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Ch 4: AP English: Poetry

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to learn the elements of poems and how to perform poetry analysis. Gauge your understanding of this chapter's material by taking the quiz accompanying each lesson.

AP English: Poetry - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

From the simple rhymes of childhood to the thought-provoking and challenging works found in high school literature books, you've likely been exposed to numerous forms of poetry throughout your life. So how you would you define poetry? What separates lines of prose from lines of a poem? In this chapter, you will explore the elements that define poetry and also learn how to analyze poems' themes and language choices. By the time you complete the lessons, you'll know about topics such as:

  • How rhythm, sounds and rhymes impact poems
  • What stanzas are
  • How to analyze a poem's mood, emotion and themes
  • What the difference between similes and metaphors are
  • How imagery and symbolism are used in poetry
  • What figurative language is

VideoObjective
Elements of Poetry: Rhymes & SoundsDiscover the effect of sounds and rhymes in poems.
Elements of Poetry: RhythmExplore the role of rhythm as a key element of poetry.
How to Analyze Emotion in PoetryExamine how writers create emotion in their poems.
What is a Stanza in Poetry? - Definition, Examples & QuizLearn about the structure and function of stanzas in poetry.
Similes, Metaphors & Personification in PoetryTake a look at the uses and impact of similes, metaphors and personification in poems.
Imagery, Symbolism & Juxtaposition in PoetryStudy the uses and effects of symbolism, imagery and juxtaposition in poems.
Understanding Figurative Language in PoetryFind out how to analyze and make inferences using a poem's figurative language.
Inferring Mood in PoetryExamine ways to analyze a poem to determine the writer's intended mood.
Interpreting a Poem's Main Idea & ThemeExplore how to find the themes and main ideas in poems.
End Rhyme in Poetry: Definition, Examples & Quiz Examine examples of end rhyme in poetry.
Prose Poems: Definition & Famous Examples Define prose poems and look over various examples.

11 Lessons in Chapter 4: AP English: Poetry
Elements of Poetry: Rhymes & Sounds

1. Elements of Poetry: Rhymes & Sounds

Many poems rhyme, but there is often more going on in terms of the sounds of the words than just what happens at the ends of the lines. This lesson explores some of the nuances of rhyme and sound in poetry.

Elements of Poetry: Rhythm

2. Elements of Poetry: Rhythm

Poetry often has a defined beat or rhythm. In this lesson, you'll review the most common forms of poetic rhythm before diving deeper into how those rhythms influence the overall effect of the poem.

How to Analyze Emotion in Poetry

3. How to Analyze Emotion in Poetry

Poetry often begins with emotion and finishes with profound insights about human nature. In this lesson, you'll learn how to recognize emotion in poems. By understanding those feelings, you'll gain a broader understanding of literature.

What is a Stanza in Poetry? - Definition & Examples

4. What is a Stanza in Poetry? - Definition & Examples

Want to find out what poems and houses have in common? In this lesson, we'll explore the 'rooms' that stanzas create in poetry, drawing on examples from Gwendolyn Brooks, Robert Frost, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Elizabeth Bishop, and Lord Byron.

Similes, Metaphors & Personification in Poetry

5. Similes, Metaphors & Personification in Poetry

Comparison is the basis of figurative language, and the most common forms of poetic comparison are simile, metaphor, and personification. In this lesson, you'll define all three terms and see several examples of each.

Imagery, Symbolism & Juxtaposition in Poetry

6. Imagery, Symbolism & Juxtaposition in Poetry

Poetry is a dense and rich form of literature. In this lesson you'll learn about how imagery, symbolism, and juxtaposition work to add depth to poetry. You'll also learn some tips for taking the AP Literature exam.

Understanding Figurative Language in Poetry

7. Understanding Figurative Language in Poetry

Poetry is difficult to define, but there's one characteristic that most poems share - figurative language. In this lesson, you'll learn how to identify and draw inferences from figurative language.

Inferring Mood in Poetry

8. Inferring Mood in Poetry

Poets have a variety of tools to use to create mood. In this lesson, you'll learn about three of these tools and how you can use that knowledge to infer mood. You'll also learn how this skill applies specifically to the AP Literature exam.

Interpreting a Poem's Main Idea & Theme

9. Interpreting a Poem's Main Idea & Theme

Many poems have both a main idea and a theme. In this lesson, you'll learn techniques for finding both in poetry by studying a sample poem. Afterward, you can test your understanding with a short quiz.

End Rhyme in Poetry: Definition & Examples

10. End Rhyme in Poetry: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we will define end rhyme. We will also cover why some poets and songwriters choose to use it. Then, we will identify examples of end rhyme by looking at stanzas from classic poems and from a popular nursery rhyme.

Prose Poems: Definition & Famous Examples

11. Prose Poems: Definition & Famous Examples

What exactly is a prose poem? In this lesson, we will define prose poems, analyze characteristics of prose poetry, and learn about a few famous examples. We will wrap up the lesson with a short quiz to test our knowledge.

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