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- Develop the ability to interpret notes on the treble clef staff and the bass clef staff.
- Identify the pitch of sharp and flat notes.
- Describe different types of musical scales and determine how they are built.
- Explore common major and minor musical key signatures.
- Discuss the musical timbre of soprano and alto singers as well as that of their instruments.
- Look at the workings of string, brass, woodwind and percussion instruments.
- Discover how a song's tempo can convey mood and influence emotions.
- Analyze basic rhythms, notes and syncopation in music.
- Differentiate between major and minor tonality.
- Define musical form and explore several classical forms of music.
- Describe time signatures, melody and harmony.
- Increase your knowledge of musical form and discuss its history.
- Examine the use of texture, dynamics and voices in music.
1. How to Read Notes on the Treble Clef Staff
How do musicians interpret notes on the treble clef staff? What types of instruments play notes that are read in the treble clef staff? Who invented the notation system? Find out in this lesson!
2. How to Read Notes of the Bass Clef Staff
How do musicians interpret notes on the bass clef staff? What types of instruments play notes that are read in the bass clef staff? How is the bass clef staff different from the treble clef staff? Find out in this lesson!
3. Sharps and Flats: Reading and Identifying Sharp and Flat Notes in Music
What do sharp and flat notes look like? How are they different from regular notes? When and where are sharp and flat notes used? Find out in this lesson!
4. How to Determine Major Key Signatures in Music
What is a key signature? How can you tell the key of a song by just looking at it? Are there flats and sharps in all songs? What are some common key signatures in the Major tonality? Find out in this lesson!
5. How to Determine Minor Key Signatures in Music
Key signatures are useful in playing and understanding music, but how do you know if the key signature is for a Major or a minor key? Find out in this lesson!
6. Understanding and Building Musical Scales: Definitions & Types of Scales
What is a 'scale' in music? How do tonality, pitch, and accidentals play a role in making a scale? What kinds of notes make up a scale? What is the difference between a Major scale, minor scale, blues scale, and pentatonic scale? Learn all about scales in this lesson!
7. Musical Timbre of Instruments and Singers: Definition
How can you tell if you are listening to a violin or a flute? How do composers use timbre to express their ideas and keep the listener interested? Find out in this lesson on timbre!
8. Instrument Families of the Orchestra: String, Woodwind, Brass & Percussion
There are so many instruments in the orchestra! What similarities and differences can one find between them? How do the instruments work? Find out about the string, woodwind, brass and percussion families in this lesson!
9. Tempo: Definition and Uses in Musical Forms
How does the speed of a song affect our emotions? How can we determine the speed of a song just by looking at it? By learning about tempo, we can find out!
10. Rhythm: Quarter Notes, Eighth Notes, Rests & Other Basic Rhythms
Rhythm is an imperative part of music. Knowing the basic rhythms such as quarter notes, eighth notes, and rests will give you a deeper understanding of the music you hear. Learn about these notes and other basic rhythms in this lesson!
11. Rhythm: Recognizing Syncopation, Dotted Notes & Ties
Beyond simple quarter notes and eighth notes, musical rhythm can become confusing. In this lesson, you'll learn how to recognize and define ties, dotted notes and syncopation. You'll also learn two styles where syncopation is often heard and how ties and dotted notes contribute to creating syncopation.
12. Major and Minor Keys: Tonality in Music
How does a movie's soundtrack enhance our emotions? Watch this video lesson to learn how musical tonality can express feeling in everything from movies to rock songs to operas.
13. Musical Form: Definitions and Analysis
What is musical form and why is it important? How can we determine the form of a song just by listening? In this lesson, learn the different parts that make up a musical form.
14. Musical Form: Phrasing, Binary, and Ternary Forms
Why do composers use form? How do composers use phrases to create tension and release in their music? What is binary form, and how does it compare to ternary form? Find out in this lesson!
