About This Chapter
AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In the 19th century, many countries began to react against the status quo, from absolute rulers to occupying empires. In this chapter, you'll learn about how countries like Greece, Russia, and England dealt with revolutions. Our instructors have broken down this chapter into smaller lessons that focus on one country's rebellions or topics like social reform during this time. You'll see both the individual wars that were fought and the larger impact of the Restoration across Europe. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- About the revolutions in Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, Russia, France, and Great Britain
- How society and ideals were changing
- Where European countries exerted colonial power
- The impact of the Restoration on the continent as a whole
|Restoring Europe After the Fall of Napoleon||Take a look at what happened during the Congress of Vienna to restore Europe after the Napoleonic Wars and other issues.|
|Competing Ideologies During the Restoration: Conservatism, Nationalism, Liberalism, and Socialism||Understand how people began to think differently after the wars over the throne in Great Britain.|
|Political Restoration and Reform in Europe||Explore the new powers in Europe, who returned to which throne, and how society changed.|
|Revolutionary Movements: Portugal and Spain||Examine the troubles that these two countries faced following the Restoration.|
|Revolutionary Movements: Italy||Learn how the competing Italian city-states formed into the country we know today.|
|Revolutionary Movements: Greece||Take a look at how Greece fought against the Ottoman Empire for independence.|
|Revolutionary Movements: Russia||Explore the movement of modernization in Russia and how the autocracy crushed this rebellion.|
|Revolutionary Movements: Great Britain||Examine the relationship between Ireland and England in this time of nationalistic pride.|
|The Revolutions of 1848: France, the German and Italian States, and Russia and Great Britain||Learn how nationalism took hold in many parts of Europe and led to popular uprisings across the continent.|
|Colonialism Across Europe||Understand which European countries went into and took over lands and peoples in Africa, Asia, and the Americas.|
|The Crimean War (1854-1856)||Take a look at this war between the Russian Empire and the alliance of France, Britain, and the Ottoman Empire.|
1. Europe After Napoleon: Restoration & the Balance of Power
In this lesson, we explore the end of Napoleon and the French Empire's control of Europe. We'll also look at the resulting settlement the European powers hoped would create a sustainable peace.
2. Competing Ideologies During the Restoration: Conservatism & Nationalism
In this lesson, we explore the competing political ideologies of conservatism and nationalism during the 19th century and discuss a few events that exemplified this clash.
3. Competing Ideologies During the Restoration: Liberalism & Socialism
In this lesson, we explore the competing political and economic ideologies that motivated many reform movements in 19th-century Europe: liberalism and socialism.
4. Political Restoration and Reform in Europe
In this lesson, we explore the major changes that were made to the boundaries and political apparatuses in European states after the fall of Napoleon, most notably in the German lands and in the Low Countries.
5. Central European Revolutions of 1848: History, Causes & Effects
This lesson explores the Central European revolutions of 1848. In doing so, it will highlight the nationalist movements across Germany, Austria, and Italy. It will also signify the revolution in France as the catalyst for this historic year.
6. Revolutionary Movements of Portugal and Spain: Political & Economic Developments
In this lesson we explore the revolutionary movements in both Spain and Portugal in the 19th century and the long struggle between liberal revolutionaries and the traditional monarchies.
7. Revolutionary Movements of Italy and Greece: Movements, Unification & Modernization
In this lesson, we examine the revolutionary and nationalist movements in Italy and Greece. We'll also look at the obstacles both states had to overcome to become internationally recognized nations.
8. Revolutionary Movements of Russia: Political, Economic & Social Reform
In this lesson, we'll explore the tumultuous domestic history of 19th-century Russia, where czars opposed radical nationalists and periods of liberal reform alternated with periods of violent political suppression.
9. Political & Economic Reform in 19th-century Britain
In this lesson, we explore the political, social, and economic reform that was enacted in Great Britain during the 19th century in response to the overwhelming pressures placed on British society by the Industrial Revolution.
10. The French Revolution of 1848: History, Causes & Events
This lesson will explore the French Revolution of 1848 that led to the eventual rise of Napoleon Bonaparte III. It will highlight the revolution of the bourgeoisie while also explaining the conflict of the middle classes known as June Days.
11. Colonialism Across Europe
In the late 1400s, European explorers learned how to cross the Atlantic Ocean. This lesson explores the impact of the colonization of the Americas by Europeans and the reasons they emigrated.
12. The Crimean War: Summary, Causes & Effects
In this lesson, we explore the Crimean War of 1854-1856 between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, France, and Great Britain. It is often considered one of the more bungled military campaigns in recent Western history.
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Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay