrolls

Vomer bone: the bone that forms the septum of the nose

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Skull

Protects and support the brain, ears, and eyes

Made up of 8 bones: sphenoid, ethmoid, frontal, occipital, 2 paired sets of temporal, and 2 paired sets of parietal bones

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Long Bone

A type of bone that is common in the appendicular skeleton

They are longer than they are wide

They consist of the diaphysis, metaphysis, and epiphysis

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Axial Skeleton
The name given to the main framework of the skeleton, which includes the vertebral column, skull, and rib cage.
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Flashcard Content Overview

Replicas of the human skeleton are more than just excellent Halloween decorations. They also make great teaching tools for studying the human body. That's because no study of anatomy would be complete without an in-depth look at the skeletal system. The human skeleton is made up of over 200 bones, and these flashcards will help you break down the body into regions and review the bones and joints found in each region.

Additional Study

To learn more about the anatomy of bone tissue, please refer to the following lessons:

Front
Back
Axial Skeleton
The name given to the main framework of the skeleton, which includes the vertebral column, skull, and rib cage.
Long Bone

A type of bone that is common in the appendicular skeleton

They are longer than they are wide

They consist of the diaphysis, metaphysis, and epiphysis

Skull

Protects and support the brain, ears, and eyes

Made up of 8 bones: sphenoid, ethmoid, frontal, occipital, 2 paired sets of temporal, and 2 paired sets of parietal bones

Bones of the Nose

Nasal bones: the two bones that form the bridge of the nose

Nasal conchae: bones in the nose shaped like scrolls

Vomer bone: the bone that forms the septum of the nose

Vertebral Column

Also known as the spinal column or backbone

Made up of 33 vertebrae

Separated into five sections: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal

Sacrum

A structure made up of five vertebrae fused together

Found underneath the lumbar vertebrae of the vertebral column

Elbow Joint

A hinge joint formed by the combination of the radius, ulna, and humerus bones

Allows for motion in one directional plane

Clavicle

Also known as the collar bone

Connected to the sternum and the scapula

Connected to the humerus by the scapula

Hip Joint
A ball and socket joint formed where the femur articulates with the pelvis
Knee Joint
A hinge joint formed where the femur articulates with the tibia and the patella
Bones of the Pelvis

Made up of the pelvic region of the spine and three paired hip bones: the pubis, ilium, and ischium

Two sides fuse together at pubic symphysis

Each ilium posteriorly articulates with the sacrum

Synovial Fluid

Produced by the synovial membrane

Lubricates bones that form joints, slowing the degradation of cartilage caused by the friction between moving bones

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