15. Classical Music Forms: Symphonic, Sonata, Theme and Variation & Rondo Forms
What exactly is a symphony? Why are some classical songs called sonata or rondo? Discover the answers to these questions as you study the different forms of classical music in this lesson.
16. Time Signature in Music: Definition and Examples
Time signatures, or meters, are a way to communicate the pulse and feel of a piece of music. Musicians, dancers and listeners alike use them to interpret where the strong and weak beats lie, including their divisions. Find out the specifics of time signature in this lesson.
17. Meters and Time Signatures in Musical Forms
What's the difference between a waltz and a polka? What's a 'mazurka,' and why did Chopin write so many of them? How can time signature imply a type of form? Find the answers to these questions and more in this lesson!
18. Melody vs. Harmony: Definitions and Examples
What is a 'melody?' How are 'melody' and 'harmony' different? What kinds of harmonies are used in classical and current popular styles of music? Find out the basics of melody and harmony in this lesson.
19. Texture and Voices in Music: Definition & Overview
Why are background instruments important? What do 'thin' and 'thick' mean in a musical sense? Let's find out more about texture and how we use it to describe music.
20. Dynamics in Music: Piano, Forte and Why They Are Important
Dynamics are a way of communicating volume and intensity in music. Piano, forte and other markings help musicians interpret the expressive quality of the music. What do these markings look like? What types of markings exist, and what do they mean? Learn more about dynamics in this lesson!
21. Theme & Variation in Music: Definition, Form & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about theme and variation in music. You will also learn about its form, as well as what differentiates a theme from a variation.
22. D Major: Scale, Chords & Progression
In this lesson, you will learn about D major. You will also explore the D major scale, the triads that occur in D major and some common chord progressions in that key. You'll be able to test your learning with a short quiz.
23. Dissonant: Definition, Music, Harmony & Chords
This lesson will introduce you to the musical concept of dissonance. You'll learn about what makes us hear dissonance, as well as its opposite, consonance. We'll also look at how composers have used dissonance in their music.
24. Falsetto: Definition, Songs & Singers
In this lesson, you will learn about a type of singing called falsetto. Falsetto is an artificially high pitched singing voice used primarily by male singers to sing outside of their normal range.
25. Harmonic Series in Music: Definition & Overview
Just as the colors of a rainbow combine to make white light, the related notes in a harmonic series combine to make what we hear as a single pitch. Learn about the harmonic series, overtones, perfect, major, and minor intervals, fundamentals and harmonics.
26. Homophony in Music: Definition & Example
Wait! Don't talk all at once! It's a common problem, even in music. Sometimes, composers use homophony to simplify the texture of their music. Learn all about this texture and its uses in choral music, popular music, and instrumental music.
27. Pianoforte: Definition & History
During this lesson, we will look at the musical instrument known as the pianoforte. We will see the evolution of the pianoforte, from its predecessors, the harpsichord and clavichord, to the modern piano that we see today.
28. Soprano: Definition & Range
In this lesson, you'll learn about the soprano voice type. You'll read about a soprano's typical vocal range, as well as how the soprano voice compares to other female voice types.
29. Synthesizer: Definition, History & Music
Strap on your nerd hat - we're going to check out the history and performance of the synthesizer. It's weird, it caused a lot of discomfort in the classical music realm, and it's completely electronic!
30. The Harmonica: History, Types & Accessories
Common in the pocket of jazz musicians and soldiers, find out how the harmonica used mass production and two devastating wars to become an instrument of choice for jazz and blues musicians in this lesson.
31. The Woodwind Family: Instrument List & Overview
In this lesson, you will learn what types of common instruments belong to the woodwind family. You'll also understand the traits of woodwinds and how the instruments produce their unique sounds.
32. Timpani: Definition, History & Facts
What do 'George of the Jungle' and '2001: A Space Odyssey' have in common? Timpani solos! Learn some fun facts about the timpani in this lesson, including their history and how they're made, tuned, and played.
