About This Chapter
Development of Early Civilizations - Chapter Summary
This chapter provides a fun and engaging overview of the development of early civilizations. Feel confident that you understand hunter-gatherer societies, early settlement in Mesopotamia, the development of hierarchical structures and more by watching short videos. When finished, you will be ready to do the following:
- Describe the role of fire and stone tools in hunter-gatherer societies
- Detail the impact of rivers on early civilizations
- Explain how early civilizations were supported by their physical surroundings
- Share the causes and implications of the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
- Discuss a society's need for hierarchical structures and the rise of chiefs and emperors
- Provide facts about the Great Flood and population migrations
- Define the Fertile Crescent and discuss reasons Mesopotamia is called the cradle of civilization
- List factors that influenced people to settle in Mesopotamia
The lessons in this chapter can be viewed as short videos that average about 8 minutes each or written transcripts you can print or read online. Review the lessons in one or both formats to fully absorb the concepts covered in this chapter, and assess your comprehension by taking their mini quizzes. If you need to clarify information covered in this chapter, feel free to send your questions to our experts. Before the day of your test, be sure to take the practice exam to get a complete review of the development of early civilizations.
1. Hunter-Gatherer Societies: Making Tools & Using Fire
In this lesson, you will explore the role of fire and stone tools in early human society as both a means of survival and important aspects of culture. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Rivers' Impact on Early Civilizations
This lesson explains why ancient civilizations developed along rivers. In doing this, it highlights the importance of food supplies, flooding, and the process of irrigation.
3. How Physical Settings Supported Early Civilizations
When determining where to build their first villages, people had to consider many factors. This lesson explores how physical environments affected where the first villages and cities were built.
4. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications
A long, long time ago, human beings roamed the earth looking for food. Then the agricultural revolution struck! What are the benefits of an agrarian society, and how have they shaped the way we live today?
5. Development of Hierarchical Structures: Chiefs to Emperors in History
This lesson will explore society's need for hierarchies, as well as kinship as a basis of hierarchical structures. Various forms of hierarchy will be briefly explored and...spoiler alert...they all come back to kinship.
6. The Great Flood and Population Migrations
The Great Flood myth has been around for over eight millennia. Could it be more than a myth? What could have caused such a flood, and what effects has it had on humans?
7. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization
Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.
8. Mesopotamia: The First Civilization
In this lesson, we explore the beginning of one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Mesopotamia. We specifically discuss the factors that encouraged settlement in the region.
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Other chapters within the TExES Social Studies 7-12: Practice and Study Guide course
- Overview of Ancient Egypt
- Ancient Civilizations of Africa
- Overview of the Ancient Hebrews
- Early Civilizations of Middle & Near East & Asia
- The Rise & Fall of the Roman Republic
- Ancient Greece History & Contributions
- Ancient Civilizations of Mesoamerica
- Early Trade Routes
- Slavery in Africa & the Southwest Pacific
- Development of World Civilizations (600 AD-1450 AD)
- Overview of the Fall of the Roman Empire
- European Imperialism & Colonization
- Byzantine Empire, Roman Catholic Church & the Crusades
- Overview of Africa & India (1000-1300 CE)
- Understanding The Renaissance
- The Reformation Period
- European Exploration & Conquest
- English History (1450-1750)
- European Colonization of the Americas
- Historical Developments from 1750 to 1914
- Imperialism in the 1800s & 1900s
- North American Settlement & Colonies
- Buildup to the American Revolution
- Understanding the Revolutionary War
- Creating the United States of America
- The Early Years of the USA
- Overview of Jacksonian Democracy
- Manifest Destiny & Western Expansion
- Overview of the American Civil War
- Post-American Civil War Reconstruction
- Industrialization & Urbanization in the United States
- Progressive Era of the Early 1900s
- Overview of American Imperialism During WWI
- Understanding the Great Depression in America
- Major Events of WWII
- World Changes After World War II
- The US After World War II
- Civil Rights Movements in the US
- The Middle East Since WWII
- The US in the 1970s & 1980s
- US Policies & Advancements from 1992 to the Present
- The Gulf Wars & War on Terror
- Exploration & Colonization in Texas
- Texas & the Civil War
- Physical Geography Concepts & Earth's Physical Features
- Global & Regional Patterns of Culture & Human Geography
- Human Groups & the Physical Environment
- Sociological, Anthropological & Psychological Concepts
- US & Texas Government & Citizenship
- Types of Political Systems
- Economic Concepts & Systems
- Free Enterprise System Overview
- Understanding Social Studies Concepts & Research
- Social Science Teaching & Assessment