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Arizona State Science Standards for 5th Grade

Instructor: Kimberly Elliott

Kimberly teaches college humanities and has a master's degree in humanities.

Under the Arizona Science Standards, teachers and parents alike can expect fifth grade students to deepen their understanding of key scientific disciplines and develop their research skills. Read on for more information about what areas the state science standards address and find useful study resources to help students review information covered in class.

5th Grade Science Standards in Arizona

Arizona Science Standards for fifth grade outline six main areas of study students will encounter over the course of the school year. Three of these areas cover the disciplines of life, physical, and Earth and space science. The remaining three areas address research skills, scientific innovation and the nature of scientific inquiry.

You'll find standards for each of these areas outlined below, along with course links you can use as a supplement to what your child is learning in school or as a full science curriculum for a homeschooler. These interactive resources feature short videos and self-checking quizzes to help your fifth grader master key science concepts.

Life Science

Fifth grade students focus on the various components that make up the human body's muscular, nervous, and skeletal systems in addition to the role of each system. Students are able to name examples of bones that perform the three primary functions of the human skeleton. They are also able to name three types of muscles and give examples of where they can be found in the human body. Finally, students can label the various parts of the nervous system and trace its path through the human body.

Physical Science

In the fifth grade, students learn that all matter consists of molecules, which are made up of even smaller atoms. They also study the various changes that can occur to matter and are able to identify whether these changes are physical or chemical. Furthermore, they understand the difference between mixtures and compounds. Fifth grade students also learn about gravity and friction. They understand how these forces affect an object's mobility through experiments with various simple machines, such as a pulley and a lever.

Earth and Space Science

Students in the fifth grade focus on the Earth and its relative position in the solar system. They explore the concepts of rotation as they relate to day and night. They also observe the lunar phases and are able to describe the visibility of the moon at different times of the lunar cycle. Students can identify the defining characteristics of planets in the solar system and label other objects seen in the night sky, such as asteroids and stars. Finally, students study the history of space exploration and are able to name notable space endeavors.

Inquiry Process

Students will learn to follow the steps in the scientific method. They begin by forming a question and developing a hypothesis. They also learn how to test this hypothesis through experiments and trials, collect experiment data, and analyze the outcomes

History and Nature of Science

Studying historical scientific advancements is the key to understanding current and future developments. Students in the fifth grade learn about scientists and scientific discoveries from the past while also examining how new information contributes to our collective scientific knowledge.

Science in Personal and Social Perspectives

Fifth graders learn how scientific innovation and technology can be used to solve problems. They also focus on developing solutions to address environmental issues.

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