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Ch 26: AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons on the Cold War and 20th century world history to learn about the causes of the Cold War, the Vietnam War, NASA exploration, post-war Europe and more. These lessons are just a portion of our AP World History course.

AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

The chapter begins with a look at the causes and early events of the Cold War. You'll also examine the causes and effects of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Lessons explore important 20th century issues across the world, including the conflict between Muslims and Hindus in India. You'll also learn about different historical moments in technology, such as Sputnick, NASA and the advent of the Internet. The chapter concludes with close analyses of several post-war countries in Europe, Asia and Africa. This chapter is designed to teach you about:

  • The causes of conflicts like the Cold War, Korean War and Vietnam War
  • The fighting between Muslims and Hindus in India
  • The lives of Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru
  • The role of communism in the Cuban revolution
  • Advancements with Sputnick, NASA and the Internet
  • The political dynamics of post-war Europe, Asia and Africa

Video Objective
The Cold War: Definition, Causes and Early Events Provide an overview of the events that led up to and followed the Cold War.
The Korean War: Causes and Effects Identify the causes and effects of the Korean War and the involvement of America, China and the Soviet Union.
The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts and Effects Describe the causes, main escalations and effects of the Vietnam War.
The End of the Cold War and Desert Storm Understand the Desert Storm operation and the collapse of both the Berlin Wall and the Soviet Union.
Conflict Between Muslims and Hindus in India Discuss the conflicts between Muslims and Hindus, which led to the separation of India and Pakistan.
Who Was Mohandas Gandhi? Summarize Gandhi's life and advocation for civil disobedience.
Who Was Jawaharlal Nehru? Recount Nehru's biography and legacy.
Sputnick, NASA and the Internet Analyze how technologies related to NASA and the Internet have changed society after World War II.
Communism and the Cuban Revolution Name the events surrounding the Cuban Revolution, including the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Post-War Europe: The Berlin Airlift and the Marshall Plan Examine events in Europe after WWII, such as the Berlin Airlift and the Marshall Plan.
Post-War Asia: Korea's Partition and Reconstruction of Japan's Government Explore recent developments in post-war Asia, including the partition of Korea and the restructuring of Japan's government by General MacArthur.
Post-War Soviet Union and Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain Recount major events in post-war Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, looking particularly at the descent of the Iron Curtain.
Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika Explain Gorbachev's policies of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) of the Soviet Union in 1985.
Post-War Africa Analyze post-war Africa and the region's various assertions of independence.

14 Lessons in Chapter 26: AP World History: The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History
The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events

1. The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events

The period of distrust between the Soviet Union and United States was known as the Cold War. Learn about the origins of the era, essential events and the shaping of the national security state.

United States Involvement in the Korean War: Causes and Effects

2. United States Involvement in the Korean War: Causes and Effects

The Korean War was a short but bloody war with more than five million casualties. Find out what caused this deadly and destructive war, how the United States came to be involved and how the war affected Korea and its allies.

The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts & Effects

3. The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts & Effects

The Vietnam War was the longest and most polarizing conflict in the history of the United States. Learn about the causes of the war as well as its effects on the United States.

The End of the Cold War and Desert Storm

4. The End of the Cold War and Desert Storm

In this lesson, we will learn about the end of the Cold War and the Gulf War - also known as Desert Storm. We'll learn what led to these events and highlight the key themes associated with them.

Muslim and Hindu Conflict in India and the Partition of India and Pakistan

5. Muslim and Hindu Conflict in India and the Partition of India and Pakistan

In this lesson, we will learn about religious tensions in India and the partition of India and Pakistan following British rule. We will see what led to these developments, and we will explore their context.

Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination

6. Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination

In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Mohandas Gandhi. We will learn what values he stood for, how he stood for them, and his lasting legacy.

Who was Jawaharlal Nehru? - Biography & Rule

7. Who was Jawaharlal Nehru? - Biography & Rule

In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Jawaharlal Nehru. We will learn about his role in India's independence movement, and about his lasting impact on Indian national politics.

Sputnik to the Internet: How Technology and Science Have Changed Society since WWII

8. Sputnik to the Internet: How Technology and Science Have Changed Society since WWII

In this lesson, we will highlight critical scientific and technological advances since the end of World War II. We will explore the profound effects these advances had upon society.

Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis

9. Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis

In this lesson, we will examine the relationship between communism and the country of Cuba. We will focus specifically on the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro's rise to power, the Bay of Pigs Invasion, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Post-War Europe: the Berlin Airlift & the Marshall Plan

10. Post-War Europe: the Berlin Airlift & the Marshall Plan

In this lesson, we will learn about the Marshall Plan and the Berlin Airlift. We will examine the conditions in postwar Europe that resulted in these events, and we will understand why they are important.

Post-War Asia: Korea's Partition & Reconstruction of Japan's Government

11. Post-War Asia: Korea's Partition & Reconstruction of Japan's Government

In this lesson, we will examine post-war Asia. We will specifically focus on the partition of Korea, and the occupation and reconstruction of Japan. We will understand why these events took place, and how their impact is felt to this day.

Post-War Soviet Union & Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain

12. Post-War Soviet Union & Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain

In this lesson, we will learn about some of the dynamic events that followed World War II in Eastern Europe. We will explore the descent of the Iron Curtain, and learn about the formation of the Eastern Bloc states.

Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance

13. Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance

In this lesson, we will examine Mikhail Gorbachev's reform policies of glasnost and perestroika. We will learn what led to these developments and see how they impacted the Soviet Union.

Changes in Africa After World War II

14. Changes in Africa After World War II

In this lesson, we will examine changes in Africa following World War II. We will discover what factors led to decolonization in the wake of World War II, and we will highlight the central themes surrounding African independence movements.

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