About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering human anatomy and physiology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn human anatomy and physiology. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the HPG axis or the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive systems
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive systems
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Anatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Anatomy and Physiology of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive systems. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answer to questions including:
- How does meiosis I reduce the number of chromosomes in a cell?
- How does meiosis II result in four haploid cells?
- Which parts of the male reproductive system are involved in the creation and transport of sperm and seminal fluid?
- What are the functions of the accessory glands of the male reproductive system?
- What are the anatomical structures of the testicles?
- What are the external structures of the male reproductive system?
- How is sperm produced?
- How does sperm travel from the testes to the urethral orifice?
- Which hormones involved in the male reproductive system are produced by the hypothalamic-pituitary gonadal (HPG) axis?
- What are the internal structures of the female reproductive system?
- What are the structures of the uterus and uterine wall?
- What are the external structures of the female reproductive system?
- How are eggs produced?
- Which hormones produced by the HPG axis control the ovarian cycle?
- What are the phases of the ovarian cycle?
- Which hormones are involved in the follicular phase of the ovarian cycle?
- Which hormones are involved in the luteal phase of the ovarian cycle?
- What are the phases of the uterine cycle?
- How does the endometrial tissue change during menses?
- How does the endometrial tissue change during the proliferative phase of the uterine cycle?
- Which endometrial changes are associated with the secretory phase of the uterine cycle?
- How do the brain and ovaries coordinate hormone production so that the ovarian and uterine cycles run smoothly?
- How does the oocyte travel from the ovary to the uterus where it implants?
1. Meiosis I: Reductional Cell Division
How does meiosis keep track of homologs and reduce the genome by half? Know these answers and more as we navigate the steps of meiosis I. This lesson will be tetradical!
2. Meiosis II: Equational Cell Division
Behold round two of meiotic cell division! You'll see how meiosis II keeps the genome intact and gives the final push to produce haploid gametes, which make the world go round.
3. Male Reproductive System: Functions, Organs & Anatomy
Ever wonder what the inside of a male looks like? Find out in this lesson that explores the inner workings of the male reproductive system and the pathway that sperm takes.
4. Male Reproductive System: Accessory Gland Functions
Males require a number of different glands to aid in the production of semen. Find out more about those glands in this lesson covering the male accessory glands.
5. Testicular Anatomy: Structure, Terms & Diagrams
Ever wonder about where sperm is made? Find out in this lesson covering the function and anatomy of the male testes. We'll talk about sperm and testosterone production and how the two work together.
6. Male Reproductive System: External Anatomy
Learn about the structure and function of the external reproductive structures of the male. This includes study of the scrotal sac, the parts of the penis and the erectile tissues.
7. Spermatogenesis: How the Male Reproductive System Produces Sperm
In this lesson, you'll learn the series of steps necessary to produce a fully functional sperm cell. You'll also look at the structure of a sperm cell and see how it's equipped to venture forth into new territory.
8. Sperm's Journey from the Testes to Urethral Orifice
Follow newly created sperm as they make their way from their origin of creation, the male testes, all the way to the exit of the male reproductive tract.
9. The HPG Axis: Hormones of Male Reproduction
Do you know how your body communicates? How does the brain get in touch with other parts of the body? In this lesson, you will learn about how the male's brain uses hormones to communicate to the testes as a way of regulating reproduction.
10. Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy
Ever wonder where a female produces her eggs or how they get from the ovary to the uterus? Find out in this lesson about the internal reproductive anatomy of females.
11. The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts
Learn all about the structure responsible for the development of babies in this lesson on uterine anatomy. Discover the three layers of the uterus and each layer's purpose.
12. External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System
We all know that men and women are different. But just how different are they? Learn a little more about the differences between men and women in this lesson on female external reproductive anatomy.
13. Oogenesis: How the Female Reproductive System Produces Eggs
Did you know that a human female already has all of the oocytes that she will make in her entire life before she is even born? In this lesson, you'll learn how the human body produces an ovum through the process of oogenesis. You'll also learn how polar bodies help to ensure that female gametes are of high quality even though they are not produced in high quantities.
14. HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle
Everything in the female reproductive system is connected. See how the brain interacts with the ovaries during the female's ovarian cycle in this lesson covering the female HPG axis.
15. Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause
Just like the human body has to grow and mature before it is ready to reproduce the female's gamete, the egg also has to grow and mature. This lesson will introduce the process through which that occurs, the ovarian cycle.
16. Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle
The female gamete, the oocyte, grows and matures in a process known as the ovarian cycle. Learn about the first part of the ovarian cycle, the follicular phase, in this lesson.
17. Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle
Each month, the ovaries recruit and mature a subset of oocytes in preparation for ovulation. Learn what happens after ovulation occurs in the second phase of the ovarian cycle, known as the luteal phase.
18. The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes
Just like a woman's ovaries go through the monthly cycle of recruiting eggs, her uterus also goes through a monthly cycle as it prepares for the possible implantation of a fertilized egg. This lesson will introduce you to the phases and hormones of the female's uterine cycle.
19. The Uterine Cycle: Menses
Each month the female's uterus prepares for the potential of pregnancy. However, pregnancy doesn't occur the majority of the time. In those months, the female's uterus has to 'reset' itself for the next month. It does that during the first phase of the uterine cycle, menses.
20. The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase
A woman's body goes through many changes as it prepares for the possibility of pregnancy. Learn about how the uterus prepares for pregnancy by building up its inner lining during this lesson on the proliferative phase of the uterine cycle.
21. The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase
The third (and final) phase of the uterine cycle is the secretory phase. During this phase, the uterine tissue regrowth is completed in preparation for the possibility of pregnancy and the implantation of a fertilized egg.
22. The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus
Without proper communication between the brain, ovaries and uterus, reproduction might not be as efficient. Learn about how these organs work together to ensure the body is ready for reproduction.
23. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes
Follow the female's egg as it leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube on its way to the uterus - all with hopes of meeting up with a male's sperm along the way.
24. Food Aversions During Pregnancy: Definition & Treatment
After completing this lesson, you will have a better understanding of food aversions during pregnancy. A short quiz follows this lesson so that you can test your knowledge.
25. What is Dilation? - Definition & Meaning
Dilation is a key factor in regulating body processes. In this lesson, you will learn the definition of dilation, the purpose of it, and examples of its use in the body.
26. What Is the Uterine Cavity? - Size & Definition
The uterus is a key structure in reproduction and fetal development. The uterine cavity, found in the uterus, is a major player in these processes. Let's discuss the structure and functions of the uterine cavity in the female reproductive system.
27. What Is the Uterus? - Function, Operation & Definition
This lesson will define the human uterus in terms of its anatomical features and location in the body. Also, the general function and operation of the uterus will be described as it relates to the human reproductive cycle. A short quiz will follow.
28. HELLP Syndrome: Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
HELLP is an acronym to describe a series of symptoms that affect a very small percentage of pregnant women. The symptoms of HELLP syndrome are potentially life-threatening to the mother and unborn baby. Learn what HELLP syndrome is and what the treatment is for it.
29. Misoprostol: Uses & Side Effects
This lesson will familiarize you with the drug misoprostol, its only approved use to prevent stomach ulcers and the alternative uses in pregnancy that are more commonly known but also dangerous.
30. Multipara: Definition & Risks
Multipara is a term that describes the number of pregnancies and children a woman has had. Learn more about what multipara means and its associated risks.
31. What Is a Hysterectomy? - Definition, Procedure, Complications & Side Effects
In this lesson you will learn about a surgical procedure known as a hysterectomy, which involves the removal of a woman's uterus. This lesson will also discuss the reasons one might need to undergo this procedure, and it will be followed with a short quiz.
32. What Is Abstinence? - Definition & Facts
In this lesson, you will learn about a medical term called abstinence. We will also learn facts, surrounding the practice of abstinence, in relation to sexuality, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections.
