Login

Types of Workplace Harassment: Verbal, Nonverbal, Physical & Visual

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Quid Pro Quo Harassment: Definition & Examples

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 Sexual Harassment Defined
  • 0:26 Verbal Harassment
  • 1:15 Nonverbal Sexual Harassment
  • 1:37 Visual Sexual Harassment
  • 2:10 Physical Sexual Harassment
  • 2:50 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Shawn Grimsley
Conduct constituting workplace sexual harassment can come in various forms. In this lesson, you'll learn about verbal, nonverbal, physical and visual forms of workplace sexual harassment. A short quiz follows.

Sexual Harassment Defined

Before we identify the forms sexual harassment can take, let's take a moment to define sexual harassment. According to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, sexual harassment includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. Now, let's see the ways this inappropriate conduct can be carried out.

Verbal Harassment

A common form of sexual harassment is verbal. Examples of verbal workplace sexual harassment include:

  • Offensive jokes of a sexual nature or sexist nature
  • Repeated and unwelcomed requests for sexual favors
  • Repeated and unwelcomed requests for dates
  • Excessive and unwelcomed flirting
  • Threats regarding adverse employment action if sexual favors are not granted
  • Unwelcome compliments of a sexual nature

You'll notice that the verbal conduct involves unwelcome conduct that is repetitive and excessive. An isolated verbal incident may not rise to the level of workplace sexual harassment. On the other hand, if a single incident is egregious enough, such as demanding sex to keep a job, one incident is enough for sexual harassment.

Nonverbal Sexual Harassment

As you would probably expect, not all sexual harassment is verbal in nature. Sexual harassment can also occur through nonverbal communication. Nonverbal sexual harassment does not involve oral communication or physical contact. Some examples of nonverbal sexual harassment include lewd or suggestive gesturing, winking and leering.

Visual Sexual Harassment

It should come as no surprise that sexual harassment may derive from visual media. Examples of visual sexual harassment include:

  • Lewd or sexually suggestive pictures
  • Lewd or sexually suggestive videos
  • Offensive jokes of a sexual nature in written or electronic form, such as an email, instant messaging or text messaging
  • Lewd, sexist or other type of written communication of a sexual nature
  • Suggestive 'pinups'
  • Cartoons
  • Sexually-provocative dress

Physical Sexual Harassment

The final form of workplace sexual harassment we'll discuss is physical sexual harassment. Examples of physical sexual harassment include:

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
I am a teacher
What is your educational goal?
 Back

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 10 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Support