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Ch 18: AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons about the Protestant Reformation and learn about important figures, religious doctrine, societal change, and more. These lessons are just a portion of our online AP World History course.

AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

The Protestant Reformation changed the state of Europe forever by challenging the reigning Catholic institution. In this chapter, you'll learn about Martin Luther and what he wrote in his 95 Theses that forever changed the way people thought about Christianity. The lessons are broken down into smaller topics that cover the Reformation in various countries, the leaders of reform, and the wars that resulted. You'll learn about political, societal, and economic change in this period of transformation. This chapter is designed to teach you:

  • The differences between Protestantism and Catholicism
  • Important figures in the Reformation
  • Battles and wars that various countries and groups fought
  • How the Reformation changed society

VideoObjective
Religious Warfare Across Europe During the ReformationLearn about Christians killing other Christians in the name of Christ.
The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of LatinExplore how the Church changed to allow commoners to read the Bible.
The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and PracticesUnderstand the basics of Catholicism before the Reformation.
Martin Luther, the 95 Theses, and the Birth of the Protestant ReformationExamine Martin Luther's theses on reform and the movement they started.
Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer and Northern European ArtistsDiscover how the Protestant Reformation influenced art during this time.
The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across EuropeTake a look at how the Reformation spilled into other countries in Europe.
Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin and Zwingli's Teachings in the ReformationLearn about the Reformation's leaders and impact in Switzerland.
The Reformation's Impact on GermanyExplore the results of the Reformation in Germany, including the Peasants' War and the Peace of Augsburg.
The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the HuguenotsUnderstand how the French fought over the reforms happening within the Church.
The Reformers and the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the ReformationExamine the major principles underlying the different faiths through the transformation of beliefs in this era.
The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the ReformationDiscover the Catholic Church's decrees on doctrine during the Council of Trent.
The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and HistoryTake a look at the women Henry VIII married and the impact this had on his kingdom and abroad.
Henry VIII: The Anglican ChurchLearn about how Henry VIII challenged the Church in order to conceive an heir and get marriages annulled.
Mercenaries and the Sack of RomeExplore the difference between mercenaries and standing armies and why this attack on the papacy came about.
Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take on the Known UniverseUnderstand the scientific discoveries of the time and how the Church reacted to these men.
Ivan the Terrible and the Making of RussiaExamine some Russian history and how Ivan changed the Russian state.
Life After the Reformation and Protestant Influence on SocietyDiscover the societal changes that resulted from the Reformation, including familial, educational, and economic influences.
Eastern Europe During the ReformationTake a look at what was happening in Poland, Bohemia, and Lithuania during the Reformation.
Russian Czars During the Reformation: Michael Romanov and Peter the GreatLearn about the transition between czars and the state of Russia during this time.

15 Lessons in Chapter 18: AP World History: The Reformation Across Europe
Religious Warfare Across Europe During the Reformation

1. Religious Warfare Across Europe During the Reformation

This lesson will explain the different wars which waged across Europe during the Reformation. It will begin with the German Peasants' Revolt and continue through the 30 Years' War, ending with the Peace of Westphalia.

Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

2. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.

Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists

3. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists

The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.

The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

4. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.

Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation

5. Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation resulted in many people splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the effect of the Reformation in Switzerland under the leadership of Zwingli and Calvin.

The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars

6. The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars

The Reformation was a time when Christianity was split into Catholicism and Protestantism. This lesson explores the major changes brought about by the Reformation in Germany in the 16th century.

The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots

7. The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots

The Protestant Reformation was so popular and controversial in Europe that it sometimes led to war. This lesson explores the violent effect of the Reformation in France as war erupted between the Catholics and the Protestants.

The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

8. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.

The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation

9. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.

Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

10. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.

Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome

11. Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome

Politics led Charles de Bourbon, a rich French Duke, to flee his country to fight for his cousin, the Holy Roman Emperor. This lesson explains how financing and the use of mercenaries by Bourbon led to the sack of Rome in 1527.

Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe

12. Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe

Astronomy according to Ptolemy was the popular theory until Copernicus turned it on its head. This lesson explores the theories of Copernicus and Brahe and how the two changed astronomical study.

Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia

13. Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia

Ivan the Terrible was a great but violent leader. Despite his intelligence, he was prone to violent outbursts. This lesson explores his life and the effects of his reign on Russia.

Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

14. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.

Eastern Europe During the Reformation

15. Eastern Europe During the Reformation

This lesson will focus on the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation within Eastern Europe. As it highlights Hungary and Poland, it will explore the reasons why the Reformation did not last within these countries.

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