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Ch 15: AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons online and learn about unification efforts in Italy, Germany and Austria during the 19th century. These lessons are just a portion of our AP European History course.

AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Through the video lessons featured in this chapter, you can learn about the growth of nationalism in Italy and Germany and the territorial losses and acquisitions that took place in France during the 19th century. History instructors provide all the details you need to know about how the United Kingdom (UK) was created and what led to Ireland becoming part of the UK. This chapter also covers major territorial developments in Russia and changes that took place in the Ottoman Empire. After watching the videos in this chapter, you'll have knowledge of:

  • Timeline of unification efforts in Italy and Germany
  • Losses and acquisitions in Russia and France
  • Efforts involved in the creation of the UK
  • Creation of Austria-Hungary
  • Political developments of the Ottoman Empire

Video Objectives
The Unification of Italy: Summary, Timeline & Leaders Describes how an Italian identity emerged in the 1800s. Discusses Camillo Cavour's role in the unification process as well as the efforts of other leaders to encourage the creation of this new state.
The Unification of Germany: Summary, Timeline & Events Offers a timeline of the major events that led to German nationalism and details Otto Von Bismarck's crucial efforts in unifying the country. Summarizes events of the Seven Weeks' War and the Franco-Prussian War.
Territorial Developments in France: Losses & Acquisitions Examines the major events taking place in the 19th century that contributed to the loss of certain lands by the French. Provides details of the territorial acquisitions made by France during this period.
The Creation of the United Kingdom and the Incorporation of Ireland Provides a timeline of critical activities and events that led to the creation of the United Kingdom. Discusses how Ireland became part of the UK.
Territorial Developments in Russia: Losses & Acquisitions Summarizes the political activities contributing to territorial losses and acquisitions in 19th-century Russia.
The Unification of Austria: German Exclusion & Creation of Austria-Hungary Examines the reasons for Austria's exclusion from German unification. Details events leading up to the formation of Austria-Hungary.
The Ottoman Empire: Changes, Politics & Developments Delves into the territorial changes that marked this period in the Ottoman Empire's history. Reviews political developments and leadership changes throughout the 19th century.

7 Lessons in Chapter 15: AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
The Unification of Italy: Summary, Timeline & Leaders

1. The Unification of Italy: Summary, Timeline & Leaders

In this lesson, we explore the piecemeal unification of Italy which took place in the 19th century. Created in part by the brilliant statesmen Camillo Benso di Cavour, Italy as we know it did not fully take shape until 1870.

The Unification of Germany: Summary, Timeline & Events

2. The Unification of Germany: Summary, Timeline & Events

In this lesson, we explore the unification of Germany in the 1860s and 1870s, largely accomplished through the statecraft of the Chancellor of Prussia and later Germany, Otto von Bismarck.

Territorial Developments in France: Losses & Acquisitions

3. Territorial Developments in France: Losses & Acquisitions

In this lesson, we explore the wild fluctuations the borders of France experienced during the 19th century, from its European domination during the Napoleonic wars to its losses under the new German Empire.

The Creation of the United Kingdom and the Incorporation of Ireland

4. The Creation of the United Kingdom and the Incorporation of Ireland

In this lesson, we examine the piecemeal creation of the United Kingdom throughout the late Medieval and Early Modern periods as well as the tumultuous history of English control and partitioning of Ireland.

Territorial Developments in Russia: Losses & Acquisitions

5. Territorial Developments in Russia: Losses & Acquisitions

In this lesson, we explore the territorial acquisitions and losses of 19th-century Russia, from the Napoleonic Wars and its gains via the Congress of Vienna to the Crimean War.

The Unification of Austria: German Exclusion & Creation of Austria-Hungary

6. The Unification of Austria: German Exclusion & Creation of Austria-Hungary

In this lesson, we explore how Austria was excluded by Prussia and the other German states from the new German Confederation, as well as the steps it took to maintain its international influence, including the eventual creation of Austria-Hungary.

The Ottoman Empire: Changes, Politics & Developments

7. The Ottoman Empire: Changes, Politics & Developments

In this lesson, we explore the problems the Ottoman Empire faced in the 19th century, and the many territorial losses it endured at the hands of Russia, Austria, and others.

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