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Georgia High School Biology Standards

Instructor: Shelby Golden
This article covers Georgia's biology standards for high schoolers. Find out what students should learn in biology and access online study options that can help students master these concepts.

Biology Standards in Georgia

Georgia designed its biology curriculum to meet two co-requisite science standards:

  • Characteristics of Science Standards
  • Content Standards

These standards work together, with the Characteristics of Science standards covering the scientific skills students should develop, and the Content standards focusing on the biology facts students will learn in class.

Biology Characteristics of Science Standards

The standards for the Characteristics of Science include:

Habits of Mind

Students will need to work on being curious, honest and skeptical as they study scientific matters. They'll need to understand that multiple explanations are sometimes possible and that new experiments may be needed to completely understand scientific problems. Students will work on using correct procedures, protocols and techniques. They'll focus on creating hypotheses, coming up with scientific procedures, collecting data, building a conclusion and deciding if the conclusion is correct.

In this class, students will work with different kinds of technology. They'll consider the effects of errors, along with the importance of accuracy. They'll use scientific notation and work with quantitative values, along with other mathematical expressions. Students will work on laboratory reports, support their arguments with evidence and take part in group discussions that deal with science.

The Nature of Science

This standard ensures that students learn to understand the universe and universal principles. Students will consider the shifts that have occurred in scientific knowledge, as well as the continuing changes to scientific theory. They'll explore the importance of assessing experiments, data and other scientific activities. The main goal of science will be considered.

Biology Content Standards

Cell organelles, enzymes and macromolecules will be studied in this class. Students will also consider the importance of water. They'll also learn about DNA, RNA, Mendel's laws and how new traits can appear. Both sexual and asexual reproduction will be discussed. Students will learn about DNA technology.

Students will also explore photosynthesis and respiration. They'll focus on the differences found in the six kingdoms, as well as the modern classification systems for living organisms. They'll also study viruses. The different parts of ecosystems will be considered, along with the movement of energy and matter throughout ecosystems. Students will learn how humans impact the environment. They'll also learn about ways that plants and animals adapt in order to survive.

Students will also study the history of the theory of evolution. They'll find out more about biodiversity, rates of evolution, fossils, natural selection and biological resistance. Finally, students will study the biochemical evidence associated with evolution.

Biology Resources

This online high school biology study guide can help students review the information they're learning in class. Students can access these short lessons whenever they want, making it easy to personalize study time. Each lesson includes an interactive quiz that allows students to make sure they understand each topic before they move on. The course is supported by biology experts, who are available to answer any questions that come up.

Kids can also use these biology flashcards to reinforce the concepts they're studying.

Reading Standards

Georgia includes reading standards in all middle and high school level courses, including biology. Students should expect to read books at their grade level, including texts that are informational, technical and fictional. They'll also need to discuss what they read, work on expanding their vocabulary and build a context for what they're reading. Using this course on informational text can help students understand the content of these types of text.

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