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Ch 2: Biology for Elementary School

About This Chapter

This chapter is designed to contribute to your child's knowledge of elementary- and middle-school level biology subjects. Entertaining text and video lessons make up the chapter, which also includes multiple-choice self-assessment quizzes.

Biology for Elementary School - Chapter Summary

Help your elementary or middle school pupil supplement his or her classroom biology studies. This chapter can provide a fun way to study many of the subjects that are found in textbooks. Cells, plants, cell membranes, DNA, viruses and bacteria are all topics that your young person can learn more about through their exploration of this chapter's text and video lessons.

When time permits, students can access these lessons online using a mobile device or a wired computer. Text and video lesson formats are similar, with the exception of presence of the animated video presentations; each format includes transcripts, quizzes, worksheets and links to relevant content. Experienced instructors serve as the voices of the videos, and they provide support by answering students' submitted questions on biology.

Chapter Lessons and Objectives

Lesson Objective
Cell Cycle, Cell Division Stages, Cell Theory, Parts of a Cell & Parts of a Plant Cell Lessons for Kids Elementary and middle school students receive information about these terms, stages and theories when studying each of these lessons separately.
Cellular Respiration & ATP for Kids: Definition & Steps ATP and the process of cellular respiration is explained here.
Mitosis & Meiosis Lessons for Kids: Definition & Stages Students can compare these processes and learn about the different stages of each.
Characteristics of Living Things: Lesson for Kids This lesson shows how things are classified as being alive.
Nucleus, Nucleolus, Cell Membrane & Cell Wall Lessons for Kids: Definition & Function All of these lessons discuss the characteristics and definitions of the individual terms.
Cytoplasm & Cytoskeleton Lessons for Kids: Definition & Function These words are defined and their functions explained in each of the lessons.
Golgi Apparatus Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function The purpose and structure of the Golgi apparatus is explained.
Organelles, Mitochondria, Vacuole Function & Protein Synthesis Lessons for Kids Individual lessons look at the definitions as well as the purpose and the processes involved in each.
Endoplasmic Reticulum & Ribosomes Lessons for Kids: Definition & Function Structure and function are the focus of these two biology lessons.
RNA Lesson for Kids RNA's functions are explored in this lesson.
Enzymes, Muscle Cells, Bone Cells, Neurons, Red Blood Cells & White Bone Cells Lessons for Kids When watching each of these lessons, students can learn how the cells and proteins work and explore their importance to living things.
DNA Replication Lesson for Kids The necessary processes are examined by students.
DNA Lesson for Kids: Definition & Structure The structure and history of DNA is discussed in this lesson.
What are Chromosomes? - Lesson for Kids Chromosomes are defined and their structure explored.
Chromatin Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function Students learn about the purpose of chromatin.
Stem Cells & Stem Cell Research Lessons for Kids Elementary and middle school pupils can learn more about these topics by reviewing each lesson.
Bacteria, Viruses & Protozoa Lessons for Kids: Definition, Facts & Types During each of these lessons, the definitions of the agents and organism are provided, and their different types are outlined.
Protists, Microorganisms, Paramecium & Nitrogen Fixation Lessons for Kids When studying all of these lessons individually, pupils can learn about the makeup and purpose of each.
Asexual Reproduction & Genetics Lessons for Kids Students can receive an overview of genetics and asexual reproduction in these separate lessons.
Carl Linnaeus Lesson for Kids The classification system of the naturalist is explored.
Evolution Lesson for Kids: Definition & Theory Theories related to evolution are discussed here.
Natural Selection for Kids The role and process of natural selection is explained to students.
Human Evolution Lesson for Kids: Timeline & Stages In this lesson, the stages of human evolution are introduced.
Symbiosis Lesson for Kids: Definition & Examples Symbiotic relationships are examined here.
Migration Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts Students receive important information about migration.
What is Homeostasis? - Lesson for Kids The definition is provided and the process of achieving homeostasis is explained.

61 Lessons in Chapter 2: Biology for Elementary School
Cell Cycle Lesson for Kids

1. Cell Cycle Lesson for Kids

Have you ever wondered how your body repairs itself when you get injured or how exactly you grow taller? During a process called mitosis, the building blocks of your body divide in order to keep you healthy and help you grow. Read on to learn more about what happens.

Cellular Respiration Lesson for Kids: Definition & Steps

2. Cellular Respiration Lesson for Kids: Definition & Steps

Are you a fan of sweets? Did you know that cells have a sweet tooth? In fact, cells get all their energy from sugar! Learn about how cells turn sugar into energy through cellular respiration and explore the three steps of cellular respiration in this lesson.

