Education Portal is now Study.com! Same great content, just under a new name. Learn more

Ground Tissue in Plants: Function, System & Definition

Instructor: Sarah Friedl

Sarah has a Master's degree in Zoology and a Bachelor's in Biology, and has taught college level Physical Science and Biology.

How do plants support and feed themselves? Ground tissue is important in plants because it is responsible for creating food from sunlight, as well helping plants grow longer and stand upright.

We also recommend watching Structure of Plant Stems: Vascular and Ground Tissue and Adipose Tissue: Function, Location & Definition

Tissue Systems and Ground Tissue Defined

Within a plant, there are three tissue systems, each serving important functions for the plant. If we start from the outside of the plant, the first tissue system you would encounter is called the dermal tissue system. This tissue is much like your skin, forming the first line of defense against physical damage and infection from the outside world.

In the very center of the plant, we find the vascular tissue system. This tissue provides support, but it also creates a highway of long-distance transport between the roots and other parts of the plants. Both water and nutrients are transported through the vascular tissue.

The third system is the ground tissue system. This tissue accounts for most of the bulk of the plant and fills the spaces in between the dermal and vascular tissues. The ground tissue has a variety of functions depending on what type of ground tissue it is.

Function

There are three types of ground tissue, and each one has a specific function or set of functions for the plant.

Parenchyma is a very versatile type of ground tissue, and it is responsible for photosynthesis (how a plant makes food from sunlight) and food storage. Parenchyma cells are also responsible for healing in the plant - this tissue can go through cell division and regenerate when needed. You are likely familiar with parenchyma cells, because this is what the pulp in fruit is comprised of.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 10 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In

Start Your Free Trial To Take This Quiz

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 10,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Free 5-day trial
It only takes a few minutes to set up and you can cancel at any time.
Already registered? Login here for access

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 100 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,900 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.