About This Chapter
Basic Principles in Archaeology - Chapter Summary
In this engaging chapter, our instructors present basic principles and concepts in archaeology. With the help of brief video lessons, you'll study archeology topics that include prehistoric and historic inquiry as it applies to archaeological methodology. After finishing this chapter, you should be ready to:
- Define paleolithic archaeology
- Explain what mesolithic archaeology explores
- Detail the study of neolithic archaeology
- Outline the common elements of civilization
- Identify how cities developed out of villages
We've designed these learning materials to ensure your study experience is enjoyable and fun. Watch an entire video to review the subjects presented, or skip to a specific section using the video tabs feature. Feel free to go back over any of the lessons in this chapter as many times as you need to in order to feel confident in your understanding. As you move through the chapter, you're welcome to contact one of our instructors if you need any assistance.
1. Archaeological Methodology: Prehistoric and Historic Inquiry
This lesson will seek to explain the science of archaeological anthropology. In doing so, it will highlight the categories of prehistoric and historical archaeology, as well as define artifacts.
2. What is Paleolithic Archaeology?
Today's lesson will seek to explain Paleolithic archaeology and its theories. In doing so, it will highlight the use of pebble tools as well as the nomadic hunter-gathering lifestyle of the Paleolithic man.
3. An Overview of Mesolithic Archaeology
This lesson will seek to explain archaeological theories concerning the Mesolithic Age. In doing so, it will highlight microliths, the nomadic lifestyle, the hunter-gatherer lifestyle, and the use of radioactive carbon dating.
4. Understanding Neolithic Archaeology
This lesson will explain archaeology's understanding of the Neolithic Age. In doing so, it will highlight the use of polished stone, the onset of agriculture, the Neolithic Revolution, and social stratification.
5. What is a Civilization? - Definition & Common Elements
In this lesson, we will define the term civilization. We will identify the core characteristics of a civilization, and understand the function of civilizations in the context of historical development.
6. Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented
In this video lesson, you'll meet Uruk, a lone farmer living in ancient Mesopotamia. As Uruk tries to become a successful farmer, he realizes the difficulties in sustaining a fruitful farm without the help of a community. Watch to understand how these difficulties contributed to the creation of villages and cities throughout history.
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Other chapters within the DSST General Anthropology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Fundamental Concepts in Anthropology
- Anthropological Perspectives
- Influences on Gender, Race & Culture
- Physical Anthropology Fundamentals
- Cultural Systems & Processes
- Principles of Language & Communication
- Principles of Social Organization
- Economic & Political Organization
- Fundamentals of Religious Studies
- Modernization & the Future of Anthropology