Cell Division Stages Lesson for Kids

3. Cell Division Stages Lesson for Kids

Did you know that you couldn't grow if it weren't for cell division? In this lesson, we'll discuss the four stages of cell division: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.

Cell Theory Lesson for Kids

4. Cell Theory Lesson for Kids

Cells are tiny structures that make up all living things. They are the basic units that make up plants, dogs, cats, and you! Scientists use the cell theory to explain cells. In this lesson, you'll learn about the cell theory.

Mitosis Lesson for Kids: Definition & Stages

5. Mitosis Lesson for Kids: Definition & Stages

This lesson will teach you about mitosis. Read on to learn what mitosis is and to explore the four main phases of mitosis. Then, test your knowledge with a short quiz.

Meiosis Lesson for Kids: Definition & Stages

6. Meiosis Lesson for Kids: Definition & Stages

Learn about the generation of sex cells, or gametes, by the process known as meiosis. See how the four phases - prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase - differ between meiosis I and II.

Characteristics of Living Things: Lesson for Kids

7. Characteristics of Living Things: Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, you will learn what all living things have in common. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to determine if something is a living thing.

Parts of a Cell: Lesson for Kids

8. Parts of a Cell: Lesson for Kids

You cannot see cells, but they are everywhere. Cells are the basic building blocks of all living things. Let's read on to learn what cells are made of!

Parts of a Plant Cell: Lesson for Kids

9. Parts of a Plant Cell: Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, you will learn about the most common parts found inside of plant cells. By the end of the lesson, you will be able to describe what each of these parts does for the plant cell.

Nucleus Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

10. Nucleus Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

The nucleus is like the brain of the cell. Chances are, if something is happening in the cell, then the nucleus plays some part in that function. Let's learn about the nucleus and its basic parts in this lesson!

Nucleolus Lesson for Kids

11. Nucleolus Lesson for Kids

Nucleolus sounds a lot like nucleus, but they are different parts of the cell. In this lesson, let's learn how to tell the difference and why the nucleolus is an important part of the cell.

Cell Membrane Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

12. Cell Membrane Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

Cell membranes are like bags for your cells. They surround every cell in your body and keep the contents inside. They also control what passes in and out of the cell. Learn how the structure of a cell membrane helps it do its job.

Cell Wall Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

13. Cell Wall Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

Did you ever wonder how plants can stand up tall without bones to hold them up? Plants get their shape and support from the cell walls that surround their cells. Learn how cell walls help trees grow tall and droopy plants bounce back with water.

Cytoplasm Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

14. Cytoplasm Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

Cytoplasm is a watery, gel-like substance that fills the inside of a cell. It is what the other cellular objects float around in while they are in the cell. Let's take a closer look at cytoplasm.

Cytoskeleton Lesson for Kids

15. Cytoskeleton Lesson for Kids

A cytoskeleton might sound like a scary Halloween decoration, but actually it is a very important part of all living things. Find out what it is, what it does, and what it's made of in this lesson on the cytoskeleton.

Golgi Apparatus Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

16. Golgi Apparatus Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

The Golgi apparatus is a type of organelle that is found inside the cells of your body. Its job is to package up proteins and ship them to different parts of the cell. Learn more about the functions of the Golgi apparatus.

Organelles Lesson for Kids

17. Organelles Lesson for Kids

Your body is made up of cells. Organelles take care of the needs of the cell. Learn about organelles, including the nucleus, mitochondria, lysosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes and Golgi apparatus.

Endoplasmic Reticulum Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

18. Endoplasmic Reticulum Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

Endoplasmic reticulum is found inside your cells. It's a collection of tubes that help make and process proteins and fats. In this lesson, you'll learn about the two types of endoplasmic reticulum and what they do.

Mitochondria Lesson for Kids

19. Mitochondria Lesson for Kids

This science lesson will give you an overview of mitochondria, which act as the powerhouses of cells. You will learn about their origins, their structure, and the important roles they play inside cells.

Ribosomes Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

20. Ribosomes Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

Ribosomes might be small, but they do big things! Ribosomes are tiny organelles found inside cells. Their job is to make proteins. Learn about ribosomes, where they're located in the cell and how they help build proteins.

Vacuole Function Lesson for Kids

21. Vacuole Function Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, learn all about vacuoles and their function inside of cells. Explore what a vacuole looks like, what it does, and how they look different in plant and animal cells.

Protein Synthesis Lesson for Kids

22. Protein Synthesis Lesson for Kids

Protein synthesis is a fancy term that means making protein. In this lesson, we'll learn about protein synthesis and the two steps of this process, transcription and translation.

ATP Lesson for Kids: Definition & Biology

23. ATP Lesson for Kids: Definition & Biology

ATP is the form of energy that your body uses to do work. In this lesson, you'll learn about ATP, how it's made and how cells use ATP, then test your knowledge with a short quiz.

