Logical Mathematical Intelligence: Definition & Examples

Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 Puzzles and Numbers
  • 0:17 Howard Gardner's…
  • 1:55 What Is…
  • 2:46 Examples
  • 3:33 Lesson Summary
Create An Account
To Start This Course Today
Used by over 10 million students worldwide
Create An Account
Try it free for 5 days
Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Yolanda Williams

Yolanda has taught college information technology and literacy, and has a master's in counseling psychology and business administration.

What do Albert Einstein, Sherlock Holmes, and Mark Zuckerberg all have in common? They all have logical/mathematical intelligence. Learn more about logical/mathematical intelligence from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.

Puzzles and Numbers

Have you ever been told that you are a very logical person? Maybe you enjoy completing puzzles and solving complex algorithms. Are you good with numbers and mathematical equations? If so, you have demonstrated logical/mathematical intelligence.

Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Traditionally, intelligence has been thought of as a single trait. The idea of multiple intelligences was introduced in 1983 by Howard Gardner, an American developmental psychologist. Gardner proposed that there are eight types of intelligences, each one being independent of the other.

  1. Musical intelligence includes distinguishing between different rhythms and music patterns.
  2. Linguistic intelligence includes the ability to easily acquire different languages, express yourself verbally, and use words to achieve certain goals.
  3. Visual-spatial intelligence includes awareness of patterns and designs in different spaces.
  4. Bodily/kinesthetic intelligence includes knowing how to solve problems using your body and athleticism.
  5. Naturalistic intelligence includes knowledge about your environment and elements in nature.
  6. Interpersonal intelligence includes the ability to understand and interact with other people.
  7. Intrapersonal intelligence includes a high level of self-awareness.
  8. Logical/mathematical intelligence includes the ability to reason and think logically.

When it comes to our level of intelligences, no two people are the same. Our level of intelligence varies for each type. For example, a psychology graduate student may be good at picking up on the emotions and motivation of their clients (interpersonal intelligence) but may dislike the outdoors and know little about their natural environment (naturalistic intelligence).

What Is Logical/Mathematical Intelligence?

Blaise Pascal, Bill Gates, and Sir Isaac Newton are famous people who have high logical/mathematical intelligence. In other words, they are skilled at deductive reasoning, detecting patterns, and logical thinking. People with logical/mathematical intelligence are good at scientific investigations and identifying relationships between different things. They are also good at understanding complex and abstract ideas.

Specifically, people with logical/mathematical intelligence are known to:

  • Be good with numbers
  • Have a good understanding of logical concepts
  • Have above-average reasoning skills
  • Enjoy experiments
  • Enjoy solving puzzles and mysteries
  • Be skilled at manipulating numbers and operations
  • Be skilled at understanding and applying scientific principles

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 10 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 49 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Click "next lesson" whenever you finish a lesson and quiz. Got It
You now have full access to our lessons and courses. Watch the lesson now or keep exploring. Got It
You're 25% of the way through this course! Keep going at this rate,and you'll be done before you know it.
The first step is always the hardest! Congrats on finishing your first lesson.
Way to go! If you watch at least 30 minutes of lessons each day you'll master your goals before you know it.
Congratulations on earning a badge for watching 10 videos but you've only scratched the surface. Keep it up!
You've just watched 20 videos and earned a badge for your accomplishment!
You've just earned a badge for watching 50 different lessons. Keep it up, you're making great progress!
You just watched your 100th video lesson. You have earned a badge for this achievement!
Congratulations! You just finished watching your 200th lesson and earned a badge!
Congratulations! You just finished watching your 300th lesson and earned a badge!
You are a superstar! You have earned the prestigious 500 video lessons watched badge.
Incredible. You have just entered the exclusive club and earned the 1000 videos watched badge.
You have earned a badge for watching 20 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 50 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 100 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 250 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 500 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 1000 minutes of lessons.