About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school biology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn biology. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding organic molecules and organic chemistry
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about organic chemistry
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the organic chemistry chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the organic chemistry chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any organic chemistry question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an organic chemistry unit of a standard high school biology course. Topics covered include:
- Functional groups of organic molecules
- Monomers and polymers
- Components and function of carbohydrates
- Components and function of lipids
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
4. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
5. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
6. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.
7. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
8. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
9. Carotenoid Pigments: Definition & Structure
From autumn foliage to summer fruits, vegetables, and flowers, discover how carotenoids help colorfully paint our world. Explore how carotenoids are important for the health of both plants and humans alike.
10. Organic Solvent: Definition & List
Organic solvents are widely used in everyday living. From disinfectant treatment to removing tough grease stains, learn more about what organic solvents are. Discover some of the more common solvents and understand their useful applications.
11. Dipeptide: Definition, Formation & Structure
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Two amino acids can be joined together to make a dipeptide. This lesson will focus on what dipeptides are and how they are formed.
12. Essential Amino Acid: Definition & Overview
What are amino acids, and what makes some of them essential while others are nonessential? Learn more about what amino acids do for your body and how you can make sure you are getting the full range you need to stay healthy.
13. FADH2 & NADH: Definition & Overview
In this lesson, we take a closer look at some of the materials and mechanisms used in cellular respiration. As this is a very complex process, we will specifically focus on FADH2 and NADH.
14. Filaments: Definition & Function
This lesson is about filaments, the structural proteins of the cell. Here, the structure of the three types of filaments and their functions will be described.
15. Glutamic Acid: Structure, Formula & Function
In this lesson, you will learn about the structure, function, formula and importance of glutamic acid. At the end of the lesson you can check your understanding by taking a short quiz.
16. Glycine: Formula, Structure & Benefits
Have you heard of glycine? If not, you are in the right place! In this lesson, you will learn about the formula, structure, and importance of this amino acid.
17. Polypeptide Chain: Definition, Structure & Synthesis
Proteins play important roles within our cells. Each protein is made up of at least one polypeptide chain. This lesson discusses the synthesis of polypeptide chains and emphasizes the relationship between its structure and function.
18. Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium: Location & Function
In this lesson, you will learn the unique characteristics of pseudostratified columnar epithelium tissue, the difference between the two types, as well as where they are located.
19. Reductionism in Biology: Definition & Examples
Understanding reductionism can help you better understand how things work in biology. This lesson defines reductionism, gives some examples of its uses, and finishes with a brief quiz.
20. Serine: Definition & Structure
Amino acids are the building blocks of chemicals that are vital to your very life. In this lesson, you will learn about one amino acid in particular - serine. You will discover its structure and learn how it is the building block of many chemicals.
21. Threonine Amino Acid: Structure & Function
Have you ever craved protein? Have you craved sugar? If you have, you might need to assess your diet and increase your threonine intake. In this lesson, you will understand what threonine is, how it is vital to life and what foods are rich in threonine.
22. Why is Water the Universal Solvent?
Did you know that water is referred to as the ''universal solvent?'' In this lesson, you'll learn what that means. You'll also learn which of water's properties make it the universal solvent.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 79 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the High School Biology: Help and Review course
- Core Science Concepts: Help and Review
- Basic Science Lab Skills: Help and Review
- Inorganic Chemistry Review for High School Biology: Help and Review
- How Enzymes Work: Help and Review
- Essentials of Cell Biology: Help and Review
- Requirements of Biological Systems: Help and Review
- Cell Communication: Help and Review
- Cell Metabolism: Help and Review
- Cell Division in Biology: Help and Review
- Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA - in Biology: Help and Review
- The Steps of DNA Replication: Help and Review
- Transcription and Translation of Nucleic Acids: Help and Review
- Genetics and Heredity in Biology: Help and Review
- Genetic Mutations in Biology: Help and Review
- DNA Technology and Genomics: Help and Review
- Bacterial Biology Essentials: Help and Review
- Viruses in Biology: Help and Review
- The Origin of the Universe and Life on Earth: Help and Review
- Geologic Time, Dating & Fossils: Help and Review
- Evolution Basics: Help and Review
- The Evolution & Classification of Organisms: Help and Review
- Basics of Plant Biology: Help and Review
- Plant Reproduction & Growth Cycles: Help and Review
- Introduction to Fungi: Help and Review
- Introduction to Invertebrates: Help and Review
- Introduction to Vertebrates: Help and Review
- Circulatory System & Other Systems: Help & Review
- The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems: Help and Review
- Animal Reproduction & Embryonic Development: Help and Review
- Human Reproductive Systems: Help and Review
- Ecology and the Environment: Help and Review
- Human Effects on the Environment: Help and Review
- Animal Behavior: Help and Review
- Laboratory Techniques for Molecular Biology & Genetic Engineering: Help and Review
- Analyzing Scientific Data in Biology: Help and Review