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Health-Related & Skill-Related Physical Fitness

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  • 0:01 What Is Physical Fitness?
  • 0:25 Health-Related…
  • 2:53 Skill-Related Physical…
  • 4:45 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Donna Ricketts

Donna Ricketts is a health educator with 15 years of professional experience designing health and wellness programs for adults and children.

In this lesson, you will learn about the difference between health-related physical fitness and skill-related physical fitness. You will also gain a clear understanding of the characteristics that are health-related or skill-related.

What Is Physical Fitness?

Physical fitness can be defined as a set of characteristics that are either health-related or skill-related. It refers to your ability to perform physical tasks efficiently as it relates to a particular sport or your day-to-day activities. In addition to physical health, being physically fit helps improve your mental, emotional, and social health.

Health-Related Physical Fitness

Health-related physical fitness is primarily associated with disease prevention and functional health. Participating in regular health-related fitness helps you control your weight, prevents diseases and illness, improves your mood, boosts energy, and promotes better sleep.

It is made up of five sections: cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Lets take a closer look at the five sections of health-related fitness:

Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of your heart, blood cells, and lungs to work continuously for extended periods of time. This is how efficiently your body takes in, transports, and uses oxygen while exercising. Having efficient heart and lungs leads to increased energy throughout the day.

Muscular strength is the maximum amount of force a muscle can produce in a single effort or how much you can lift in one attempt. Performing exercises that use your own body weight, free weights, or weights on a machine are excellent ways to develop muscle strength. Having muscular strength will ensure that you have the strength needed to lift a heavy object, for example a box full of books.

Muscular endurance is your ability to contract your muscles several times without excessive fatigue. Another way to think about it is the length of time your muscles can continue to work before tiring. What this means is once you have picked up that heavy box of books, you can then carry that box for a long period of time before you need to take a break.

Flexibility is the range of motion that your joints have during movement. Maintaining flexibility can improve your performance in physical activities in addition to decreasing your risk of injuries by helping your joints move through their full range of motion, therefore, allowing your muscles to work most effectively. Stretching and yoga can be done to help improve your flexibility.

Body composition is the ratio of water, bone, muscle, and fat in the body. A healthy body composition indicates that you may have less risk of developing obesity-related diseases, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and even some cancers.

Two of the ways to measure body composition are body mass index, (BMI), which is a measure of body fat based on height and weight, and the skin fold test, which measures total fat percentages by measuring the layer of fat that is directly under the skin.

Skill-Related Physical Fitness

Skill-related physical fitness is the ability to perform during games and sports; it is also called performance fitness. This type of physical fitness is important for performing the more technical aspects of many sports. There are six skill-related physical fitness sections: agility, balance, coordination, power, reaction time, and speed.

Skill-related fitness activities are designed to improve both fitness and performance. Here are the definitions of the six sections of skill-related fitness:

Agility is the ability to change and control the direction and position of your body while maintaining a constant, rapid motion. A good example would be tennis, where a person is moving around the court quickly to reach the ball in time.

Balance is your ability to control or stabilize your equilibrium while moving or staying still, such as landing after a rebound in basketball or performing a v-sit on the balance beam in gymnastics.

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