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Ch 3: AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons about the Reformation and learn about the 95 Theses, John Calvin, radical reform, and more. These lessons are just a portion of our AP European History course.

AP European History: Reformation Roots and Teachings - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Though the Catholic Church had ruled much of Europe for centuries, people in the 16th century began to be dissatisfied with papal authority and Catholic doctrine. In this chapter, you'll learn about the writings and events that led up to the Protestant Reformation. Our instructors have divided this chapter into smaller lessons so you can learn about what the Catholic Church was like before the Reformation and why people wanted a different type of religion. You'll learn about the important figures in the Reformation and how they changed the prevailing religious thought of the time. This chapter is designed to teach you:

  • How the Catholic Church exerted its power
  • What Luther objected to in his 95 Theses
  • What reformers wrote and believed
  • How religious thought changed due to the Reformation

VideoObjective
The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of LatinLearn how the Church made concessions to the commoners by allowing the Bible to be translated from Latin.
The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and PracticesGet an overview of the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church prior to the Reformation.
Martin Luther, the 95 Theses, and the Birth of the Protestant ReformationUnderstand the writings of Luther and how he sparked a revolution.
Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer and Northern European ArtistsTake a look at the art of Durer and how aspects of the Reformation spilled into art during this time.
Radical Reformation: Anabaptists and AntitrinitariansExplore these two distinct sects and how they departed from both Catholic and Protestant thought and doctrine.
Ulrich Zwingli and John CalvinStudy the teachings and influence of these two figures of the Reformation, particularly their impact in Switzerland.
The Reformers and the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the ReformationExamine the major principles underlying the different faiths by looking at how religious beliefs transformed during this era.

7 Lessons in Chapter 3: AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin

1. The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin

This lesson explains how Latin was widespread in Europe during the Roman Empire as well as how vernacular languages slowly replaced it. It also reviews how the Romance languages developed.

The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices

2. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices

In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.

Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

3. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.

Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists

4. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists

The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.

Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin: History, Importance & Impact

5. Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin: History, Importance & Impact

In this lesson, we will meet two famous Reformation leaders, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin. We will examine their lives and their doctrines, and explore their impact on Christianity.

Radical Reformation: Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians

6. Radical Reformation: Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians

In this lesson, we will study a few of the Christian sects that took the Reformation to extremes. We will focus especially on the origins, development, and doctrines of the Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians.

The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

7. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.

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