About This Chapter
19th-Century Russian Realism in Short Stories - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll examine several examples of 19th-century Russian realism in short stories. Our literature instructors guide you through important short stories from influential Russian authors, including Chekhov, Dostoyevsky, Tolstoy and Gogol. Each lesson comes with a short quiz, and we encourage you to take the chapter exam to remember all of the literary concepts you study. The chapter is available whenever you need it, and you can use any computer or mobile device to access these resources. When you're finished with the chapter, you should be equipped to:
- Define the concept of psychological realism in literature
- Identify important Russian short story writers
- Analyze the major themes of Anton Chekhov's ''The Bet''
- Evaluate literary criticism about ''The Bet''
- Assess the literary significance of The Bible
- Understand the life and works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky
- Summarize and analyze Dostoyevsky's ''The Christmas Tree and the Wedding,'' Tolstoy's ''God Sees the Truth But Waits'' and Gogol's ''The Overcoat''
1. Psychological Realism in Literature: Definition & Overview
How would you feel at the loss of a friend, or what would you think about an anonymous gift? Find out why your answers to such questions might be so interesting to writers in this lesson with a definition and some examples of psychological realism.
2. Russian Short Story Writers
Russian literature has a rich history of exemplary literary works. It all starts with Pushkin and proceeds from there. Whether it is Gogol, Chekhov, Bunin, or one of many others, their development of the short story demonstrates why they are considered masters.
3. The Overcoat by Nikolai Gogol: Summary & Analysis
Has an outfit ever made you feel like a new person? If so, you might have more in common with the protagonist of 'The Overcoat' than you may think. Explore this lesson to find a synopsis as well as an analysis of Nikolai Gogol's famous short story!
4. The Bet by Anton Chekhov: Theme & Analysis
Anton Chekhov's 'The Bet' examines the value of life. First, it touches on the question of the morality of capital punishment. Then, the story goes deeper to examine the very meaning of man's existence.
5. The Bet Literary Criticism
A simple wager leads to a quest for purpose in Anton Chekhov's short story 'The Bet.' Chekhov constructs a simple plot through which he explores the philosophical meaning of fulfillment. These qualities exemplify why Chekhov is considered a master of the short story.
6. The Bible and Literature
In this lesson we'll explore the idea of allusions in literature, particularly allusions to the Bible. When we understand the stories in the Bible, we'll recognize references to them in other types of literature we read.
7. Tolstoy's God Sees the Truth But Waits: Symbolism & Analysis
In this lesson, we will analyze some of the symbols from Leo N. Tolstoy's short story 'God Sees the Truth, But Waits.' This is a story about a man who is falsely imprisoned but perseveres in his faith in God.
8. Fyodor Dostoyevsky: Biography, Books & Short Stories
Dostoyevsky's work has been translated into over 150 languages, and his reputation as a literary genius is indisputable. Read the following lesson to learn more about the life and works of this prolific and insightful writer.
9. Dostoyevsky's The Christmas Tree and the Wedding: Summary & Analysis
The unknown narrator of Fyodor Dostoevsky's ''A Christmas Tree and a Wedding'' tells a story about neither of these topics. Instead, the sight of a wedding reminds him of a New Year's party. This in turn comes full circle five years later.
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Other chapters within the English 310: Short Stories course
- Introduction to English 310: Short Stories
- Short Story Analysis
- Historical Precursors to the Short Story
- 19th-Century Romantic Short Stories
- 19th & Early 20th-Century American Naturalist Short Stories
- 19th-Century British Short Stories
- Early 20th-Century Feminist Short Stories
- Post-WWI Short Stories
- Literary Modernist Short Stories
- Short Stories in Multicultural Literature
- Short Stories in Postcolonial Literature