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Ch 16: Art History and Anthropology: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Art History and Anthropology chapter of this General Anthropology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master an understanding of art history as it relates to anthropology. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of art history in the context of anthropology.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help understanding general anthropology material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding the relationship between art history and anthropology.
  • Need an efficient way to learn about art history and anthropology.
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
  • Missed class time and need to catch up.
  • Can't access extra anthropology learning resources at school.

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Art History and Anthropology chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Art History and Anthropology chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:

  • How has art served as an agent of change and culture?
  • What were some of the unique features of Assyrian and Sumerian art and architecture?
  • How did the historical styles of ancient Egyptian and Persian art evolve over time?
  • What are some of the symbols found in early Christian art?
  • How did Byzantine mosaic work develop over time?
  • What characteristics and styles were unique to Carolingian and Romanesque art?
  • How did Gothic painting, sculpture and painting differ from other art?
  • Who were some of the major artists of the Renaissance period?
  • What characteristics and styles were associated with Baroque painters and sculptors?

47 Lessons in Chapter 16: Art History and Anthropology: Help and Review
Art as a Representation of Culture

1. Art as a Representation of Culture

Why do anthropologists care about art? This lesson examines different approaches to art and how these expressions of culture are passed on from one generation to the next.

Assyrian Art and Architecture

2. Assyrian Art and Architecture

This lesson explores the unique characteristics of a fierce and violent culture: the Assyrians. The Assyrians were a warrior culture living in ancient Mesopotamia who used art and architecture to display their power.

Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style

3. Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style

This lesson provides a brief look at the exquisite art of the Ancient Egyptians. Egyptian art contains images of people and deities that represent the culture in which they lived.

Ancient Persian Art and Architecture: History & Style

4. Ancient Persian Art and Architecture: History & Style

This lesson explores the artwork of one of the most powerful and expansive empires in history: the Persian Empire. Persian artwork contained vivid imagery that recorded the success of the Persian kings in battle and their cultural tendencies.

Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism

5. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism

This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.

Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics

6. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics

This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.

Carolingian Art: History, Style & Characteristics

7. Carolingian Art: History, Style & Characteristics

This lesson covers the art of the Carolingian Renaissance. We'll explore the causes of the Carolingian Renaissance, then see how the art of illumination was adapted for new uses. Then we'll discuss treasure bindings and finish with a quick survey of the few other surviving forms of Carolingian art.

Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & Style

8. Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & Style

This lesson covers the explosion of Romanesque art in the 11th century. We briefly explore the causes behind this movement. Then we look at the two most notable forms of Romanesque art: sculptural decoration and stained glass windows. Finally, we examine the emergence of medieval secular art.

Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style

9. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style

In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.

Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics

10. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics

This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.

Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture

11. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture

In this lesson, we will be discussing Renaissance art, focusing primarily on paintings, sculptures, and architecture. We will also be learning how humanism affected the art of this time period.

Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists

12. Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists

This lesson covers the development of Baroque painting as it spread across Europe. We explore the works of Caravaggio in Italy, Velazquez in Spain, Rubens in Belgium, Lorrain in France and Rembrandt in Holland.

Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style

13. Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style

In this lesson, we explore the development of Baroque sculpture across Europe, from the creations of the Italian genius, Bernini, to France and the sculptural excellence of Puget's glorified King Louis XIV. We'll also stop in Germany, Spain and Belgium.

2-Dimensional: Definition, Shapes & Art

14. 2-Dimensional: Definition, Shapes & Art

In this lesson, learn about 2-dimensional shapes as an element of art and learn their basic use and function in art and design. Also, learn to distinguish between geometric shapes and free-form or organic shapes.

The Aestheticism Movement

15. The Aestheticism Movement

The Aesthetic Movement of the nineteenth century united a wide range of artists, designers, and writers who were critical of the new society produced by Britain's Industrial Revolution. Its proponents were united by a belief that the creation of beauty had its own value.

Minoan Art: History & Images

16. Minoan Art: History & Images

In this lesson we will explore various types of artwork created by the Minoans. Minoans were early Greeks who created vivid images in their artwork, which became a popular export to surrounding areas.

