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Ch 5: Early Civilizations of Middle & Near East & Asia

About This Chapter

This mobile-friendly history chapter offers expert instruction on early Asian, Middle and Near Eastern civilizations. Study these fun lessons whenever you need to boost your knowledge of these ancient civilizations for upcoming exams.

Early Civilizations of Middle & Near East & Asia - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter examine ancient civilizations from Asia, the Middle East and the Near East. You'll watch bite-sized video lessons that explore the expansion of many Asian cultures, as well as several Chinese dynasties, the Mongol Empire and the Mughal Empire. When you're finished with the chapter, you should be equipped to:

  • Understand how Chinese civilization influenced Korea and Japan
  • Recognize the innovations of China's Sui, Tang and Song dynasties
  • Assess the historical relationship between the Mongol Empire and Chinese dynasties
  • Trace the development and rise of the early Japanese state
  • Evaluate the emergence of Korean culture
  • Describe the land and people of Southeast Asia
  • Explain how European traders were affected by the decline of Mughal Empire

Each lesson comes with a short self-assessment quiz to help you solidify your understanding of the material. If you have any questions, you can reach out to our expert history instructors online. You can access the chapter online at any time or print the accompanying lesson transcripts to study offline. Revisit the lessons as many times as you need, and take the chapter exam to check your understanding of these early civilizations.

7 Lessons in Chapter 5: Early Civilizations of Middle & Near East & Asia
Chinese Civilization's Influence in East Asia: Korea & Japan

1. Chinese Civilization's Influence in East Asia: Korea & Japan

China's influence on the cultures of its neighbors is impossible to overstate and nowhere is this more true than in Korea and Japan. That said, those two countries managed to still develop very distinctive cultures.

Innovations of the Sui, Tang & Song Dynasties of China

2. Innovations of the Sui, Tang & Song Dynasties of China

Many of the most famous innovations of Chinese history occurred during the years preceding the Mongol Conquest. Three dynasties, the Sui, Tang, and Song, ruled supreme during this period.

The Mongol Empire & Dynasty in China

3. The Mongol Empire & Dynasty in China

The Mongol Empire was the second-largest empire in history, and the largest ever seen up until its time. This lesson explains how the Mongols were able to conquer China, as well as innovations that allowed them to conquer other regions, before concluding with a discussion on the Yuan Dynasty.

The Rise of the Early Japanese State

4. The Rise of the Early Japanese State

With a relatively wide barrier of sea to separate them from any undesired outside influences, the Japanese are unique in that they were largely able to develop on their own. That said, there were surprising parallels between Japan and other parts of the world.

The Emergence of Korean Culture

5. The Emergence of Korean Culture

Despite being pressed against one of the most powerful cultures in history, the Koreans were able to keep their cultural identity and, more often than not, their political independence.

Southeast Asian Civilizations' Land & People

6. Southeast Asian Civilizations' Land & People

One of the first crossroads of the world, Southeast Asia may have been originally peopled by groups from China, but much of what would influence its numerous cultures came from India.

The Decline of Mughal India's Effect on European Traders

7. The Decline of Mughal India's Effect on European Traders

The Mughal Empire was one of the most powerful countries on the planet, and its downfall was largely preventable. This lesson explains why and provides details on how the British made the most of the situation.

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