# Planes of the Human Body: Definition, Anatomy & Diagram

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

### You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
• 0:32 Median and Sagittal Plane
• 1:40 Coronal Plane
• 2:24 Transverse Plane
• 3:04 Why We Use Planes
• 4:18 Lesson Summary
Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!

#### Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem is a doctor of veterinary medicine and has taught science and medicine at the college level.

Learn about the different ways in which your body can be divided or cut up for theoretical and practical purposes as we explore the sagittal plane, transverse plane and coronal plane.

## Different Planes

Planes, trains and automobiles are often cut apart for scraps. They can be cut in many different directions, depending on exactly what it is you're trying to get from them. The same type of concept goes for your body. We can cut it up, metaphorically and realistically, in many different directions. Let's see how we can slice and dice a person and for what important purposes we may sometimes have to do this.

## The Median and Sagittal Plane

One cut, direction or plane - however you want to term it - is known as the median plane. This is a vertical plane that divides the body into equal right and left halves. Basically, we cut the person in a straight, vertical line from the head through the belly button and down to the toes. The median plane, therefore, creates equal right and left halves of our body.

Any vertical plane that is parallel to the median plane is known as the sagittal plane. With that in mind, it should come as no surprise that sometimes the median plane is referenced as the 'midsagittal plane,' and the sagittal planes are sometimes called 'paramedian' planes, as the prefix 'para' refers to something that's side by side or, in our case, parallel to something else.

You can remember what the median plane is by recalling the fact that a highway median - the barrier or strip of land running down the middle of the highway - divides the highway into right and left halves just like the median plane of our body does.

## The Coronal Plane

Another totally different type of cut or plane we can achieve with the body is known as the coronal plane. This is a plane that separates the body into anterior and posterior parts. In essence, this plane intersects the median plane at a 90-degree angle and, therefore, splits the body into front and back halves. This type of division is why the coronal plane is sometimes referred to as the 'frontal plane.'

Hence, it's easy to remember that the frontal plane divides the body into front and, therefore, back parts. Also, the word frontal shares the same two last letters as the word coronal, hence you'll always know they're one and the same.

## The Transverse Plane

Finally, we can also cut the body using the transverse plane. This is a plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions. This plane runs perpendicular to the coronal and median planes and in an upright human is parallel, or horizontal, to the ground. This is why it's also called the 'horizontal plane.'

The transverse plane can be remembered if you remember it is also the horizontal plane. The word 'horizontal' is the key term here. The horizontal plane runs from side to side (or horizontally); hence, it divides your body into top and bottom halves instead.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.

### Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
Back

Back

### Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 79 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

### Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!

#### Explore our library of over 30,000 lessons

Click "next lesson" whenever you finish a lesson and quiz.
You now have full access to our lessons and courses. Watch the lesson now or keep exploring.
You're 25% of the way through this course! Keep going at this rate,and you'll be done before you know it.
1
The first step is always the hardest! Congrats on finishing your first lesson.
5
Way to go! If you watch at least 30 minutes of lessons each day you'll master your goals before you know it.
10
Congratulations on earning a badge for watching 10 videos but you've only scratched the surface. Keep it up!
20
You've just watched 20 videos and earned a badge for your accomplishment!
50
You've just earned a badge for watching 50 different lessons. Keep it up, you're making great progress!
100
You just watched your 100th video lesson. You have earned a badge for this achievement!
200
Congratulations! You just finished watching your 200th lesson and earned a badge!
300
Congratulations! You just finished watching your 300th lesson and earned a badge!
500
You are a superstar! You have earned the prestigious 500 video lessons watched badge.
1K
Incredible. You have just entered the exclusive club and earned the 1000 videos watched badge.
20
You have earned a badge for watching 20 minutes of lessons.
50
You have earned a badge for watching 50 minutes of lessons.
100
You have earned a badge for watching 100 minutes of lessons.
250
You have earned a badge for watching 250 minutes of lessons.
500
You have earned a badge for watching 500 minutes of lessons.
1K
You have earned a badge for watching 1000 minutes of lessons.
Support