Login
Copyright

Ch 9: Anthropology & Ancient History: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Anthropology and Ancient History chapter of this General Anthropology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master an understanding of anthropology and ancient history. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of anthropology and ancient history.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help understanding general anthropology material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding archaeological methods and tools or anthropology.
  • Need an efficient way to learn about anthropology and ancient history.
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
  • Missed class time and need to catch up.
  • Can't access extra anthropology resources at school.

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Anthropology and Ancient History chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Anthropology and Ancient History chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:

  • What are some of the techniques and tools used in archaeology?
  • How do historic and prehistoric methodologies differ?
  • What are some of the unique features of Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic archaeology?
  • Why is the Fertile Crescent known as the 'Cradle of Civilization'?
  • How have human tools evolved over time?
  • What are some of the unique features of Sumerian art and architecture?
  • What advances in metallurgy occurred during the Iron and Bronze Ages?
  • How did the alphabet evolve in ancient times?

18 Lessons in Chapter 9: Anthropology & Ancient History: Help and Review
Tools and Techniques Used in Archaeology

1. Tools and Techniques Used in Archaeology

Today's lesson will explain the archaeological techniques of reconnaissance, survey, and excavation. In doing this, it will highlight the terms, artifacts, site mapping, pedestrian survey, and the different types of excavation.

Archaeological Methodology: Prehistoric and Historic Inquiry

2. Archaeological Methodology: Prehistoric and Historic Inquiry

This lesson will seek to explain the science of archaeological anthropology. In doing so, it will highlight the categories of prehistoric and historical archaeology, as well as define artifacts.

Historical Change: Causes and Effects

3. Historical Change: Causes and Effects

In this lesson, we will examine historical change. We will learn what factors contribute to historical change and see how historical change is perceived through different classifications.

What is Paleolithic Archaeology?

4. What is Paleolithic Archaeology?

Today's lesson will seek to explain Paleolithic archaeology and its theories. In doing so, it will highlight the use of pebble tools as well as the nomadic hunter-gathering lifestyle of the Paleolithic man.

Understanding the Evolution of Human Tools

5. Understanding the Evolution of Human Tools

This lesson will seek to explain the use of tools during the Stone Ages. In doing this, it will highlight flake tools, Clovis points, Folsom points and the archaeological theories surrounding all three.

Stone Tool Industries of the Paleolithic Age

6. Stone Tool Industries of the Paleolithic Age

This lesson will explain the different stone industries of the Paleolithic Age. In doing so, it will highlight the Oldowan industry, the Acheulian industry, the Clactonian industry, and the Mousterian industry and their corresponding tools.

An Overview of Mesolithic Archaeology

7. An Overview of Mesolithic Archaeology

This lesson will seek to explain archaeological theories concerning the Mesolithic Age. In doing so, it will highlight microliths, the nomadic lifestyle, the hunter-gatherer lifestyle, and the use of radioactive carbon dating.

Understanding Neolithic Archaeology

8. Understanding Neolithic Archaeology

This lesson will explain archaeology's understanding of the Neolithic Age. In doing so, it will highlight the use of polished stone, the onset of agriculture, the Neolithic Revolution, and social stratification.

The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

9. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.

Sumerian Art and Architecture

10. Sumerian Art and Architecture

This lesson explores the artwork of one of the earliest civilizations: the Sumerians. Sumerians created beautiful works of art that inspired other cultures for centuries after their decline.

Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

11. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.

Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications

12. Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications

This lecture discusses the need for law and the benefits of a judicial system. Next, it reviews the history of early law codes, like those of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi. Finally, we look at the implications of law for kings.

The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

13. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.

Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

14. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.

Iron vs. Bronze: History of Metallurgy

15. Iron vs. Bronze: History of Metallurgy

This lecture explores the transition from the bronze age to the iron age. The difficulties of working with iron are enumerated. The properties of iron and steel are compared to those of bronze. Finally the implications for this transition on civilization are considered.

Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

16. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.

History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing

17. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing

This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.

What Do Archaeologists Study? - Definition & Types

18. What Do Archaeologists Study? - Definition & Types

Learn about the field of archaeology, all of its branches, and how it has helped us to learn and understand more about the human past. After the lesson, take the quiz and see what you've learned.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support