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Ch 23: AP European History: Cold War Europe

About This Chapter

Watch online history video lessons and learn about NATO, the partition of Germany, the theory of containment and more. These lessons are just a portion of our AP European History course on Cold War Europe.

AP European History: Cold War Europe - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Follow up your study of World War II by tracing the rising tensions between two emerging superpowers as they attempted to wield their influence in developing nations. You can also use the lessons to compare and contrast reconstruction strategies and post-war politics in Eastern and Western Europe. This chapter is designed to help you understand the following:

  • Causes of conflict between the Soviet Union and the U.S.
  • Policies designed to prevent the spread of Communism
  • Soviet influence and politics in Eastern Europe
  • Western Europe's political and economic reconstruction

Video Objectives
Tension Between the U.S. and the Soviets: Wars, Confrontations & the Cold War Examine proxy wars, the Cuban missile crisis and other confrontations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
The Theory of Containment & the Birth of NATO Explain the theory of containment as it concerns Communism and outline the birth of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe Describe Soviet policy in Warsaw Pact states, such as East Germany, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary.
Post-War Great Britain: Reforms, Industry & Economy Explain the social reforms, nationalization of industry and economic decline characteristic of Great Britain during the Cold War period.
Post-War Poland: Soviet Occupation, Social Unrest & Economic Depression Highlight significant political, social and economic developments occurring in Poland immediately after WWII and during the Cold War.
Post-War Czechoslovakia: Politics, Economy & Soviet Influence Analyze the impact of the Soviet Union on Czechoslovakia's politics and economy at the end of WWII and in the Cold War era.
Post-War Yugoslavia: New Name, Government & Republics Recognize the forms of government found in the social republics making up Yugoslavia after the conclusion of WWII and during the Cold War.
Decolonization and Nationalism in Israel, Egypt, Africa, Indonesia, Vietnam & Algeria Identify factors bringing about the decolonization and growth of nationalism in Africa and Asia.
Post-War France: Politics, Economy & Rebuilding Explore Cold War era political and economic developments in France.
Post-War Italy: New Republic and Social & Economic Rebuilding Examine political and economic developments in Italy during the Cold War.
Post-War Germany: Politics, Developments & Partitioning Describe the partitioning of Germany and compare the subsequent development of East and West Germany.
The Troubles in Ireland and Bloody Sunday Outline the events leading up to Bloody Sunday and discuss the aftermath of this incident.
Nikita Khrushchev: Life, Achievements & Policies Survey the life and political developments of Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev.

14 Lessons in Chapter 23: AP European History: Cold War Europe
Tension Between the US and the Soviets: Wars, Confrontations & the Cold War

1. Tension Between the US and the Soviets: Wars, Confrontations & the Cold War

In this lesson, we explore the causes and factors that led to increased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union after WWII, and to the incidents that almost led to all out war.

The Theory of Containment & the Birth of NATO

2. The Theory of Containment & the Birth of NATO

In this lesson, we explore the foreign policy of the U.S. and Western Europe directly after WWII. We will look at its theory of containment regarding communism, and the birth of NATO.

Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe

3. Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe

In this lesson, we explore the post-World War II settlement of Eastern Europe, and the subsequent Soviet domination of governments in Eastern Europe, as well as the creation of the Warsaw Pact.

Post-war Great Britain: Reforms, Industry & Economy

4. Post-war Great Britain: Reforms, Industry & Economy

In this lesson, we explore the political developments in Great Britain after World War II and the development of the British welfare state under the direction of the Labour Party and Clement Attlee.

Post-war Poland: Soviet Occupation, Social Unrest & Economic Depression

5. Post-war Poland: Soviet Occupation, Social Unrest & Economic Depression

In this lesson, we explore the history of Poland after WWII, from its occupation by the Soviet Union and subsequent Soviet influence upon Polish government to the Solidarity movement and Lech Walesa.

Post-war Czechoslovakia: Politics, Economy & Soviet Influence

6. Post-war Czechoslovakia: Politics, Economy & Soviet Influence

In this lesson, we explore the history and politics of Czechoslovakia from World War II until the country's eventual dissolution only a few short years after the fall of communism and the removal of Soviet influence.

Post-war Yugoslavia: New Name, Government & Republics

7. Post-war Yugoslavia: New Name, Government & Republics

In this lesson, we explore the rise of communism in Yugoslavia after the expulsion of the German invaders after WWII. We'll then look at its subsequent problems with ethnic violence and its eventual dissolution in the 1990s.

Decolonization and Nationalism in Israel, Egypt, Africa & Algeria

8. Decolonization and Nationalism in Israel, Egypt, Africa & Algeria

In this lesson, we explore the concepts of nationalism and national self-determination and how they affected the decolonization of the Middle East and Africa in the second half of the 20th century.

Decolonization and Nationalism in Indonesia, Vietnam, India & Pakistan

9. Decolonization and Nationalism in Indonesia, Vietnam, India & Pakistan

In this lesson, we explore the nature of nationalism in the colonial world and its various manifestations in South and Southeast Asia during the second half of the 20th century.

Post-war France: Politics, Economy & Rebuilding

10. Post-war France: Politics, Economy & Rebuilding

In this lesson, we explore the rebuilding of the entirety of French society in the decades after World War II, from the economic recovery aided greatly by the United States to the changes in the structure of French government.

Post-war Italy: New Republic and Social & Economic Rebuilding

11. Post-war Italy: New Republic and Social & Economic Rebuilding

In this lesson we explore the post-WWII rebuilding of the Italian economy, the restructuring of its fundamental political structures, and its close partnership with the U.S. in the Cold War world.

Post-war Germany: Politics, Developments & Partitioning

12. Post-war Germany: Politics, Developments & Partitioning

In this lesson, we explore Germany after the end of World War II, from its partitioning due to its part on the front line of the Cold War to its eventual reunification in 1990.

The Troubles in Ireland and Bloody Sunday

13. The Troubles in Ireland and Bloody Sunday

In this lesson, we explore the centuries-old rivalry between Catholics and Protestants in Ireland and the political and military struggle for the six northernmost counties in Ireland during the thirty-year period known as 'The Troubles.'

Nikita Khrushchev: Life, Achievements & Policies

14. Nikita Khrushchev: Life, Achievements & Policies

In this lesson, we explore the life and career of Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev. The country's leader after the death of Joseph Stalin, Khrushchev implemented several domestic reforms while also standing toe-to-toe with the West.

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