Login
Copyright

Ch 5: Basic Principles in Archaeology

About This Chapter

Refresh your understanding of the basic principles of archeology by reviewing this helpful chapter. The video lessons that make up this comprehensive study guide are accessible 24 hours a day to help you study for an exam, catch up on missed class time or get help with a challenging homework assignment.

Basic Principles in Archaeology - Chapter Summary

In this engaging chapter, our instructors present basic principles and concepts in archaeology. With the help of brief video lessons, you'll study archeology topics that include prehistoric and historic inquiry as it applies to archaeological methodology. After finishing this chapter, you should be ready to:

  • Define paleolithic archaeology
  • Explain what mesolithic archaeology explores
  • Detail the study of neolithic archaeology
  • Outline the common elements of civilization
  • Identify how cities developed out of villages

We've designed these learning materials to ensure your study experience is enjoyable and fun. Watch an entire video to review the subjects presented, or skip to a specific section using the video tabs feature. Feel free to go back over any of the lessons in this chapter as many times as you need to in order to feel confident in your understanding. As you move through the chapter, you're welcome to contact one of our instructors if you need any assistance.

6 Lessons in Chapter 5: Basic Principles in Archaeology
Archaeological Methodology: Prehistoric and Historic Inquiry

1. Archaeological Methodology: Prehistoric and Historic Inquiry

This lesson will seek to explain the science of archaeological anthropology. In doing so, it will highlight the categories of prehistoric and historical archaeology, as well as define artifacts.

What is Paleolithic Archaeology?

2. What is Paleolithic Archaeology?

Today's lesson will seek to explain Paleolithic archaeology and its theories. In doing so, it will highlight the use of pebble tools as well as the nomadic hunter-gathering lifestyle of the Paleolithic man.

An Overview of Mesolithic Archaeology

3. An Overview of Mesolithic Archaeology

This lesson will seek to explain archaeological theories concerning the Mesolithic Age. In doing so, it will highlight microliths, the nomadic lifestyle, the hunter-gatherer lifestyle, and the use of radioactive carbon dating.

Understanding Neolithic Archaeology

4. Understanding Neolithic Archaeology

This lesson will explain archaeology's understanding of the Neolithic Age. In doing so, it will highlight the use of polished stone, the onset of agriculture, the Neolithic Revolution, and social stratification.

What is a Civilization? - Definition & Common Elements

5. What is a Civilization? - Definition & Common Elements

In this lesson, we will define the term civilization. We will identify the core characteristics of a civilization, and understand the function of civilizations in the context of historical development.

Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented

6. Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented

In this video lesson, you'll meet Uruk, a lone farmer living in ancient Mesopotamia. As Uruk tries to become a successful farmer, he realizes the difficulties in sustaining a fruitful farm without the help of a community. Watch to understand how these difficulties contributed to the creation of villages and cities throughout history.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support