33. Transposition in Music: Definition & Music Theory
In this lesson, you will learn what transposition is and how to recognize it in a musical context. The lesson will also explain how the method of transposing works within the framework of music theory and how one might use it in creative applications.
34. Trombone: History, Parts & Facts
In this lesson you'll meet the trombone, a brass instrument with a slide mechanism. You'll get to know the various parts of the instrument and learn about where the modern trombone came from.
35. Verismo: Definition & Operas
In this lesson, you'll learn about verismo, a style of Italian realist opera from the late 19th Century. You'll read about the typical plots and characters in verismo operas, and we'll go over some of the most famous examples of verismo in the operatic repertoire.
36. Vibrato: Definition, Effect & Technique
Vibrato is a type of undulation of musical sound that is used by musicians to create an expressive and full musical tone. In this lesson we will explore how it is produced and the varying opinions surrounding its use.
37. Viol Instrument: Definition & Family
The viol was a popular string instrument of the Renaissance and early Baroque periods. Let's discuss its history, characteristics, and the popularity of the viol consort.
38. What are Percussion Instruments? - Types & History
Did you know that percussion instruments include more than just drums? In this lesson, you will discover various percussion instruments, their history, and how they are played. Then you can test your knowledge with a short quiz.
39. What Is a Double Bass Instrument? - History, Music & Technique
In this lesson you'll encounter the double bass, the lowest stringed instrument and an important member of the orchestra. You'll learn about the instrument's history, its anatomy, and some important performers and music for the bass.
40. What Is a Hurdy Gurdy? - Meaning, Music & Parts
A hurdy-gurdy may sound like a strange piece of clothing or a carnival ride, but it is actually a musical instrument! Find out more about this unique Renaissance instrument in this lesson.
41. What Is Harmony in Music? - Definition & Theory
One of the structural pillars of music, harmony is as simple as it is strange. This lesson will explore the theory behind harmony, how it is constructed, and how to interpret it.
42. What Is Impressionism in Music? - Definition, Characteristics & Timeline
In this lesson, you will learn about Impressionism in music, focusing on the definition, timeline, and characteristics of this style of music along with the most prominent Impressionist composers.
43. William Billings: Biography & Music
Even though he had little musical training, William Billings (1746-1800) created nearly 350 compositions. Discover how this nearly forgotten individual came to be considered the first important American composer.
44. Woodwind Instruments: Types, History & Facts
Ranging from saxophones to flutes to clarinets, woodwind instruments make up a sizable chunk of not only a classical orchestra, but also bands in several other musical genres. That said, woodwind instruments not only predate many other instruments, but farming and the domestication of animals.
45. Xylophone: History & Facts
If you've ever seen a cartoon skeleton dance, you may have heard crisp, high music that sounded like bones rattling. That music was being played on an instrument called a xylophone. In this lesson, learn about the xylophone, its history, its construction, and how it's played.
46. Piano: History & Facts
This lesson provides a brief history of the creation, development, and key components of one of the most popular musical instruments in the Western world, the piano.
47. Saxophone: Types & History
The saxophone is an instrument that has grown in popularity since its development around the mid 19th century. In this lesson, we'll get an overview about its creation, its use, and the different types of saxophones.
48. Tarantella: Definition & History
In this lesson, we'll learn about what a tarantella is, how it's used musically, and how it was shaped by its origins as a treatment for spider bites.
49. Violin: History & Facts
In this lesson, we're going to talk about the modern violin. We will discuss a broad scope of the instrument including its history, how its played, and what it can do.
50. What are Harmonics? - Definition & Types
Harmonics are a widely used musical technique, but where do they come from? This lesson will focus on what a harmonic is, where they come from, and how this all relates back to musical pitch.
51. Dissonance in Music: Definition & Examples
Dissonance is a sound created when two discordant notes are played in unison. Examples of dissonance in music can be found in the work of Beethoven, Chopin and Nirvana, as we'll learn in this lesson.
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