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Divisibility by 2, 3, and 4

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  • 0:03 Divisibility
  • 1:04 By 2
  • 2:36 By 3
  • 3:33 By 4
  • 4:06 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Yuanxin (Amy) Yang Alcocer

Amy has a master's degree in secondary education and has taught math at a public charter high school.

In this video lesson, you will learn what it means to be divisible. Also, you'll see what numbers are divisible by 2, 3, and 4. You will also learn how you can check if something is divisible by these numbers.

Divisibility

What is divisibility? Divisibility is being able to be divided equally by a certain number. Think of sharing a bunch of candies that you have with your friends. If you have 3 friends and 3 candies, then you can give each friend 1 candy. Everyone gets an equal share. In math, we call this divisibility by 3. If you can't give your friends an equal share, then we say we don't have divisibility by 3.

We also use the word 'divisible.' We will usually say that something is divisible by something else. So, we will say that 3 is divisible by 3 because you can divide 3 candies by 3 friends equally. Remember what the symbol looks like for division? Yes, it is a horizontal line with a dot on top and a dot on the bottom. In this video lesson, we will look at what numbers can be divided by 2, 3, and 4. Are you ready to begin?

By 2

Let's stick to our sharing candies with friends example. In this case, divisibility by 2; we have 2 friends that we want to share candies with. Can you think of a number of candies that can be divided equally between these two friends? Is it 2? Yes, if you have 2 candies, you can definitely share the 2 candies equally between your 2 friends.

How many candies would each friend get? 1. So, 2 is divisible by 2, and 2 divided by 2 equals 1 since that is the number of candies that each friend got. Think of splitting the number of candies you have evenly into 2 groups. If you can do that, then the number is divisible by 2.

What's another number that is divisible by 2? Let's try 4. How can you divide four candies equally between 2 friends? Each friend can get 2 candies. So, we have 4 divided by 2 is 2. What other numbers have divisibility by 2? 6, 8, 10, 12, and so on. Do you see a pattern? Yes, each number is the previous number plus 2. You can continue this pattern to find even more numbers that are divisible by 2.

By 3

Let's continue on to the number 3. Now you have 3 friends. How many candies do you need so that you can share them equally between your friends? The first number is 3, since this means that each friend will get 1 candy each. So, 3 is divisible by 3. 3 divided by 3 is 1.

What's another number? 6. How many candies will each friend get? The answer is 2. So, 6 is divisible by 3. 6 divided by 3 is 2. What other numbers are there? 9, 12, 15, 18, and so on. Do you see a pattern here, too? Yes, it is very similar to the pattern for divisibility by 2, except now we are adding 3 to each previous number.

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