RNA Lesson for Kids

24. RNA Lesson for Kids

Ribonucleic Acid, or RNA, is essential to your health, but it doesn't get as much attention as its twin, DNA. Let's discuss RNA and how it's made as well as the three forms of RNA and how they work together to make proteins.

Enzymes Lesson for Kids

25. Enzymes Lesson for Kids

Enzymes love speed! It's their job to speed up chemical reactions inside your body. Learn about the active site of an enzyme and how it reacts with a substrate to make chemical reactions happen fast.

Muscle Cells Lesson for Kids

26. Muscle Cells Lesson for Kids

Did you know that your muscles do more than help you run and play? Your muscles do a lot of things that help you stay alive. In this lesson, you'll learn about the different types of muscles in your body and the cells that make them up.

Bone Cells Lesson for Kids

27. Bone Cells Lesson for Kids

Your bones may look boring, but they are active, living body parts that are constantly being built up and broken down. Read on to learn about the three main types of bone cells: osteoclasts, osteoblasts, and osteocytes.

Neurons Lesson for Kids

28. Neurons Lesson for Kids

Neurons are nerve cells. They carry electrical messages around your body. Nerve cells don't look like other cells in your body. They have unusual parts called dendrites and axons. Learn how neurons use dendrites and axons to send messages.

Red Blood Cells Lesson for Kids

29. Red Blood Cells Lesson for Kids

Have you ever fallen down and started to bleed? The red color of blood you see is made of a tiny cell called a red blood cell. Let's read more about these tiny cells that can pack a big punch!

White Blood Cells Lesson for Kids

30. White Blood Cells Lesson for Kids

White blood cells help to protect our bodies from sickness and disease. In this lesson you'll learn about white blood cells and how they work to keep us healthy.

DNA Replication Lesson for Kids

31. DNA Replication Lesson for Kids

Before your cells can divide, they need to replicate their DNA, which contains your unique genetic code. Learn how enzymes break down and build up DNA molecules during the process called DNA replication.

What Are Chromosomes? - Lesson for Kids

32. What Are Chromosomes? - Lesson for Kids

Have you ever wondered why you have your dad's nose or why you look like your brother? In this lesson, you'll learn the meaning of genetics and DNA. You will find that your features, even your personality, is carried through chromosomes.

Chromatin Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

33. Chromatin Lesson for Kids: Definition & Function

Have you ever wondered how or why the cells of our body store information? Many of us know that the molecule DNA contains all the information that makes us who we are. After this lesson you will be able to identify the structure and function of chromatin, which plays an important part in helping DNA store information.

Stem Cells Lesson for Kids

34. Stem Cells Lesson for Kids

Stem cells are cells that have not decided what they will be when they grow up. Stem cells can grow up to be any cell in the body. Learn about stem cells and why scientists are interested in them.

Stem Cell Research Lesson for Kids

35. Stem Cell Research Lesson for Kids

Stem cells are a very popular topic of scientific research right now. These cells can become any kind of other cell in the body! Scientists believe they hold the key to treating many diseases. Learn all about stem cells in this lesson!

Bacteria Lesson for Kids: Definition, Facts & Types

36. Bacteria Lesson for Kids: Definition, Facts & Types

In this lesson, you learn about some of the smallest living things on the planet. You will be able to tell what bacteria are, what it is made of, and provide some examples of bacteria.

Viruses Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

37. Viruses Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

In this lesson, you will learn about the sneaky and sometimes deadly virus. Learn how viruses spread, what they do and how to avoid becoming their next host.

Protists Lesson for Kids

38. Protists Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, learn all about protists! Explore what a protist looks like, what it eats, where it lives, and two examples of protists called algae and amoebas.

Microorganisms Lesson for Kids

39. Microorganisms Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, you will learn about a world of living things you can't even see. By the end of the lesson, you will be able to define microorganism and identify some common groups of them.

Paramecium Lesson for Kids

40. Paramecium Lesson for Kids

Did you know that there are creatures so small that you can't see them with your own eyes in the muddy water of your local pond? Read on to learn about one amazing creature, called a paramecium, that lives in microscopic ecosystems.

Protozoa Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

41. Protozoa Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Teeny, tiny animals that are invisible to the naked eye are all around us! They live in water and soil, and some of them can even live in us! In this lesson, we will learn about some of these little organisms called protozoa.

Nitrogen Fixation Lesson for Kids

42. Nitrogen Fixation Lesson for Kids

We know that plants need sun and water, but they also need a special food that comes from nitrogen. Organisms in the soil create fixed nitrogen, which is like fertilizer, so plants can grow healthy. Learn just how that happens in this lesson.

