Login
Copyright

Ch 4: Basic Anatomy and Cell Biology: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Basic Anatomy and Cell Biology chapter of this College Human Anatomy and Physiology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master cellular biology. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of basic anatomy and cell biology.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering college human anatomy and physiology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn college human anatomy and physiology. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding cell membranes and transport
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about basic anatomy and cell biology
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Basic Anatomy and Cell Biology chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Basic Anatomy and Cell Biology chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any basic anatomy or cell biology question. They're here to help!
  • Study with Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:

  • How are phospholipids bilayers both attracted to and repelled by water?
  • What is the fluid mosaic model of the cell membrane?
  • How does active and passive transport occur in cells?
  • What are the different layers found in human skin?
  • How is epithelial tissue structured?
  • What are the different planes found in the human body?

23 Lessons in Chapter 4: Basic Anatomy and Cell Biology: Help and Review
How a Phospholipid Bilayer Is Both Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic

1. How a Phospholipid Bilayer Is Both Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic

In this lesson, we will learn what gives phospholipids a dual personality. How can this molecule be both hydrophobic and hydrophilic, and why is this important to a cell?

The Fluid Mosaic Model of the Cell Membrane

2. The Fluid Mosaic Model of the Cell Membrane

In this lesson, we will discuss the components of the cell membrane and why the fluid mosaic model paints the best picture of its structure. We'll learn about the roles of the phospholipid bilayer, cholesterol, proteins and carbohydrates.

Passive Transport in Cells: Simple and Facilitated Diffusion & Osmosis

3. Passive Transport in Cells: Simple and Facilitated Diffusion & Osmosis

A cell membrane is selectively permeable - not permeable to everything. In this lesson, we'll talk about methods of passive transport along a concentration gradient, including simple and facilitated diffusion and osmosis.

Active Transport in Cells: Definition & Examples

4. Active Transport in Cells: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we'll learn how substances are transported across the cell membrane against the concentration gradient. This might seem like an uphill battle for the cell, but all it takes is a little chemical energy and a few integral membrane proteins to kick off some active transport!

Extracellular Matrix: Function, Components & Definition

5. Extracellular Matrix: Function, Components & Definition

This lesson describes the structure and function of the extracellular matrix, which fills the space between the cells of your tissues. A quiz at the end of the lesson will evaluate what you've learned.

Endocytosis and Exocytosis Across the Cell Membrane

6. Endocytosis and Exocytosis Across the Cell Membrane

In this lesson, we'll discover how some cells can eat, drink, and digest their dinner through the process of endocytosis and a structure called the lysosome. In addition, we'll learn how a cell can throw out the leftovers across the cell membrane during exocytosis.

Multicellular Organisms, Tissues and Epithelium

7. Multicellular Organisms, Tissues and Epithelium

In this lesson on multicellular organisms, you'll take a look at what it actually means to be multicellular and how cells are organized into tissues, organs, and organ systems. This lesson also covers one of the four main tissue types: epithelial tissue.

Human Skin: Layers, Function & Structure

8. Human Skin: Layers, Function & Structure

This lesson will cover the three main layers of your skin, which includes the epidermis, dermis, and subcutis. In addition, we'll learn about other skin cells and tissue, such as adipose tissue, keratinocytes, melanocytes, and Merkel's cells.

What Is Epithelial Tissue? - Function, Types & Structure

9. What Is Epithelial Tissue? - Function, Types & Structure

This lesson will cover the different shapes and structures of epithelial tissue, including simple, columnar, cuboidal, stratified, transitional, squamous, and pseudostratified columnar epithelium.

Anatomical Directional Terminology: Anterior, Posterior and More

10. Anatomical Directional Terminology: Anterior, Posterior and More

Find out how to properly refer to the location of things at the front and back of a person as well as above or below a certain point on the body by learning the terms anterior, posterior, superior, and inferior.

Anatomical Directional Terminology: Limbs, Hands & Feet

11. Anatomical Directional Terminology: Limbs, Hands & Feet

In this lesson, you'll learn how we term the different sides of our feet and hands thanks to words like dorsal, plantar and palmar. You'll also learn how we name something that is near or far away from the trunk of our body thanks to words like proximal and distal.

Anatomical Directional Terminology: Lateral, Medial & More

12. Anatomical Directional Terminology: Lateral, Medial & More

Learn what it means to be on the same side as something else or on a different side altogether. In addition, find out what it means to be closer to or farther away from the middle of something as we explore the following terms: lateral, medial, ipsilateral, and contralateral.

Planes of the Human Body: Definition, Anatomy & Diagram

13. Planes of the Human Body: Definition, Anatomy & Diagram

Learn about the different ways in which your body can be divided or cut up for theoretical and practical purposes as we explore the sagittal plane, transverse plane and coronal plane.

What Are the Organ Systems of the Human Body?

14. What Are the Organ Systems of the Human Body?

In this lesson, you'll learn about the 11 organ systems, which are made of multiple organs that work together to keep the human body functioning. Using easy-to-understand descriptions and illustrations, we'll explore the circulatory, respiratory and digestive, systems, among other types, after which you'll have the chance to take a brief quiz and see how well you understood the material.

Alveolar vs. Tubular Glands: Definition, Shapes & Examples

15. Alveolar vs. Tubular Glands: Definition, Shapes & Examples

In this lesson, we will explore what a gland is and the function that it performs. We'll also look at the many varied shapes that the tubular and alveolar structures take.

Prealbumin: Definition & Normal Range

16. Prealbumin: Definition & Normal Range

In this lesson you will learn about prealbumin and you will be able to determine if the amount present in a patient is normal. At the end of the lesson you can check your understanding with a quiz.

Prosthetic Group: Definition & Overview

17. Prosthetic Group: Definition & Overview

This lesson explains what a prosthetic group is, what it does and how it relates to cellular components. It also delves into a few examples of prosthetic groups.

Renal Medulla: Definition & Function

18. Renal Medulla: Definition & Function

The interior of your kidney is where all the action happens. In the renal medulla, your kidney gets to work filtering blood and balancing your body's fluids, a process that eventually leads to the release of urine. In this lesson, you'll learn about the different parts of the renal medulla and how they work.

Robert Hooke: Biography, Facts, Cell Theory & Contributions

19. Robert Hooke: Biography, Facts, Cell Theory & Contributions

In this lesson, you'll learn about the feud between Robert Hooke and Sir Isaac Newton, and discover the great legacy that Robert Hooke left behind even though no one remembers his name.

Thermoregulation: Definition & Disorders

20. Thermoregulation: Definition & Disorders

What is thermoregulation? What happens when the body loses its ability to regulate temperature properly? Read this lesson to learn the answers to these questions and more.

Thorax: Definition and Anatomy

21. Thorax: Definition and Anatomy

The thorax is a structure found in humans, but it is not unique to humans- it exists in all mammals and arthropods. In this lesson you will learn what the thorax is and where it is located in the human body.

What Are Tissues? - Types & Explanation

22. What Are Tissues? - Types & Explanation

Learn about the different tissues that are found in humans and plants. This lesson summarizes the four tissue types in humans and the three tissue systems of plants.

Dorsal Root Ganglion: Function & Definition

23. Dorsal Root Ganglion: Function & Definition

All along our spinal cord, we have specialized nerves that send and receive messages to and from various parts of our body. There are particular nerve cell clusters called dorsal root ganglia that are present in the root of these spinal nerves. In this lesson, we'll discuss the function and definition of a dorsal root ganglion.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 79 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support