33. What Is Amenorrhea? - Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
After completing this lesson, you will be able to define amenorrhea and describe its causes, symptoms and treatment. A short quiz follows the lesson to test your new knowledge.
34. What Is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)? - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a medical condition that causes an enlargement of the prostate gland. This lesson will discuss this condition and its causes, symptoms and treatment options.
35. What Is Chloasma? - Definition, Causes & Treatment
Upon completion of this lesson, you should be able to define what chloasma is, identify what causes this condition, and describe treatment options. A short quiz follows the lesson.
36. What Is Colostrum? - Definition, Benefits & Side Effects
Did you know colostrum can be taken as a supplement to help boost immunity and may even make you a better athlete? Learn more about colostrum, its benefits and its side effects in this lesson.
37. What Is Dysmenorrhea? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
In this lesson, you will learn about dysmenorrhea, which many women experience around the time of their menstrual cycles. Discover the symptoms and treatment methods associated with dysmenorrhea and test your knowledge with a quiz.
38. What Is Dyspareunia? - Definition, Causes & Treatment
Pain during sexual intercourse is quite the opposite of what nature intended. Why does it happen? Does it happen more often in men or women? And what can be done about it? This lesson answers all of these questions.
39. What Is Eclampsia? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
Eclampsia is a very serious complication of pregnancy involving seizures and convulsions. Learn more about the definition, symptoms and treatment, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
40. What Is Ectopic Pregnancy? - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
Many women get pregnant every day around the world. Occasionally, something goes wrong at the very beginning of pregnancy, which causes the fertilized egg to not implant in the uterus. Learn what ectopic pregnancy is and what the symptoms, causes and treatments are for it.
41. What Is Gynecomastia? - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
After completing this lesson, you will be able to describe gynecomastia, including its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. A short quiz follows the lesson so that you can test your new knowledge.
42. What Is Mammography? - Definition & History
Ever wonder what a mammogram machine does and who would think to invent it? If so, you came to the right place. This article details what mammography is and the history behind this great advancement for breast health.
43. What Is Menarche? - Definition, Age & Growth
After completing this lesson, you will be able to describe menarche, including the normal growth and development pattern associated with puberty. A short quiz follows this lesson so that you can test your new knowledge.
44. What is Menopause? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
Menopause occurs in women after their menstrual cycle ends, and it marks the end of their child-bearing years. Though it is a natural process, read this lesson to learn about symptoms and possible treatment options to alleviate symptoms.
45. What Is PID? - Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
In this lesson, we'll discuss what pelvic inflammatory disease is, situations that can lead to the disease, what it looks and feels like, and how it is treated. Potential complications are also briefly discussed.
46. What Is PSA? - Definition, Test & Normal Levels
In this lesson, we will learn about the prostate gland in men. We will briefly discuss prostate cancer and review how to screen for prostate cancer with the use of PSA testing.
47. Testicular Cancer: Symptoms, Treatment & Causes
Did you know that most testicular cancers can be cured with the proper treatment? Learn more about testicular cancer, its causes, and more, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
48. Adnexa Uteri: Definition & Functions
This lesson is going to give you a working definition of adnexa uteri and the parts that make up the adnexa uteri. We will also discuss the various functions of these parts and what they do in the body.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 79 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Human Anatomy & Physiology: Help and Review course
- Inorganic Chemistry in Anatomy and Physiology: Help and Review
- Organic Molecules in Anatomy and Physiology: Help and Review
- Biochemistry in Anatomy and Physiology: Help and Review
- Basic Anatomy and Cell Biology: Help and Review
- Respiratory System: Help and Review
- Cardiovascular System: Help and Review
- Blood Vessels: Help and Review
- Digestive System: Help and Review
- Urinary System: Help and Review
- Endocrine System: Help and Review
- The Brain: Help and Review
- The Nervous System at the Cellular Level: Help and Review
- The Five Senses: Help and Review
- Muscular System: Help and Review
- Gross Anatomy of Muscular System: Help and Review
- Connective Tissue: Help and Review
- Skeletal System: Help and Review
- Early Development to Childbirth: Help and Review