Asexual Reproduction Lesson for Kids

43. Asexual Reproduction Lesson for Kids

Some organisms can reproduce with only one parent. This type of reproduction is called asexual reproduction. It results in offspring that are exactly like the parent. Learn the different ways organisms can reproduce asexually.

Genetics Lesson for Kids

44. Genetics Lesson for Kids

In this lesson you'll learn about basic genetics concepts and vocabulary words, such as phenotype and genotype. We'll also explore genetics by looking at plants as an example. Read on to learn more now.

Carl Linnaeus Lesson for Kids

45. Carl Linnaeus Lesson for Kids

An estimated 8 million species of organisms live on Earth. Naming all of these species can get pretty tricky, but it's easier thanks to Carl Linnaeus. This lesson will teach you more about Carl Linnaeus and his contributions to science.

Evolution Lesson for Kids: Definition & Theory

46. Evolution Lesson for Kids: Definition & Theory

Do you know how a species can change over many generations? Learn what evolution is and how it works, including how animals pass on helpful traits to their children and grandchildren.

Natural Selection Lesson for Kids

47. Natural Selection Lesson for Kids

You've probably noticed that plants and animals are different shapes and sizes, but you might never have thought about how or why they are different. This lesson will teach you about natural selection and its effect on diversity in our world.

Human Evolution Lesson for Kids: Timeline & Stages

48. Human Evolution Lesson for Kids: Timeline & Stages

Modern humans like us have only been on the Earth for about 200,000 years, but our ancestors were here long before that. Learn about human evolution, how humans have changed, and who our ancestors are in this lesson.

Symbiosis Lesson for Kids: Definition & Examples

49. Symbiosis Lesson for Kids: Definition & Examples

Did you know that organisms can work together? Sometimes these relationships can be helpful or harmful. In this lesson you will learn about symbiosis and look closely at three different types of symbiotic relationships.

Migration Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

50. Migration Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Every year, some animals move from their homes to a new place and then move back home again. This is called migration, and while it's a lot of work, animals have good reasons for moving around. Read on to learn more.

What is Homeostasis? - Lesson for Kids

51. What is Homeostasis? - Lesson for Kids

Have you ever wondered why you sweat or why sometimes your skin turns red? In this lesson, you will learn about your body's ability to keep everything stable when the conditions around you begin to change.

Amoeba Facts: Lesson for Kids

52. Amoeba Facts: Lesson for Kids

Amoeba are simple animals that are made up of one cell. This lesson will teach you about amoebas, how they move, where they are found, how they eat, and some other cool facts about these tiny organisms.

DNA Lesson Plan

53. DNA Lesson Plan

Use Study.com's text lesson on DNA to introduce grade- or middle-school students to the structure and function of deoxyribonucleic acid. By the end of this hands-on lesson, students should have a basic understanding of the parts that make up DNA.

DNA Lesson for Kids: Definition & Structure

54. DNA Lesson for Kids: Definition & Structure

Did you know there is a secret code contained within every one of your body's cells? Its nickname is DNA. To discover its full name and fascinating structure, read this lesson!

Cancer Facts: Lesson for Kids

55. Cancer Facts: Lesson for Kids

Did you know that x-rays are sometimes used to treat cancer? In this lesson, learn what cancer is, what doctors know about the causes of cancer and how cancer is treated.

Down Syndrome Facts: Lesson for Kids

56. Down Syndrome Facts: Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, discover the definition of Down syndrome and the physical traits of people with this condition. Also, learn of some of the amazing achievements individuals with Down syndrome have accomplished!

Facts About Germs: Lesson for Kids

57. Facts About Germs: Lesson for Kids

Germs are tiny, invisible invaders that are all around us, but did you know that not all germs are bad? Learn about helpful germs, what germs are, what germs do and the four different types of germs in this lesson.

Food Pyramid Facts: Lesson for Kids

58. Food Pyramid Facts: Lesson for Kids

Has your mom ever told you to eat all your vegetables to be healthy? Your mom isn't making that stuff up! In this lesson, we will discuss the U.S. government's food guide charts and learn how they may be used to eat in a healthy way.

Kidney Lesson for Kids: Function & Facts

59. Kidney Lesson for Kids: Function & Facts

Your kidneys are a pair of organs that are critical to helping your body work properly. In this lesson, learn more about kidneys, their structure and what they do.

Liver Facts: Lesson for Kids

60. Liver Facts: Lesson for Kids

Did you know one of your organs can regrow itself? That's right--your liver can regenerate, or regrow itself. Learn more about the liver, where it is in the body, and the amazing things it does to keep you healthy.

The Lungs Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

61. The Lungs Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

You may not realize it, but your lungs are working hard for you every moment of every day! In this lesson, learn the important processes your lungs perform and the structure of the lungs.

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