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Ch 13: Between the World Wars (1919-1939)

About This Chapter

Watch online video lessons to learn about the historical developments and international crises that occurred between World War I and World War II, including the Great Depression. Each lesson is accompanied by a short multiple-choice quiz you can use to check your understanding of these history topics.

Between the World Wars (1919-1939) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In this chapter, you'll learn about the interwar period, a historical time frame that typically includes the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 and ends with the Nazi Invasion of Poland in 1939. You'll learn about the political and social changes that occurred in Europe after World War I, including the establishment of republics in Germany and Turkey and the opposition to British rule in India. The early challenges to global democracy will also be discussed, including the rise of the fascists and Nazis in Italy and Germany.

A key part of the chapter will cover the causes of the Great Depression. You'll also find out about some of the international conflicts and crises that occurred prior to World War II, including the Chinese and Spanish civil wars. When you've finished watching the videos, you should have an understanding of:

  • The key political figures of the interwar period, including Adolph Hitler, Mustafa Kemal, Benito Mussolini and Joseph Stalin
  • The key political movements of the interwar period, including fascism, Nazism and nationalism in India
  • The major causes of the Great Depression
  • The remilitarization of Germany, including the lack of response from the West

VideoObjective
Gains of Global Democracy After 1919Describe the postwar political changes that occurred in old nations and the characteristics of the new ones, especially in Eastern Europe.
The Weimar Republic: Strengths, Weaknesses and CollapseDiscuss the challenges, successes and failures of the new German republic.
Resistance in Turkey and India between World WarsExplain the religious population transfers that occurred under Mustafa Kemal in Turkey and the drive for independence under Mahatma Gandhi in India.
The Great Depression: Timeline, Causes and ImpactIdentify the economic conditions that led to the financial collapse of the United States and the worldwide economy.
Response to the Great Depression: Governmental Policies in the U.S., Britain and FranceDiscuss the governmental policies of the United States, Britain and France during the Great Depression.
Interwar Conflict in Asia between World WarsProvide a timeline of Japanese aggression during the civil war in China. Explain how the Great Depression led to a lack of international response.
The Rise of Benito Mussolini and Italian FascismDescribe the rise of Benito Mussolini and the development of fascism.
The Soviet Union Under StalinDiscuss Joseph Stalin's 5-year plans and purges, as well as other Soviet policies between the World Wars.
Hitler's Third Reich: Rise to Power, History and CollapseUnderstand the development of the Nazi state under Adolph Hitler.
The Spanish Civil War and the Influence of Foreign PowersExplain the conflict between the loyalist Republicans and the Socialists under Franco, including the influence of foreign powers in the conflict.

10 Lessons in Chapter 13: Between the World Wars (1919-1939)
Gains of Global Democracy After 1919: History & Summary

1. Gains of Global Democracy After 1919: History & Summary

In this lesson we briefly discuss the end of WWI and explore the proliferation of new states that occurred with the collapse of several central and eastern European empires.

The Weimar Republic: Strengths, Weaknesses & Collapse

2. The Weimar Republic: Strengths, Weaknesses & Collapse

In this lesson, we explore the Weimar Republic, the democratic government which governed Germany in between World War I and the rise of the Nazi party and Adolf Hitler.

Resistance in Turkey and India Between World Wars

3. Resistance in Turkey and India Between World Wars

In this lesson, we explore the resistance movements to western colonialism in both Turkey and India. Though both experienced colonialism via extremely different circumstances, both exhibited nationalist movements that opposed foreign rule.

The Great Depression: Timeline, Causes & Impact

4. The Great Depression: Timeline, Causes & Impact

In this lesson, we explore the Great Depression and the economic trends and practices that caused the greatest economic meltdown in the history of the world.

Response to the Great Depression: Governmental Policies in the US, Britain & France

5. Response to the Great Depression: Governmental Policies in the US, Britain & France

In this lesson, we explore the greatest economic catastrophe of the 20th century, the Great Depression, as well as U.S., British, and French responses to the crisis.

Interwar Conflict in Asia Between World Wars: History & Response

6. Interwar Conflict in Asia Between World Wars: History & Response

In this lesson, we discuss Japan and China and the disparate fortunes of the two nations during the interwar period, including Japanese military aggression toward China.

The Rise of Benito Mussolini and Italian Fascism: Facts & Timeline

7. The Rise of Benito Mussolini and Italian Fascism: Facts & Timeline

In this lesson, we explore the rise of fascism in interwar Italy, as led by Il Duce, Benito Mussolini. Mussolini's oppressive, totalitarian regime fell during WWII.

The Soviet Union Under Stalin: Five-Year Plans, Purges & Policies

8. The Soviet Union Under Stalin: Five-Year Plans, Purges & Policies

In this lesson, we explore the brutal rule of Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union, from 1928 to 1953. Stalin radically transformed the economy of the Soviet Union, while also terrorizing its people.

Hitler's Third Reich: Rise to Power, History & Collapse

9. Hitler's Third Reich: Rise to Power, History & Collapse

In this lesson, we explore the rise of Hitler's Third Reich, its domination of German society in the 1930s, and the world war it began which eventually led to its downfall.

The Spanish Civil War & the Influence of Foreign Powers: Definition, Summary & Timeline

10. The Spanish Civil War & the Influence of Foreign Powers: Definition, Summary & Timeline

In this lesson, we explore the Spanish Civil War that broke out between nationalists and socialists in Spain in the 1930s. In the aftermath, General Francisco Franco instituted a fascist dictatorship.

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