About This Chapter
AP European History: Wars of Religion - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
With the Protestant Reformation sparking change throughout the continent, Europe experienced a period of turmoil in which Protestants and Catholics fought wars in multiple different countries. In this chapter, you'll take a look at some of the major conflicts over religious reform, from the Dutch seeking independence to the civil conflicts in France. Our instructors have split this chapter into smaller lessons so you can learn about each war or conflict one lesson at a time. You'll see how important reform became to both sides of the fight. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- Why the Dutch and Spanish fought for almost a century
- How Germany managed a split religious state
- About the religious infighting in France
- What Protestants and Catholics were fighting for
|The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars||Understand why and how the commoners of Germany revolted against the aristocracy.|
|Religious Warfare Across Europe During the Reformation||Take a look at how different groups of Christians were fighting each other, all in the name of Christ.|
|The 80 Years' War and the Spanish Armada||Study the Dutch War of Independence against Spain as well as how Spain tried to attack Britain by sea.|
|Westphalia and Peace of Augsburg: States' Rise to Sovereignty||Explore this region of Germany and how states gained independence during the Reformation.|
|The 30 Years' War: Catholics vs. Protestants||Get an overview of this series of wars fought in Central Europe between the Protestants and the Catholics.|
|The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots||Examine this period of infighting between French Catholics and Protestants as well as two royal houses.|
1. The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars
The Reformation was a time when Christianity was split into Catholicism and Protestantism. This lesson explores the major changes brought about by the Reformation in Germany in the 16th century.
2. Religious Warfare Across Europe During the Reformation
This lesson will explain the different wars which waged across Europe during the Reformation. It will begin with the German Peasants' Revolt and continue through the 30 Years' War, ending with the Peace of Westphalia.
3. The 80 Years War and the Spanish Armada
This lesson will explain the relationship between the 80 Years' War and the Spanish Armada. It will focus on the Netherlands' struggle for independence from Spain while also describing the role England played in the conflict.
4. Westphalia and Peace of Augsburg: States' Rise to Sovereignty and Decline of the Empire
This lesson focuses on the Holy Roman Empire during the Reformation. As it highlights the Peace of Augsburg and the Peace of Westphalia, it will illustrate the rise of state power, and the decline of the empire.
5. The 30 Years War: Catholics vs. Protestants
This lesson will explore the reasons for the 30 Years' War. It will highlight the different phases of the war while also explaining why most of Europe took up battle against the Holy Roman Empire and the Hapsburg Dynasty.
6. The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots
The Protestant Reformation was so popular and controversial in Europe that it sometimes led to war. This lesson explores the violent effect of the Reformation in France as war erupted between the Catholics and the Protestants.
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Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay