Newton's Third Law of Motion: Examples of the Relationship Between Two Forces

  • 0:07 Newton's Third Law of Motion
  • 1:17 Two Forces for Every Object
  • 1:51 Implications
  • 3:03 Machines
  • 3:59 Nature
  • 4:43 Space
Create An Account
To Start This Course Today
Used by over 10 million students worldwide
Create An Account
Try it free for 5 days
Lesson Transcript
Instructor: John Simmons

John has taught college science courses face-to-face and online since 1994 and has a doctorate in physiology.

This lesson describes Netwon's third law of motion. Examples are provided to illustrate how interacting objects experience forces. The lesson explains how objects accelerate as a result of force. Applications of Newton's third law are illustrated in nature, machines, and space.

Newton's Third Law of Motion

When you sit in a chair, the force of gravity is balanced by the force of the chair pushing up
Forces Balanced

When any two objects interact with each other, whether it's direct contact or at a distance, they exert forces upon each other. As you sit in your chair, your body acts on the chair with one force, and the chair reacts on your body with yet another force. This is an example of Newton's third law in action. Newton's third law states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

Two Forces for Every Object

According to Newton's law, interacting objects experience two forces: action and reaction. The size of the forces acting on one object equals the size of the forces acting on the second object. Additionally, the direction of the force on one object is opposite to the direction of the force on the second object. Let's consider a man attempting to lift a really heavy weight. If the man is able to pull up with a force of 100 lbs, then the weights in turn will pull down with a force of 100 lbs.

If a man pulls up a weight with a force of 100 lbs, the weight pulls down with a force of 100 lbs
Third Law

Implications of Newton's Third Law

There are plenty of implications of Newton's third law of motion. Imagine yourself strolling through the woods. Your foot acts on the ground, pushing it backwards. The ground then reacts on your foot, pushing you forward. The force of your leg on the earth is equal to the force of the earth pushing back on you. Additionally, the force of the leg is opposite to the direction of the earth pushing back, thus propelling you forward. Any change in motion is termed acceleration. Therefore, you actually accelerate as you take that first step.

What about the earth? Does the earth accelerate? Any acceleration of the earth will go unnoticed because the earth's mass is so large in comparison to your mass. Acceleration is directly proportional to the force and inversely proportional to the mass of the object. Since the forces are equal and the masses are so incredibly different, the acceleration is incredibly different as well. Now let's talk about how Newton's third law behaves first in machines, and then in nature, and finally in space.

Newton's Law and Machines

First up, machines. Consider a moving car. The spinning wheels push backwards on the road. The road responds with an equal and opposite force, pushing the car forward. Just like in our previous walking example, any movement of the earth is negligible since the earth is so large in comparison with the car.

The recoil that occurs after shooting a gun is due to the third law of motion
Gun Recoil

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 10 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 100 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,900 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Click "next lesson" whenever you finish a lesson and quiz. Got It
You now have full access to our lessons and courses. Watch the lesson now or keep exploring. Got It
You're 25% of the way through this course! Keep going at this rate,and you'll be done before you know it.
The first step is always the hardest! Congrats on finishing your first lesson.
Way to go! If you watch at least 30 minutes of lessons each day you'll master your goals before you know it.
Congratulations on earning a badge for watching 10 videos but you've only scratched the surface. Keep it up!
You've just watched 20 videos and earned a badge for your accomplishment!
You've just earned a badge for watching 50 different lessons. Keep it up, you're making great progress!
You just watched your 100th video lesson. You have earned a badge for this achievement!
Congratulations! You just finished watching your 200th lesson and earned a badge!
Congratulations! You just finished watching your 300th lesson and earned a badge!
You are a superstar! You have earned the prestigious 500 video lessons watched badge.
Incredible. You have just entered the exclusive club and earned the 1000 videos watched badge.
You have earned a badge for watching 20 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 50 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 100 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 250 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 500 minutes of lessons.
You have earned a badge for watching 1000 minutes of lessons.