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Ch 22: AP World History: Colonialism

About This Chapter

Watch online video lessons about colonialism and learn about the Holy War, European colonialism, expansion into the Americas and more. These lessons are just a portion of our AP World History course.

AP World History: Colonialism - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

This chapter explores colonialism across the world over several centuries. Lessons start with an examination of the Holy War fought by Christians and Turks. You'll look at colonialism in the countries of Europe. Cardinal Richelieu's influence on the world order is analyzed. You can also learn about famous philosophers and scientists like Francis Bacon, Galileo and Rene Descartes. Lessons shift over to the New World and the English settlement of Jamestown. You can study the economic impact of England's colonialism, as well as the effect of the English Civil War on the country and its settlements. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the dynamics of the Holy War between Christians and Turks on both land and sea
  • Explore the history of colonialism across Europe
  • Identify the characteristics, style and famous artists of the Baroque Period
  • Understand the legacies of important figures like Francis Bacon, Cardinal Richelieu and Rene Descartes
  • Explain the New World settlement of Jamestown
  • Analyze the English Civil War and the rise of Cromwell's theocracy

Video Objective
Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by Sea Explore the Holy Leagues of Christians and Turks along the sea.
The Long War: Christians vs. Turks by Land Understand the Long War between Christians and Turks on land.
Colonialism Across Europe Analyze the factors behind European colonialism.
Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics and Artists Examine Baroque painting's style, characteristics and famous artists.
Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics and Style Look at the characteristics and style of Baroque sculpture.
Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics and Features Study the style, characteristics and features of Baroque architecture.
Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy Explore the biography, ideas and legacy of Francis Bacon.
Cardinal Richelieu and his Influence on the World Examine Cardinal Richelieu's more secular influence on the world and colonialism.
Galileo, the Telescope and the Church Learn about Galileo's main discoveries and the reception of the Church to his ideas.
Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy Interpret Rene Descartes' writings fusing religion with philosophy.
Jamestown: Conflict in the New World Analyze the conflict in Jamestown between colonialists and natives.
The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I Explore the Gunpowder Treason plot and look at England's state after Elizabeth I's death.
The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy Comprehend the reasons behind the English Civil War and the failure of Charles' monarchy.
The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy Chronicle the rise of Cromwell's theocracy after the English Civil War.
The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe Understand the economic impact of the exploration and colonization of Europe, looking at mercantilism, banking and joint stock companies.

14 Lessons in Chapter 22: AP World History: Colonialism
Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by Sea

1. Holy Leagues: Christians vs. Turks by Sea

This lesson focuses on the formation of Holy Leagues and the battle between Christian and Turkish forces in the Mediterranean Sea during the Sixteenth Century.

The Long War: Christians vs. Turks by Land

2. The Long War: Christians vs. Turks by Land

The Long War was a battle between the Ottomans and the Habsburg Empire. This lesson covers who fought on each side as well as some of the important events of the conflict.

Colonialism Across Europe

3. Colonialism Across Europe

In the late 1400s, European explorers learned how to cross the Atlantic Ocean. This lesson explores the impact of the colonization of the Americas by Europeans and the reasons they emigrated.

Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features

4. Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features

This lesson explores the development of Baroque architecture. We begin in Italy by tracing the development of several Baroque themes, culminating in the Vatican itself. We then move to France, where these trends further developed, reaching their apex in Louis XIV's ambitious palace at Versailles.

Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

5. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

This lesson examines the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon to science. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. Then we briefly examine how Bacon sold science to the world.

Cardinal Richelieu and his Influence on the World

6. Cardinal Richelieu and his Influence on the World

Cardinal Richelieu was a powerful man in secular matters. This lesson explores how he came to power and the battle with the Huguenots that dominated most of his career.

Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

7. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

This lesson explores the contributions of Galileo to modern science. It examines his early steps toward a scientific method, his work on falling bodies and, of course, his astronomical discoveries. Finally, the Church's reaction to these discoveries is explored.

Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy

8. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy

This lesson explores the beliefs and works of Rene Descartes and how he explained the relationship between the mind and body as well as religion and science.

Jamestown: Conflict in the New World

9. Jamestown: Conflict in the New World

This lesson focuses on the settlement of Jamestown and the conflicts that occurred between the native populations and the English settlers. While exploring this topic, it will highlight England's response to the troubles that plagued the settlement.

The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I

10. The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I

This lesson will explain the Gunpowder Treason of England. As it uncovers the details of this assassination plot, it will explain the part Elizabeth I and the other Tudor monarchs played in creating the resentment that brought it to life.

The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy

11. The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy

This lesson will explain the reign and execution of England's King Charles I. It will highlight the actions of Charles, along with his confrontations with Parliament, that led to the English Civil War.

The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

12. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

This lesson will describe the events that led to the rise of Oliver Cromwell's theocracy. It will highlight the English Civil War, the execution of King Charles and the oppressive rule of Cromwell.

The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

13. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

In this lesson, we'll discuss the Commercial Revolution sparked by Europe's interaction with the New World colonies. We'll learn about how mercantilism, banking and joint-stock companies transformed the economic face of the European continent.

The Colonization of Africa & the Berlin Conference: Definition & Purpose

14. The Colonization of Africa & the Berlin Conference: Definition & Purpose

This lesson will explore the 19th and 20th century colonization of Africa, which forever changed the political landscape of the continent. In doing so, it will highlight the Berlin Conference and the Principle of Effectivity.

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