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Informational Text: Editorials, Articles, Speeches & More

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  • 0:01 What Is Informational…
  • 0:33 Articles
  • 2:55 Speeches
  • 3:48 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Angela Janovsky

Angela has taught middle and high school English, Social Studies, and Science for seven years. She has a bachelor's degree in psychology and has earned her teaching license.

Informational nonfiction is a large category that includes various types of writing. Learn about two of those types, articles and speeches, in this video lesson.

What Is Informational Nonfiction?

Literature can be divided into two main genres: fiction and nonfiction. Fiction includes all writing created or invented by the author. Nonfiction includes writing based on real-life events. One type of nonfiction is informational nonfiction, which aims to provide unbiased facts.

There are many types of informational nonfiction. Let's take a closer look at two of those types: articles and speeches.

Articles

An article is a broad term that includes many various forms. In general, an article is a piece of writing that provides facts about a subject. In what form an article is published can determine the classification of that article.

The first type of article can appear in an academic journal. An academic journal is a periodical that focuses on a specific academic discipline. In an academic journal, peers within that discipline review the articles and can publish responses or critiques. For example, The British Journal of Psychiatry is a popular academic journal in which numerous psychiatrists can publish their research and experience in the field of psychiatry. Since academic journals contain articles written by professionals, the information within is considered extremely reliable and credible.

A second type of article is one that appears in reference books. A reference book is not meant to be read from beginning to end. Instead, it contains articles with specific information for the reader. The most common forms of reference books are a dictionary, thesaurus, and encyclopedia. You most likely have used these books throughout your schooling.

A third type of article is most likely seen in a newspaper or magazine. Editorials are articles in which the editor writes about his own opinion on a specific topic. The topics can cover a wide variety, all depending on the type of newspaper or magazine in which it will appear. An editor writing an article on how he believes the airports should be closed to anyone from an Ebola hotspot is a great example of an editorial article. Most of the time, editorials contain human-interest stories.

A final type of article is a review article. A review can also appear in any newspaper, magazine, or academic journal. This article features a summary of a topic or the writer's understanding of a topic. In academic journals, review articles are written by experts on the topic; thus their analysis of the topic could be very informative. In newspapers, a review article might be something less scholarly but still valuable. Many review articles in newspapers and magazines feature the writer's analysis and opinion of a specific experience. This could be a review of a musical, a movie, a restaurant, or even a novel.

Speeches

One type of informative nonfiction that does not fall under the articles category is the speech. A speech is a formal address given to an audience. Speeches often center on one specific idea or topic. The purpose of a speech can vary, but the speaker is usually trying to inform his audience in some way.

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