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Washington State Science Standards for 2nd Grade

Instructor: Shelby Golden
You can read this article when you're ready to learn about the recent changes to Washington's science standards for 2nd graders. Get information about what students will learn and find out how you can access helpful educational resources.

Second Grade Science Standards in Washington State

Washington recently adopted the Next Generation Science Standards. These standards were designed to help students develop scientific understanding from grade to grade. They focus on four main content areas in 2nd grade: properties and structure of matter, relationships in ecosystems, Earth's systems and processes and engineering design.

Structure and Properties of Matter

Students will learn about the classification of different materials. They'll also study how some properties make certain materials better suited to specific tasks. Kids will focus on ways that smaller objects can be put together to form a variety of larger objects. They'll also explore the chemical reactions caused by heating and cooling different substances.

Kids can learn about some of the effects caused by heat and cold with this lesson on physical change. They can access this online lesson at any time, making it easy for them to review the information they're learning in class.

Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems

In this grade, students will explore the dependence of plants on water and light. They'll also learn about what plants need for pollination. Kids will be able to study the different living creatures that live in the same area. They'll also focus on using designs to communicate.

These short, fun lessons on plants can help students review photosynthesis and plant reproduction. They can complete these lessons at their own pace and even contact experts in plant biology if they're having a hard time understanding this subject.

Earth's Systems

Events that occurred over a long period of time will be considered, along with how wind and water can affect landmasses. Students will also study maps. They'll learn about different bodies of water. Finally, studies will understand why it's important to test different solutions.

This lesson on weathering and erosion can help kids understand the power of wind and water. They can also check out these environmental science lessons to learn about different aquatic ecosystems, such as oceans, lakes and other freshwater environments. Students can check their understanding of what they're studying by completing the short quizzes that go with each of these lessons.

Engineering Design

Studying engineering design allows students to understand how engineering can solve problems. They'll learn to completely understand a problem and to ask questions and gather data to create solutions.

Science and Engineering Practices

The Next Generation Science Standards also include science and engineering practices that students will work on throughout the school year. 2nd graders will learn to:

  • Ask helpful questions
  • Plan and complete investigations
  • Understand data
  • Work with models
  • Gather and use information
  • Come up with explanations and solutions
  • Support arguments with evidence

Students can reinforce these concepts by studying these science basics. They'll be able to review the scientific method, find helpful terms they should know and learn how to complete investigations safely. Kids can review these lessons as many times as they need to throughout the year, in order to ensure that they fully grasp these important topics.

Crosscutting Concepts

Next Generation Science standards also encourage students to focus on certain crosscutting concepts that connect different scientific subjects to one another. These concepts include:

  • Patterns
  • Cause and effect
  • Structure and function
  • Stability and change
  • Energy and matter

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