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Ch 26: Culture of the High Middle Ages

About This Chapter

Look over these lessons to explore society and culture during the High Middle Ages. After you finish each lesson, take its accompanying quiz to determine your understanding of this time period's key historical events and accomplishments.

Culture of the High Middle Ages - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

A period between the 11th and 13th centuries, the High Middle Ages was a time of tremendous strife. Peasants were burdened by a life at the bottom of the feudal system. The Church and monarchs fought to expand their influence and authority. Yet even with all this conflict, this period also saw the creation of striking Gothic architecture and art as well as the growth of secular education. In this chapter's lessons, you'll get details on High Middle Ages topics like:

  • What led to the development of secular universities
  • How peasants fared under feudalism
  • What the purpose of the Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford was
  • What qualities defined Gothic architecture and artwork

VideoObjective
The Rise of Universities and Displacement of MonarchiesSee what factors contributed to the decline of monastic education and the development of secular universities.
The Daily Life of English PeasantsLearn about the feudal system and the harsh work required of English peasants.
Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & SignificanceExplore the effects of the Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford on the English king's authority.
Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & HistoryLearn about the three defining elements of Gothic architecture.
Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & StyleTrace the development and defining qualities of Gothic stained glass and sculptures.
Gothic Painting: Style & CharacteristicsExamine Gothic paintings and some of the artists that created them.

6 Lessons in Chapter 26: Culture of the High Middle Ages
The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries

1. The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries

Before the Middle Ages, education was the responsibility of the Church. As the need for education spread to those who were not clergy, monasteries could no longer meet the needs of education. This lesson explores the decline of monastic education and the rise of the university.

The Daily Life of English Peasants

2. The Daily Life of English Peasants

Peasants of the Middle Age faced a very harsh life. This lesson explores the typical lifestyle for an English peasant in the 11th through 13th centuries, including the daily tasks they performed.

Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & Significance

3. Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & Significance

In the High Middle Ages several charters were created that limited the authority of ruling powers. This lesson explores two of these charters, both of which limited the authority of the king of England.

Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History

4. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History

This lesson covers the three main features of Gothic architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress. We then look at a slideshow of examples of the Gothic style around Europe.

Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style

5. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style

In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.

Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics

6. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics

This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.

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