About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school U.S. history material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn high school U.S. history. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the outcomes of key Civil War battles or their effects on the daily lives of civilians in the North and South
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the American Civil War
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the American Civil War chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know; review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the American Civil War chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any American Civil War question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an American Civil War unit of a standard high school U.S. history course. Topics covered include:
- Northern and Southern advantages at the war's outbreak
- The first Battle of Bull Run
- Key Civil War battles in 1862
- The context of the Emancipation Proclamation
- Effects of the war on the economy and everyday life
- Civil War turning points at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg
- General Grant's march toward Richmond
- Sherman's march to the sea
- Lincoln's assassination
- Lee's surrender at Appomattox
1. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
2. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed
Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.
3. Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh
In 1862, the Union put its Anaconda Plan into action, resulting in several critical events: the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (Merrimack), the Battle of Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, and the Battle of Antietam.
4. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
5. How the Civil War Affected the Economy and Everyday Life in the North and South
With the strongest and most productive demographic of society away fighting in the Civil War, the task of running homes, communities, and the nation fell to those who stayed behind. The war on the home front changed their lives forever.
6. Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg
In 1863, three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. Learn about these Civil War turning points in this lesson.
7. End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond
President Lincoln took a gamble and named Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union army. They devised a plan to finally take Richmond and win the war in 1864. In this lesson, learn about General Grant's controversial tactics.
8. Sherman's March to the Sea
In 1864, General William T. Sherman began his Atlanta campaign. His success assured Lincoln's re-election in 1864. Sherman then began his destructive March to the Sea in order to capture Savannah.
9. Lincoln's Assassination and Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
Two of the most eventful weeks in American history took place between April 1 and April 15, 1865, during which Richmond (the capital of the Confederacy) fell, General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse and President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
10. Clara Barton in the Civil War: Facts, Timeline & History
Clara Barton (1821-1912) was a nurse during the American Civil War and the founder of the American Red Cross. Her efforts to alleviate the suffering of others made her one of the most important women of the 19th Century.
11. Dorothea Dix in the Civil War: History, Timeline & Facts
This lesson discusses Dorothea Dix's contributions to the Civil War. Learn more about Dix and the first female volunteer nursing corps in the United States, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
12. Edwin Stanton: Biography & Significance
Edwin Stanton was the Secretary of War from 1862 to 1868. He served under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, and was crucial in helping Lincoln win the Civil War.
13. Eisenhower Doctrine: Definition
In this lesson, you will learn about the Eisenhower Doctrine. You'll find out why President Eisenhower issued this policy, what the policy actually said, and what issues his administration was trying to address with the policy. The lesson will also briefly discuss the effectiveness of the Eisenhower Doctrine.
14. Fighting Joe Hooker: History & Facts
Joseph Hooker (1814-1879) is one of the more famous Union generals of the American Civil War. Most notably, he led the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville, a resounding Confederate victory.
15. Harriet Tubman: Biography, Timeline & Facts
Explore the life and accomplishments of the Civil War humanitarian and spy Harriet Tubman and test your understanding about the history of African Americans in the Civil War.
16. Thomas Hooker: Biography & Facts
Thomas Hooker, a Cambridge-educated Puritan minister from a prominent English family, migrated to America and became known as the 'Father of Connecticut.' Learn how Hooker's religious beliefs and political clout might have had an impact on the U.S. Constitution.
17. Elijah P. Lovejoy the Abolitionist: Quotes & Biography
Elijah P. Lovejoy lived a short life, but he became a martyr in the cause for abolition and free speech. Read this lesson to see how Lovejoy's life and death would inspire many to join the abolitionist cause.
18. Major American Civil War Battles: Timeline & Sites
In this lesson we will learn about major Civil War battles. We will identify their locations and dates, and highlight the central themes and developments associated with them.
19. Andersonville Prison: Facts & Conditions
Many people died on both sides during the Civil War. Not all deaths occurred in battle, however. Prisoners were held captive and died at several prisons, such as Georgia's infamous Andersonville Prison.
20. Asymmetric Warfare: Definition, Tactics & Examples
Not all wars are equal. In this lesson, you are going to see what happens when armies of greatly different character fight each other, and consider how this changes military tactics and ideologies.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 79 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the High School US History: Help and Review course
- First Contacts: Help and Review
- Settling North America: Help and Review
- The Road to Revolution: Help and Review
- The American Revolution: Help and Review
- The Making of a New Nation: Help and Review
- The Virginia Dynasty: Help and Review
- Jacksonian Democracy: Help and Review
- Life in Antebellum America: Help and Review
- Manifest Destiny: Help and Review
- Sectional Crisis: Help and Review
- Reconstruction: Help and Review
- Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization: Help and Review
- The Progressive Era: Help and Review
- American Imperialism: Help and Review
- The Roaring 20s: Help and Review
- The Great Depression: Help and Review
- The US in World War ll: Help and Review
- Post-War World: Help and Review
- The Cold War in America: Help and Review
- Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience: Help and Review
- The 1970s: Help and Review
- The Rise of Political Conservatism: Help and Review
- Contemporary America: Help and Review
- History Resources