Login

What Is the Chicago Citation Style?

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: How to Make a Works Cited Page

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:07 What is Chicago Style?
  • 0:33 Introduction to the…
  • 0:59 What Makes CMS Different?
  • 1:41 Footnotes
  • 3:38 Bibliography
  • 4:40 Lesson Summary
Add to Add to Add to

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Login or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Doresa Jennings

Doresa holds a Ph.D. in Communication Studies.

In this video, we cover the basics of the Chicago Manual of Style. This writing format is popular amongst those in the editing field and may be the preferred style of many professors in technical writing, law, and even some English courses.

What is Chicago Style?

When you hear 'Chicago style,' you may think of pizza, but it's also a formatting framework like APA and MLA. While APA and MLA are the most common types of manuscript formatting found in academic writing, you may run across Chicago style in reviewing articles, and you may be asked to use it as your primary framework, depending on your chosen field of study.

Introduction to the Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style, also known as CMS, covers manuscript preparation and publication, grammar, and documentation. It is a favored formatting style for those in the editing field. What makes CMS so unique is the use of notes, often referred to as footnotes or endnotes when citing sources in the text.

What Makes CMS Different?

CMS is preferred by many because it has built-in flexibility within the style, something appreciated by creative individuals. For instance, margins should be no less than one inch, but no greater than 1.5 inches. So, if 1.3-inch margins tickle your fancy, go for it.

In CMS, you can either use a title page or include the title on the first page of text. If using a title page, the title should be centered a third of the way down on the page. Your name and class information should come several lines later, also centered.

Footnotes

A big part of CMS is the use of notes. The first thing you will include is note numbers. Note numbers should begin with '1' and follow consecutively throughout the paper. In the text, note numbers should be superscripted. Note numbers should be placed in the text directly following the information being cited. Note numbers should be placed after punctuation.

In the notes section, numbers should be full-sized and followed by a period. The first line of a footnote is indented 0.5 inch from the left margin; subsequent lines within a footnote are left flushed.

The footnote should look like the one on your screen.

First, we see the footnote number. Next, we see the author's first and then last name written out. Following the comma, we see the title of the book and in parentheses the place of publication, colon, then publisher and year of the publication for a book. After the parentheses, we see the page number where information we cited can be found on.

Here is what your footnote would look like if you were citing a journal article.

First we see the footnote number, and the number should be full-sized. Next, we have the first and last name of the author. Following the comma, we see the name of the article in quotation marks. Next, we see the title of the journal, followed by the volume number. Following a comma, we have the issue number. In parentheses, we have the year of publication. Finally, we have a colon, then the page number of the article our information was found on.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register for a free trial

Are you a student or a teacher?
I am a teacher
What is your educational goal?
 Back

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it free for 5 days!
Create An Account
Support