What Is Graffiti? - Definition, History & Types

17. What Is Graffiti? - Definition, History & Types

Modern graffiti art can be traced to the late 1960s in the United States. However, the history of graffiti goes much further back to ancient times. This lesson will explore the history of graffiti from these early beginnings.

Impasto: Definition, Techniques, Effect & Artists

18. Impasto: Definition, Techniques, Effect & Artists

In this lesson, we look at the painting technique known as impasto. By applying oil paint to the canvas in thick, dramatic strokes, artists from the Baroque Era onward have created visual drama and a sense of immediacy.

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres: Biography & Paintings

19. Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres: Biography & Paintings

In this lesson, learn about French artist Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867). Discover how the painter's independent mindset and distinct style reflected in both his works and his life, then test your knowledge with a quiz.

John Everett Millais: Biography & Paintings

20. John Everett Millais: Biography & Paintings

Sir John Everett Millais was a British artist, most famous for his contribution in establishing the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. This lesson highlights Millais' personal and professional lives, focusing on his realistic art and role within the Brotherhood.

M.C. Escher: Biography, Art & Facts

21. M.C. Escher: Biography, Art & Facts

Learn about the life and work of Dutch graphic illustrator M. C. Escher. Explore his designs for impossible architecture, infinity loops, and optical illusions.

Marc Chagall: Biography, Paintings & Artwork

22. Marc Chagall: Biography, Paintings & Artwork

Marc Chagall was a Jewish Russian artist who worked during the 20th century and was known for his abstracted, colorful figures and landscapes. In this lesson, you'll examine his life and works and learn how to identify his unique style.

Matisse: Biography, Facts & Artwork

23. Matisse: Biography, Facts & Artwork

Learn about the painter Henri Matisse, an artist known for his use of color and his contribution to the Fauvism movement. Learn about his life and works, and test your knowledge with the supplemental quiz.

Monet's Impression, Sunrise: Painting & Analysis

24. Monet's Impression, Sunrise: Painting & Analysis

In this lesson, learn more about one of the most notable paintings of France's 19th Century Impressionist Movement, Claude Monet's 'Impression, Sunrise.' After you analyze the painting, take a short quiz about what you learned.

Nam June Paik: Biography & Art

25. Nam June Paik: Biography & Art

Explore the life and work of pioneering video artist Nam June Paik. Learn about his early installation and performance artwork, international collaborations, and influence on contemporary digital and electronic art.

Neo-Romanticism: Music & Art

26. Neo-Romanticism: Music & Art

Neo-Romanticism is a call for humanity to connect with nature but in a way that rejects both modern living and pre-industrial tradition and embraces progressive social ideals in art and music.

Paul Gauguin, Artist: Biography, Facts & Paintings

27. Paul Gauguin, Artist: Biography, Facts & Paintings

Paul Gauguin was a French artist associated with Post-Impressionism and known for his unique use of color, symbolism, and subject matter. In this lesson, you'll learn about what makes him unique, as well as his lasting legacy in the art world.

Peter Paul Rubens: Biography, Paintings & Style

28. Peter Paul Rubens: Biography, Paintings & Style

This text lesson discusses the life and career of the prolific Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640). We will also explore his style by looking at a couple of his most famous paintings.

Picasso's Girl Before a Mirror: Meaning & Analysis

29. Picasso's Girl Before a Mirror: Meaning & Analysis

This lesson is about Pablo Picasso's art piece titled ''Girl before a Mirror''. Here, we will look at the meaning and style of the Cubist painting, and analyze the the possible interpretations of the painting.

Picasso's Guernica: Definition, Symbolism & Analysis

30. Picasso's Guernica: Definition, Symbolism & Analysis

In Picasso's most famous political piece, 'Guernica' depicts the death of innocent civilians, the agony of wounded animals, and the fog of war with none of its glories. Read more about this painting and then take a short quiz.

Picasso's Three Musicians: Painting & Analysis

31. Picasso's Three Musicians: Painting & Analysis

Picasso's ''Three Musicians'' is a famous painting, but do you know what style it represents? And did you know that there is more than one painting by this title? Get all the facts in this lesson!

Piet Mondrian: Biography, Paintings & Art

32. Piet Mondrian: Biography, Paintings & Art

Explore the art, style, and influence of Dutch painter Piet Mondrian. Learn about his approach to Abstract Expressionism and Cubism, connections with other Modern artists, and impact on minimalist art and architecture.

