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Types of Scientists: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:01 What is a Scientist?
  • 1:18 Earth Scientists
  • 1:43 Life Scientists
  • 2:07 Physical Scientists
  • 2:34 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Ryan Newton
The world is full of many wonders, and scientists explore and investigate everything around us. In this lesson, we will learn about different types of scientists who work to help us understand the mysteries of our world.

What Is a Scientist?

All scientists wear white coats and look through microscopes in labs all day long, right? Well, not exactly. While it's true that some work in labs with microscopes, there are many other scientists who are out exploring and investigating to learn about all kinds of science.

A scientist is a person who is trained in an area of science and whose job is to do research and solve science problems. Let's just say scientists are very curious about stuff and they want to figure it out. But there's just too much information for one type of scientist, so they have to choose what they are most curious about.

For example, there are scientists who study the rainforest searching for new plants and animals. And there's different scientists who work deep in the ocean observing sharks. And yet another type of scientist who analyzes rocks from the moon so we can learn more about our universe.

There are more than 50 different kinds of scientists! However, all of these scientists work within three main branches of science. The three main branches of science are:

  • Earth science - the study of the Earth and space
  • Life science - the study of all living things
  • Physical science - the study of the physical world around us

Earth Scientists

Earth scientists learn all about the earth and outer space. Some types of earth scientists are:

  • Geologists, who study the earth's materials like rocks and minerals
  • Oceanographers, who study the oceans and their organisms
  • Meteorologists, who investigate the atmosphere and the weather, like the person on the news who tells us about the weather
  • Astronomers, who research about the planets and the universe

Life Scientists

Life scientists help us to understand all the living things on Earth. Different kinds of life scientists include:

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