Copyright

Special Education and Ecological Assessments

  • 0:07 Special Education and…
  • 0:44 Definition of…
  • 1:38 Information Included
  • 3:30 Use in Individualized…
  • 5:35 Lesson Summary
Create An Account
To Start This Course Today
Used by over 10 million students worldwide
Create An Account
Try it free for 5 days
Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Erin Long-Crowell
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.

Special Education and Ecological Assessments

This is Dave. Dave attends Cornerstone Elementary and is in the second grade. Dave's a pretty smart kid, but he has a behavioral disorder which can adversely affect his educational performance. For example, when Dave first started at Cornerstone, he sometimes acted very inappropriately in certain classes.

However, now that certain adjustments have been made, Dave appears to be much happier overall and behaves more appropriately. This is partly due to the special education ecological assessment that was performed not too long after Dave started.

Definition of Ecological Assessment

An ecological assessment is a comprehensive process in which data is collected about how a child functions in different environments or settings. Sometimes, students eligible for special education perform or behave well in some environments but have difficulty in others. For example, at school, a student may be calm during class time but is always upset in the cafeteria. Our friend Dave was normally very well behaved during math and science class but could act very inappropriately during language and art. Other children even have school phobia, which is an irrational, persistent fear of going to school. These children seem fine at home but consistently become anxious, depressed, or scared every time they have to go to school.

Information Included

Information for an ecological assessment is often obtained through observation. However, information can also be gathered through student records and interviews with the student and his or her family.

Information for Dave's ecological assessment was first collected through observation by a specialist. She observed his behavior in all of his classes and breaks during school and even observed him at home and at the park. Additional information was then collected through interviews with Dave, his parents, and his teachers. The type of information collected in an ecological assessment includes (but is not limited to) information about the physical environment, patterns of behavior and activity, interactions between the authority figure and child, interactions between children, and expectations of the child by parents, teachers, and peers.

An ecological assessment can help determine why the child functions differently in different settings. Maybe he or she misbehaves when the environment is too stimulating, or maybe the expectations of the authority figure are drastically different from one environment to the next. If you remember, Dave used to be very well-behaved during math and science class but could act very inappropriately during language or art class. Dave has a behavioral disorder, and his ecological assessment revealed that he tended to act up during the same time every morning, regardless if he was at school or not. So, his behavior was affected by the time of day instead of a specific environment. Having this information was crucial in determining and accommodating Dave's needs.

Use in Individualized Education Programs

In fact, the completed ecological assessment was used to help create Dave's Individualized Education Program (IEP).

An IEP is used in special education. It's a document that is drawn up and agreed upon by teachers, parents, specialists, and (if possible) the student. The document describes the assessment results and present achievement level of the child, then specifies goals for the school year as well as any support needed to achieve those goals or accommodate any special needs. An IEP for each child is required under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). In other lessons we discuss the IDEA and IEPs in more depth. For now, let's go back to Dave's IEP.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 10 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 100 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,900 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Click "next lesson" whenever you finish a lesson and quiz. Got It
You now have full access to our lessons and courses. Watch the lesson now or keep exploring. Got It
You're 25% of the way through this course! Keep going at this rate,and you'll be done before you know it.
1
The first step is always the hardest! Congrats on finishing your first lesson.
5
Way to go! If you watch at least 30 minutes of lessons each day you'll master your goals before you know it.
10
Congratulations on earning a badge for watching 10 videos but you've only scratched the surface. Keep it up!
20
You've just watched 20 videos and earned a badge for your accomplishment!
50
You've just earned a badge for watching 50 different lessons. Keep it up, you're making great progress!
100
You just watched your 100th video lesson. You have earned a badge for this achievement!
200
Congratulations! You just finished watching your 200th lesson and earned a badge!
300
Congratulations! You just finished watching your 300th lesson and earned a badge!
500
You are a superstar! You have earned the prestigious 500 video lessons watched badge.
1K
Incredible. You have just entered the exclusive club and earned the 1000 videos watched badge.
20
You have earned a badge for watching 20 minutes of lessons.
50
You have earned a badge for watching 50 minutes of lessons.
100
You have earned a badge for watching 100 minutes of lessons.
250
You have earned a badge for watching 250 minutes of lessons.
500
You have earned a badge for watching 500 minutes of lessons.
1K
You have earned a badge for watching 1000 minutes of lessons.