Pointillism: Definition, History & Artists

33. Pointillism: Definition, History & Artists

Pointillism is an artistic technique that uses tiny dots of color to create a depth of light. A number of artists in the 19th century experimented with the depths of imagery possible with this new method.

Positive & Negative Space in Art: Definition & Examples

34. Positive & Negative Space in Art: Definition & Examples

Learn about how positive and negative space direct the viewer's eye to create optical illusions. Investigate the many aspects of pictorial representation that inform the rules of visual composition.

Post Impressionist Movement: Style & Famous Artists

35. Post Impressionist Movement: Style & Famous Artists

In this lesson, we'll be taking a look at the Post Impressionist Movement of art. We'll look at its distinctive, almost abstract style and the noteworthy names associated with it. When you're finished, you can test your knowledge with a quiz!

Post Modernism Art: Definition, Theory & Characteristics

36. Post Modernism Art: Definition, Theory & Characteristics

Postmodernism is the umbrella term under which diverse artistic movements sought to critique the modern project's attempt to understand the outside world in a methodological fashion.

Rembrandt: Biography, Paintings & Etchings

37. Rembrandt: Biography, Paintings & Etchings

Known for his compelling mastery of shadow and light in his art, Rembrandt is among the most famous portrait artists in history. Learn about his life, his paintings, and photography and then test your knowledge with a quiz.

Robert Rauschenberg: Biography, Paintings & Works

38. Robert Rauschenberg: Biography, Paintings & Works

Have you ever wanted to forge your own creative path? In this lesson, learn about American artist Robert Rauschenberg, who did just that. He explored new ways and methods to make art, using everything from stuffed goats to NASA space imagery.

Rococo Art: Definition, Style & Artists

39. Rococo Art: Definition, Style & Artists

In this lesson, you will learn what Rococo art is and how to identify it based on its stylistic characteristics. To bring the concept of Rococo to life, we will look at a few well-known paintings by famous Rococo artists.

Rule of Thirds in Photography: Definition & Examples

40. Rule of Thirds in Photography: Definition & Examples

Want to make those pictures from a smartphone look better even without extra filters? Then learn more about the rule of thirds, a guideline that has been helping artists and photographers for more than 200 years.

Salvador Dali: Biography, Paintings & Facts

41. Salvador Dali: Biography, Paintings & Facts

This lesson muses on the life and times of the Surrealist artist, Salvador Dali. Let's explore his life, his creations, and fun facts along with his inspirations.

Symmetrical Balance in Art: Definition & Examples

42. Symmetrical Balance in Art: Definition & Examples

In this lesson we will discuss symmetrical balance and how it is represented in art, architecture, and other imagery. Visual aids are included to help illustrate the this commonly used device.

The Art Movement Suprematism: Definition & Artists

43. The Art Movement Suprematism: Definition & Artists

In this lesson, learn about Suprematism, a Russian art movement, developed by painter Kasimir Malevich in 1915. You'll understand this different type of art, one that didn't rely on images or narrative and then you'll test your knowledge with a quiz!

The Golden Section: Definition, Art & Method

44. The Golden Section: Definition, Art & Method

Explore the aesthetic foundations of the golden section represented in classical and modern art. Learn about artists who use the golden section to recreate beauty and composition found in nature.

Thomas Gainsborough: Biography & Paintings

45. Thomas Gainsborough: Biography & Paintings

This lesson looks at the work of Thomas Gainsborough, a leading English painter of the eighteenth century. Gainsborough found success as a portrait painter, depicting a world of aristocrats, merchants, and landowners aware of their country's increasing wealth and power. At the same time, Gainsborough's love of landscape painting made him a forerunner of the Romantic movement.

Mannerist Art: Definition, Characteristics & Examples

46. Mannerist Art: Definition, Characteristics & Examples

In this lesson, we'll look at the style of art known as Mannerism.The work of the Mannerists was dismissed for centuries as decadent, or simply weird. Only in the 20th century did it come to be widely admired.

Photo Essay Topics

47. Photo Essay Topics

As digital photography becomes more accessible, photo essays are a growing field of artistic journalism. In this lesson, we'll explore the concept of the photo essay and talk about picking the right topic.

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