Login
Copyright

Ch 11: AP World History: Early Middle Ages

About This Chapter

Watch online video lessons and learn about the cultural renaissance that took place in Western Europe during the Early Middle Ages. These lessons are just a portion of our online AP World History courses.

Early Middle Ages - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

This chapter is designed to provide you with an overview of feudalistic society under Charlemagne, a Frankish king who served as the first emperor of Western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire. You'll learn about his support of the Catholic Church and papacy, as well as the artistic and intellectual growth that took place during his reign. Topics associated with the Carolingian Renaissance include art, architecture and the unique style of medieval calligraphy known as the Carolingian minuscule.

Additional topics include the Viking expansion under Charlemagne, as well as the type of armor and weaponry medieval knights used to defend themselves. You'll also learn about the global pandemic known as the Black Death and its economic, religious and social impact on the Middle Ages. When you have finished watching the video lessons, you should understand:

  • The Carolingian Renaissance and the importance of the monastic movement
  • The Viking threat to Western Europe
  • Armored knight technology and the use of the controversial crossbow
  • How feudalistic society promoted stability in Western Europe
  • What events and mitigating factors contributed to the decline of the Byzantine Empire
  • The catastrophic effects of climate change and disease during the Early Middle Ages

VideoObjective
Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman EmpireUnderstand how Charlemagne created, divided and oversaw his empire.
Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to RuleDescribe Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and his relationship to the church.
Monasticism from St. Benedict to ClunyDiscuss the history of the monastic movement from St. Benedict to St. Cluny, including the Carolingian Renaissance, Carolingian minuscule and the use of church schools by the state.
Carolingian Art: History, Style and CharacteristicsProvide an overview of the Carolingian Renaissance and the cultural activities associated with the period.
Carolingian Architecture: Style, Characteristics and ExamplesIdentify the unique features and style of Carolingian architecture, and provide examples.
History of the VikingsProvide a summary of Viking history.
The Technology behind the Armored KnightUnderstand how medieval armor protected knights from horse peoples and the Vikings, as well as how the technology served to cement feudalism as a way of life.
The Return of the Crossbow and its Implications for EuropeDescribe the crossbow as the antithesis of the armored knight, including its history, repression and gradual spread across Europe.
Order From Chaos: Establishing Stability through Feudal Ties and ManorsDiscuss and create illustrated diagrams to show how feudal ties and the establishment of manors led to stability.
The Slow Decline of the Byzantine EmpireExamine the events and factors that contributed to the rise and gradual decline of the Byzantine Empire.
The Little Ice Age and the Black DeathExplain the impact of the Black Death during the Middle Ages.

8 Lessons in Chapter 11: AP World History: Early Middle Ages
Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire

1. Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire

This lesson explains the rule of Charlemagne and his control over the Holy Roman Empire. It highlights his many military conquests and his divine rights as king, while also focusing on the role feudalism played before, during, and after his reign.

Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule

2. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule

This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.

Carolingian Art & Architecture

3. Carolingian Art & Architecture

In this lesson, you will explore the art and architectural styles of the mighty Carolingian Empire in the 9th century. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.

History of the Vikings

4. History of the Vikings

This lesson covers the history of the Vikings. We examine the Viking longships and their role in raids. Then we explore the impact these raids had on European history. Next we look at some of the other things the Vikings did besides raiding.

The Technology Behind the Armored Knight

5. The Technology Behind the Armored Knight

This lesson looks at the technology behind the armored knight. We'll follow the development of medieval armor and the development of the saddle. Finally, we'll look at the implications of this expensive form of warfare.

The Return of the Crossbow and its Implications for Europe

6. The Return of the Crossbow and its Implications for Europe

This lesson looks at the return of the crossbow to Medieval Europe. The relative cost of crossbows to armored knights is explored, as are the socioeconomic repercussions of each.

Order From Chaos: Establishing Stability through Feudal Ties and Manors

7. Order From Chaos: Establishing Stability through Feudal Ties and Manors

This lesson will explore the impact of feudalism on European society. While explaining the system of feudalism, it will highlight how it offered protection and stability to Europe, specifically after the 5th century fall of Rome.

The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire

8. The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire

This lesson will explore the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. It will highlight internal instability and outside invasion as two of the major factors that led to the 1453 fall of Constantinople and the empire.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support