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Buildup to the American Revolution - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors outline the events and conflicts that led up to the American Revolution. These lessons cover the importance of the Virginia House of Burgesses and the resolutions passed by the Stamp Act Congress. Additional topics include the Boston Massacre, the Townshend Acts, and the Boston Tea Party, plus the First Continental Congress and the Intolerable Acts. Once you complete this chapter, you should be able to:
- Relate the events of the First Continental Congress
- Discuss the reaction to the Intolerable Acts
- Describe how the Sons of Liberty resisted British rule and the Stamp Act
- Detail how the revolution began, including the battles of Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill
- Explain the purpose of the British Navigation Acts of 1651
All of our learning materials are professionally-designed and easy to use for an enjoyable studying experience. You can watch an entire video lesson for review or skip directly to the sections you'd like to see using the video tabs feature. The multiple-choice quizzes that follow each lesson make great test prep exercises before exam day. If you need assistance as you work through the material, you can contact an instructor for help.
1. Virginia House Of Burgesses: Definition & Importance
The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first legislative body in British North America. Learn about the creation of the House, the House's growing power, and how the House of Burgesses led to the American Revolution in this lesson.
2. Stamp Act Congress: Definition & Resolutions
In 1765, the American colonists convened the Stamp Act Congress to address what they saw as increased tyranny and unfair taxation by the British. Read this lesson to learn more about what the Stamp Act Congress debated and accomplished.
3. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
4. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
5. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
6. Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution Begins
Following the Boston Tea Party, Massachusetts was placed under the command of the British army. Rumors of a rebellion led to an attempted raid on the militia's arsenal. The events that followed at Lexington and Concord touched off the American Revolution.
7. British Navigation Acts of 1651: Definition, Purpose & Summary
This lesson will cover the British Navigation Acts of 1651. We will lay out the main provisions of the Acts, discuss their background and purpose, and touch upon their results.
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