Login
Copyright

Scaffolding Teaching Strategies

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: SMART Goals for Students: Definition and Examples

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 What is Instructional…
  • 0:34 How Does it Work?
  • 1:03 Introduction & Guided Practice
  • 2:09 Modeling Instruction &…
  • 3:31 Assessment
  • 3:59 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Marquis Grant
Teachers sometimes use a method of instruction called 'instructional scaffolding.' Learn more about this and how it is used. Examine the different components of instructional scaffolding.

What is Instructional Scaffolding?

Instructional scaffolding is a student-centered approach that gives students more ownership of their learning while gradually decreasing the teacher's role in the process. It allows students to grasp content in small chunks without being overwhelmed. Students receive guidance in the beginning of an assignment. Teacher support slowly decreases as students start to demonstrate mastery. Each phase allows the students to build upon the previous phase, and the teacher becomes more of a facilitator while the students become independent.

How Does It Work?

When teachers scaffold instruction, lessons are divided into several components: an introduction, guided practice, modeling, re-teaching and assessment. Each component is related to a pre-determined goal that is usually established prior to the lesson. The goal should be based on such questions as:

  1. What do students need to know?
  2. How will content be delivered?
  3. What materials and resources will be needed to make the process run smoothly?
  4. How will students demonstrate mastery of content?

Introduction & Guided Practice

The introduction is the very beginning - the point at which the teacher introduces the subject and provides some background of information on the topic. For example, a lesson on whales might be introduced by having students view a video on different whale species. After viewing the video, students can be asked to respond to verbal or written questions about what they learned. As a result, background knowledge has been established, and a foundation has been placed for student learning.

When guiding practice, teachers assist students in the completion of a sample assignment. For example, a teacher might use the read aloud/think aloud strategy to help her students become more proficient readers. As she reads the passage, the teacher stops periodically and asks questions or makes statements about what she has read, such as, I wonder what will happen next or I believe the writer is being sarcastic here. Not only does this allow the students to hear words read fluently, but they are taught how to remain engaged in their reading, which increases their comprehension of what is being read. Guided practice allows teachers to continue to build upon the foundation that has been set.

Modeling Instruction & Re-Teaching

In modeling instruction, the teacher provides a model for how an assignment can be approached. For example, let's say there's a reading assignment of a story about a girl named Rachel. The teacher might help the students along by saying, 'In order to understand the narrator's point of view, first identify words or phrases that reveal any thoughts, feelings or attitudes in the story. Read the paragraph. Highlight any text evidence that suggests how the narrator and her parents feel about her sister Rachel.' This gives the students a model for how they can proceed.

The teacher should refer back to the model as often as possible in order for the students to develop their own independent working skills. Modeling and guided practice are similar, but the two terms should not be confused. With modeling, the teacher's role begins to decrease as the students begin to use the strategies they have learned and apply them independently to assignments.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
I am a teacher
What is your educational goal?
 Back

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Support