About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering AP Biology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn AP Biology. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding carbohydrates, proteins and organic chemistry
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about organic chemistry
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the organic chemistry chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the organic chemistry chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any organic chemistry question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an organic chemistry unit of a standard AP Biology course. Topics covered include:
- Organic molecules
- Amino acids
- Peptide bonds and polymerization
- Primary, secondary, quaternary and tertiary structures
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
4. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
5. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
6. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.
7. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
8. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
9. Amylose: Structure, Formula & Function
Have you ever thought about amylose when eating a potato or munching on cereal? Well, then you're doing this important molecule a disservice. In this lesson, learn more about the amylose in our food, including its structure, formula, and function.
10. Saturated Hydrocarbon: Definition & Examples
Hydrocarbons come in two varieties: saturated and unsaturated. In this lesson, you'll learn about saturated hydrocarbons and how to identify them. You'll also have the chance to test your new knowledge of hydrocarbons with a brief quiz.
11. What is Ether? - Definition, Uses, Effects & Formula
This lesson is on ether, a chemical used in medicine and industry. Here, we'll talk about what ether actually is and learn about its chemical properties. We'll also explore the historical and current uses for ether.
12. Peripheral Proteins: Definition & Function
The cell's membrane is made of a variety of lipids and proteins. In this lesson, we will focus on the roles the peripheral proteins play in the cell and in human diseases.
13. Polysaccharide: Definition & Examples
Ever wonder what a polysaccharide is and why it's important? This lesson answers those questions, giving you everyday examples and relating their importance to your life.
14. Secretin: Definition & Function
This lesson is about secretin, an important hormone in the body. We will discuss what secretin is, how the body naturally uses secretin, and how doctors utilize secretin to diagnose diseases.
15. Aldose vs. Ketose Sugars
Aldose and ketose sugars are carbohydrate molecules distinctly different from one another. In this lesson, you'll learn about these sugars, discovering their unique characteristics and structure.
16. Chemical Properties of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates provide energy for cells to do work. This lesson will discuss what different carbohydrates are made of and what their purpose is. The chemical properties of these carbohydrates help them to be easily used by cells to perform work.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 79 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP Biology: Help and Review course
- AP Biology - Science Basics: Help and Review
- AP Biology - The Origin of Life on Earth: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Evolution: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Inorganic Chemistry: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Enzymatic Biochemistry: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Cell Biology: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Requirements of Biological Systems: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Cell Division: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Metabolic Biochemistry: Help and Review
- AP Biology - DNA and RNA: Help and Review
- AP Biology - DNA Replication: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Transcription and Translation: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Genetics and Heredity: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Genetic Mutations: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Classification of Organisms: Help & Review
- AP Biology - Plant Biology: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Plant Reproduction and Growth: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Animal Reproduction and Development: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Reproductive Systems: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Circulatory & Respiratory Systems: Help & Review
- AP Biology - Nervous & Endocrine Systems: Help & Review
- AP Biology - Ecology: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Animal Behavior: Help and Review
- Laboratory Techniques in Molecular Biology: Help & Review
- AP Biology - Laboratory: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Analyzing Scientific Data: Help and Review
- AP Biology - Basic Molecular Biology Lab Techniques: Help and Review